Shayanastha, Śayanastha, Shayana-stha: 4 definitions

Introduction:

Shayanastha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śayanastha can be transliterated into English as Sayanastha or Shayanastha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shayanastha in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Śayanastha (शयनस्थ) refers to “reclining” and is used to describe Viṣṇu, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 13.1-9, while describing the appearance and worship of Viṣṇu]—“Or, [the Mantrin] worships a very handsome, eight-armed, yellow Deva. [...] He remembers [Viṣṇu’s] many forms. Thus, he thinks [of him] with a collection of many faces, many weapons and [many] arms [i.e., the cosmic Viṣṇu], reclining (śayanastha), taking a wife, joined with Lakṣmī, alone, [as] Narasiṃha, Varāha, or Vāmana, Kapila, or an honorable man, unadorned, or even without parts. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shayanastha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śayanastha (शयनस्थ).—a. being on a couch; शयनस्थो न भुञ्जीत (śayanastho na bhuñjīta) Manusmṛti 4.74.

Śayanastha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śayana and stha (स्थ).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śayanastha (शयनस्थ).—[adjective] being on a couch.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śayanastha (शयनस्थ):—[=śayana-stha] [from śayana > śaya] mfn. being or reclining on a couch, [Manu-smṛti iv, 74.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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