Shatrava, Śātrava: 7 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shatrava means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śātrava can be transliterated into English as Satrava or Shatrava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śātrava (शात्रव).—a. (- f.) [शत्रुरेव शत्रोरिदं वा अण् (śatrureva śatroridaṃ vā aṇ)]

1) Relating to an enemy; नारिकेलासवं योधाः शात्रवं च पपुर्यशः (nārikelāsavaṃ yodhāḥ śātravaṃ ca papuryaśaḥ) R.4. 42.

2) Hostile, inimical.

-vaḥ An enemy; तत्र नाभवदसौ महाहवे शात्रवादिव पराङ्मुखोऽर्थिनः (tatra nābhavadasau mahāhave śātravādiva parāṅmukho'rthinaḥ) Śi.14.44;18.2; Ve.5.1; Bk.5.81; Ki.14.2; देवः स्वर्गगतोऽपि शात्रववधेनाराधितः स्यादिति (devaḥ svargagato'pi śātravavadhenārādhitaḥ syāditi) Mu.2.5.

-vam 1 A collection of enemies; त्वां तु दिष्ट्या कुशलिनं पश्यामो हतशात्रवम् (tvāṃ tu diṣṭyā kuśalinaṃ paśyāmo hataśātravam) Rām.7.1.17.

2) Enmity, hostility; त्रयीशात्रवशत्रवे (trayīśātravaśatrave) R. G.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śātrava (शात्रव).—m.

(-vaḥ) An enemy. n.

(-vaṃ) 1. Enmity, hostility. 2. A multitude of enemies. f. (-vī) Hostile. E. śatru an enemy, and aṇ pleonasm, or aff. of quality or number.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śātrava (शात्रव).—i. e. śatru + a, I. m. An enemy, Mahābhārata 8, 1523. Ii. n. 1. Enmity. 2. A multitude of enemies.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śātrava (शात्रव).—[adjective] inimical; [masculine] enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śātrava (शात्रव):—mf(ī)n. ([from] śatru) belonging to an enemy, hostile, inimical, [Rāmāyaṇa; Raghuvaṃśa]

2) m. an enemy, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature]

3) n. enmity, hostility, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a multitude of enemies, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śātrava (शात्रव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. An enemy. n. Enmity; many enemies.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Śātrava (शात्रव):—(von śatru)

1) adj. feindlich: bala [Rāmāyaṇa 6, 6, 33.] yaśas [Raghuvaṃśa 4, 42.] —

2) m. Feind gaṇa prajñādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 38.] [Amarakoṣa 2, 8, 1, 11.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 3, 387.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 728.] [Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 713. fg.] (śatrau zu lesen). [Medinīkoṣa v. 52.] [Halāyudha 2, 301.] [Mahābhārata 8, 1523.] [Śiśupālavadha 9, 44.] [Bhaṭṭikavya 5, 81.] —

3) n. a) Feindschaft. — b) Feindesschaar [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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