Sharapunkha, Śarapuṅkhā, Śarapuṅkha, Shara-punkha: 9 definitions
Sharapunkha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Śarapuṅkhā and Śarapuṅkha can be transliterated into English as Sarapunkha or Sharapunkha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Ayurveda (science of life)Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu
Śarapuṅkhā (शरपुङ्खा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Tephrosia purpurea Linn. (“common tephrosia”) from the Fabaceae or “legume” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.71-73 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Śarapuṅkhā is commonly known in Hindi as Sarfoṅkhā; in Bengali as Bannilā; in Marathi as Unhali; in Gujarati as Sarpaṅkho; in Telugu as Vempalī; in Tamil as Kolingī; and in Kannada as Koggilī.
Śarapuṅkhā is mentioned as having five synonyms: Kāṇḍapuṅkhā, Vāṇapuṅkhā, Iṣupuṅkhikā, Sāyakapuṅkhā and Iṣupuṅkhā. The following two varieties are also mentioned: Śvetaśarapuṅkhā and Kaṇṭapuṅkhā.
Properties and characteristics: “Śarapuṅkhā is pungent and hot. It cures vātika pains and worm infestations. The Śveta-Śarapuṅkhā possesses similar properties, rather in potent form. It is also used as rejuvenating drug (rasāyana)”.Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha
Śarapuṅkha (शरपुङ्ख) is another name for “Bāṇapuṅkha” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning śarapuṅkha] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Biology (plants and animals)Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs
Sarapunkha [शरपुंखा] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Tephrosia lanceifolia, Tephrosia indigofera, Tephrosia wallichii. For the possible medicinal usage of sarapunkha, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.
Sarapunkha in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Tephrosia pumila (Lam.) Pers. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Tephrosia procumbens, Tephrosia timoriensis, Tephrosia hirsuta.
Sarapunkha in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Tephrosia candida DC. from the Fabaceae (Pea) family having the following synonyms: Cracca candida, Xiphocarpus candidus.Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)
1) Sharapunkha in India is the name of a plant defined with Tephrosia pumila in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cracca dichotoma Kuntze (among others).
2) Sharapunkha is also identified with Tephrosia purpurea It has the synonym Cracca wallichii (Graham) Rydb. (etc.).
Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):
· The Flora of British India (1876)
· Species Plantarum, ed. 3
· Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge (1853)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Botanical Gazette (1899)
· Boletim da Sociedade Broteriana (1968)
If you are looking for specific details regarding Sharapunkha, for example chemical composition, health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.
This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.
Languages of India and abroad
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
śarapuṅkhā (शरपुंखा).—f S The feathers or the feathered part of an arrow.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Śarapuṅkha (शरपुङ्ख) or Śarapuṅkhā (शरपुङ्खा).—the feathered end of an arrow.
Derivable forms: śarapuṅkhaḥ (शरपुङ्खः).
Śarapuṅkha is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms śara and puṅkha (पुङ्ख).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ṅkhā) The feathered end of an arrow. E. śara an arrow, and puṅkha the feathered part of it.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Śarapuṅkha (शरपुङ्ख):—[=śara-puṅkha] [from śara] m. the shaft or feathered part of an ar° (See puṅkha), [Suśruta; Vāgbhaṭālaṃkāra]
2) Śarapuṅkhā (शरपुङ्खा):—[=śara-puṅkhā] [from śara-puṅkha > śara] f. idem, [Horace H. Wilson]
3) [v.s. ...] Galega Purpurea, [Bhāvaprakāśa]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Sharapunkhadi.
Ends with: Shvetasharapunkha.
Full-text (+4): Sayakapunkha, Shvetasharapunkha, Ishupunkha, Kandapunkha, Banapunkha, Ishupunkhika, Kantapunkha, Vanapunkha, Varisphota, Sphota, Sarpankho, Sitapunkha, Shvetapunkha, Sarfonkha, Bannila, Unhali, Vempali, Kolingi, Koggili, Sitasayaka.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Sharapunkha, Śarapuṅkhā, Śarapuṅkha, Shara-punkha, Sarapunkha, Śara-puṅkha, Śara-puṅkhā, Sara-punkha; (plurals include: Sharapunkhas, Śarapuṅkhās, Śarapuṅkhas, punkhas, Sarapunkhas, puṅkhas, puṅkhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 2: Minerals (uparasa) (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 2 - Purification of haritala < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
Part 5 - Extraction of essence from haritala < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
Part 3 - Incineration of haritala < [Chapter XII - Uparasa (13): Haritala (orpiment)]
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCVII - Various other medicinal Recipes (continued) < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CCXV - Various Recipes < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
Chapter CXCIII - Medical treatment of fever etc < [Dhanvantari Samhita]
The Practice Manual of Noble Tārā Kurukullā (by Dharmachakra Translation Committee)
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 4: Iatrochemistry (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 8 - Treatment for enlargement of spleen and liver (7): Sadyo-mrityunjaya rasa < [Chapter VII - Enlargement of spleen (plihodara) and liver (yakridudara)]
Rasa Jala Nidhi, vol 1: Initiation, Mercury and Laboratory (by Bhudeb Mookerjee)
Part 11 - Mercurial operations (9): Rehabilitation of Mercury (anubasana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Part 18 - Mercurial operations (16): Incineration of mercury (bhasmikarana) < [Chapter IV-V - Mercurial operations]
Sushruta Samhita, volume 1: Sutrasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)