Shatabhisha, Śatabhiṣa, Śatabhiṣā, Shata-bhisha: 8 definitions

Introduction

Shatabhisha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śatabhiṣa and Śatabhiṣā can be transliterated into English as Satabhisa or Shatabhisha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jyotiṣa

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा):—Name for a particular section of the ecliptic. It is also known as Śatabhiṣānakṣatra. Nakṣatra means “Lunar mansion” and corresponds to a specific region of the sky through which the moon passes each day. Śatabhiṣā means “comprising a hundred physicians” and is associated with the deity known as Varuṇa (God of night/ the underworld). The presiding Lord of this lunar house is Rahu (north lunar node).

Also known as Śatabhiṣak-nakṣatra (शतभिषक्-नक्षत्र) or Śatabhiṣaj-nakṣatra (शतभिषक्-नक्षत्र).

Indian zodiac: |6°40'| – |20° Kumbha|
Kumbha (कुम्भ, “pitcher”) corresponds with Aquarius.

Western zodiac: |2°40'| – |16° Pisces|
Pisces corresponds with Mīna (मीन, “fish”).

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा).—A constellation.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 23. 6.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Hinduism glossary
Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Śatabhiṣa (शतभिष, ‘having a hundred physicians’) or Śatabhiṣaj seems to be λ Aquarii with the others around it vaguely conceived as numbering a hundred.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Śatabhiṣa (शतभिष) refers to one of the twenty-seven constellations (nakṣatra) according to according to Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter XIV).—Śatabhiṣa is the Sanskrit equivalent of Chinese Hiu, Tibetan Mon-gre and modern Aquarii.

Śatabhiṣa is classified in the fourth group: “The moon revolves around the earth in 28 days. If the moon enters one of the nine following constellations (eg., Śatabhiṣa), then at that moment the earth trembles as if it would collapse and this trembling extends as far as Devendra. Then peace (yogakṣema) is plentiful, rain favors the growth of the five grains, the emperor is kind (śiva), the great ministers are virtuous and everyone is peaceful”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shatabhisha in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा).—f. Name of the 24th lunar mansion containing one hundred stars.

Śatabhiṣā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śata and bhiṣā (भिषा). See also (synonyms): śatatārakā, śatabhiṣaj.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śatabhiṣā (शतभिषा).—f.

(-ṣā) The twenty-fifth of the Nakshatras or lunar mansions, containing 100 stars, one of which is Aquarii. E. śata a hundred, bhiṣaj to cure, aff. ḍa; requiring many physicians; as the Hindus say Dhanwantari himself can not cure any person affected with disease, whilst the moon is in this asterism.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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