Shatadru, aka: Śatadru, Satadrū, Satadru, Shata-dru, Śatadrū; 9 Definition(s)
Shatadru means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śatadru and Śatadrū can be transliterated into English as Satadru or Shatadru, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Śatadru (शतद्रु).—Name of a river originating from Himālaya, a holy mountain (kulaparvata) in Bhārata, according to the Varāhapurāṇa chapter 85. There are settlements (janapada) where Āryas and Mlecchas dwell who drink water from these rivers.
Bhārata is a region south of Hemādri, once ruled over by Bharata (son of Ṛṣabha), whose ancestral lineage can be traced back to Svāyambhuva Manu, who was created by Brahmā, who was in turn created by Nārāyaṇa, the unknowable all-pervasive primordial being.Source: Wisdom Library: Varāha-purāṇa
Śatadrū (शतद्रू).—The Purāṇic name of the Indian river now called Sutlej. Grief-stricken over the death of his son, Vasiṣṭha once jumped into this river, which, realising that the maharṣi was as powerful as fire, divided itself into many branches and flowed in various directions, and hence the river came to be known as Śatadrū. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 176, Verse 8). Once in talking about sublime rivers to Śiva, Pārvatī mentioned this river also. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 146, Verse 18). Śatadrū is also one of the ten rivers referred to in the Ṛgveda.Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia
1) Śatadru (शतद्रु).—In the chariot of Tripurāri.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 114. 21; 133. 23.
2) Satadrū (सतद्रू).—A wife of Havyavāhana.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 29. 14.
Śatadru (शतद्रु) refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. II.9.19, II.9, VI.10.14). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śatadru) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.
Śatadru also refers to the name of a River mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.21, VIII.30.35).Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Śatadru (शतद्रु) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—The River Sutlej.Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara
Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Śatadru (शतद्रु) is an important river whose water (jala) qualities are described in the Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Different types of water (jala) and their properties are mentioned here [viz., in jala-prakaraṇa]. The text explains the qualities of the water of certain important rivers like [viz., Śatadru].Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
India history and geogprahy
Satadru (सतद्रु) is the name of a river situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—It is said that the Kinnarī Manoharā, wife of Prince Sudhanu who was the son of Suvāhu, King of Hastināpura, while going to the Himalayas, crossed the river Satadru and proceeded to the Mount Kailash. Satadru is modern Sutlej, a tributary of the Ganges.Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
1) Name of a river in the Punjab now called Sutlej.
2) Name of the Ganges.
Derivable forms: śatadruḥ (शतद्रुः).
Śatadru is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and dru (द्रु).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-druḥ) The river Sutlej, which rises in the Himalaya mountains in the vicinity, it is supposed, of the Ravana-Hrada, and running to the S. W. unites in the Punjab with the Beyah or Vipasa, when it forms the Hyphasis of the Greeks, and falls in to the Indus below Mooltan. E. śata a hundred, (fold, or in a hundred branches,) dru to flow, Unadi aff. ku; form irr.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 20 books and stories containing Shatadru, Śatadru, Satadrū, Satadru, Shata-dru, Śata-dru, Sata-dru, Śatadrū; (plurals include: Shatadrus, Śatadrus, Satadrūs, Satadrus, drus, Śatadrūs). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Buddhist records of the Western world (Xuanzang) (by Samuel Beal)
Chapter 5 - Country of She-to-t’u-lu (Shatadru) < [Book IV - Fifteen Countries]
Chapter 4 - Country of K’iu-lu-to (Kuluta) < [Book IV - Fifteen Countries]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CC - Various other medicinal Recipes (continued) < [Dhanvantari Samhita]