Shatabhisha, Śatabhiṣa, Śatabhiṣā, Shata-bhisha: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Shatabhisha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śatabhiṣa and Śatabhiṣā can be transliterated into English as Satabhisa or Shatabhisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Śatabhiṣānakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Śatabhiṣā means “comprising a hundred physicians” and is associated with the deity known as Varuṇa (God of night/ the underworld). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Rahu (north lunar node).

Also known as Śatabhiṣak-nakṣatra (शतभिषक्-नक्षत्र) or Śatabhiṣaj-nakṣatra (शतभिषक्-नक्षत्र).

Indian zodiac: |6°40'| – |20° Kumbha|
Kumbha (कुम्भ, “pitcher”) corresponds with Aquarius.

Western zodiac: |2°40'| – |16° Pisces|
Pisces corresponds with Mīna (मीन, “fish”).

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा).—A constellation.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śatabhiṣa (शतभिष, ‘having a hundred physicians’) or Śatabhiṣaj seems to be λ Aquarii with the others around it vaguely conceived as numbering a hundred.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śatabhiṣa (शतभिष) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Śatabhiṣa is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Hiu, Tibetan Mon-gre and modern Aquarii.

Śatabhiṣa is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (e.g., Śatabhiṣa), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा) refers to one of the various Nakṣatras mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Śatabhiṣā).

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा) refers to the twenty-fourth of the 28 nakṣatras (“constellations”) of the zodiac, as commonly depicted in Buddhist Iconography, and mentioned in the 11th-century Niṣpannayogāvalī of Mahāpaṇḍita Abhayākara.—The nakṣatras are described collectively in the dharmadhātuvāgīśvara-maṇḍala of the Niṣpannayogāvalī. In this maṇḍala the nakṣatras are given one face and two arms, which are clasped against the chest in the añjalimudrā:—“the deities [viz., Śatabhiṣā] are decked in bejewelled jackets and they all show the añjali-mudrā”.—In colour, however, they differ. [viz., Śatabhiṣā is given the colour yellow].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा).—f. Name of the 24th lunar mansion containing one hundred stars.

Śatabhiṣā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and bhiṣā (भिषा). See also (synonyms): śatatārakā, śatabhiṣaj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा).—f.

(-ṣā) The twenty-fifth of the Nakshatras or lunar mansions, containing 100 stars, one of which is Aquarii. E. śata a hundred, bhiṣaj to cure, aff. ḍa; requiring many physicians; as the Hindus say Dhanwantari himself can not cure any person affected with disease, whilst the moon is in this asterism.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śātabhiṣa (शातभिष).—or śātabhiṣaja śātabhiṣaja, i. e. śatabhiṣā, or śatabhiṣaj, + a, m. One who is born during the lunar mansion called Śatabhiṣā or Śatabhiṣaj, [Vārtika.] 2, ad [Pāṇini, (ed. Böhtlingk.)] iv. 2, 8; cf. iv. 3, 36.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śatabhiṣa (शतभिष):—[=śata-bhiṣa] [from śata] m. = śata-bhiṣaj Name of a Nakṣatra, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] (śatabhiṣaṃ nakṣatram, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā ii, 13, 20], [wrong reading] for śata-bhiṣaṅ nakṣatram).

3) Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा):—[=śata-bhiṣā] [from śata] f. = śatabhiṣaj Name of a Nakṣatra, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa etc.]

4) Śātabhiṣa (शातभिष):—[=śāta-bhiṣa] [from śāta] mf(ī)n. born under the Nakṣatra Śata-bhiṣaj, [Pāṇini 4-2, 7], [vArttika] 1, [Patañjali]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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