Shatadru, Śatadru, Satadrū, Satadru, Śatadrū, Shata-dru: 16 definitions


Shatadru means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śatadru and Śatadrū can be transliterated into English as Satadru or Shatadru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shatadru in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa

Śatadru (शतद्रु).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.

Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śatadrū (शतद्रू).—The Purāṇic name of the Indian river now called Sutlej. Grief-stricken over the death of his son, Vasiṣṭha once jumped into this river, which, realising that the maharṣi was as powerful as fire, divided itself into many branches and flowed in various directions, and hence the river came to be known as Śatadrū. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 176, Verse 8). Once in talking about sublime rivers to Śiva, Pārvatī mentioned this river also. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 146, Verse 18). Śatadrū is also one of the ten rivers referred to in the Ṛgveda.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śatadru (शतद्रु).—In the chariot of Tripurāri.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 21; 133. 23.

2) Satadrū (सतद्रू).—A wife of Havyavāhana.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 14.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śatadru (शतद्रु) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.19, II.9, VI.10.14). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śatadru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Śatadru also refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.21, VIII.30.35).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Shatadru in Kavya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Śatadru (शतद्रु) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The River Sutlej.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Śatadru (शतद्रु) is an important river whose water (jala) qualities are described in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The text explains the qualities of the water of certain important rivers like [viz., Śatadru].

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Śatadru (शतद्रु) is the name of a River, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Jupiter presides over the eastern part of the Indus, the western half of Mathurā, the countries of Bharata and Sauvīra; the town of Srughna, the province of Udīcya, the Vipāśā and the Śatadru rivers; the countries of Ramaṭha, Śālvā; Traigarta, Paurava, Ambaṣṭa, Pārata, Vāṭadhāna, Yaudheya, Sārasvata, Arjunāyana, one half of Matsya; [...]”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: 84000: The Basket’s Display

Śatadru (शतद्रु) (identified with river Sutlej) refers to one of the great rivers of Jambudvīpa, according to the Kāraṇḍa­vyūha-sūtra chapter 2 (“”).—Accordingly, as Tathāgata Padmottama praises the qualities of this six-syllable mahāvidyā: “As a comparison, in Jambudvīpa there are great rivers that flow day and night. They are the [e.g., Śatadru, Sutlej] [...]. Each of these rivers has five hundred tributaries. Day and night they flow into the ocean. Noble son, this is how the accumulation of merit increases as the result of a single repetition of the six-syllable mahāvidyā: I can count each drop in those great rivers, but, noble son, I cannot calculate the accumulation of merit that comes from repeating the six-syllable mahāvidyā once”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Satadru (सतद्रु) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—It is said that the Kinnarī Manoharā, wife of Prince Sudhanu who was the son of Suvāhu, King of Hastināpura, while going to the Himalayas, crossed the river Satadru and proceeded to the Mount Kailash. Satadru is modern Sutlej, a tributary of the Ganges.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatadru (शतद्रु).—f.

1) Name of a river in the Punjab now called Sutlej.

2) Name of the Ganges.

Derivable forms: śatadruḥ (शतद्रुः).

Śatadru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and dru (द्रु).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatadru (शतद्रु).—f.

(-druḥ) The river Sutlej, which rises in the Himalaya mountains in the vicinity, it is supposed, of the Ravana-Hrada, and running to the S. W. unites in the Punjab with the Beyah or Vipasa, when it forms the Hyphasis of the Greeks, and falls in to the Indus below Mooltan. E. śata a hundred, (fold, or in a hundred branches,) dru to flow, Unadi aff. ku; form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatadru (शतद्रु).—[śata-dru], f. The name of a river, the Setlej, Mahābhārata 1, 6753.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatadru (शतद्रु).—[feminine] [Name] of a river.

--- OR ---

Śatadrū (शतद्रू).—[feminine] [Name] of a river.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatadru (शतद्रु):—[=śata-dru] [from śata] f. ‘flowing in a h° (or numerous) branches’, Name of a river now called the Sutlej (it is the most easterly of the five rivers of the Pañjāb, and rises in a lake [prob. Mānasa Sarovar] on the Himālaya mountains; flowing in a southwesterly direction for 550 miles, it unites with the Vipāśā or Beas south-east of Amritsar [see vipāś], afterwards joining the Chenāb and filling into the Indus below Multan; it is also called śutu-dri, śutu-dru, śita-dru etc.), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of the Ganges, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) Śatadrū (शतद्रू):—[=śata-drū] [from śata] f. = -dru, the Sutlej, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatadru (शतद्रु):—[śata-dru] (druḥ) 2. f. The Satlaj river.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shatadru in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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