Shaphari, Sapharī, Śapharī, Saphari: 8 definitions


Shaphari means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śapharī can be transliterated into English as Saphari or Shaphari, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shaphari in Purana glossary
Source: Nilamata Purana: a cultural and literary study

Śapharī (शफरी).—The Bhāgavata Purāṇa describes Viṣṇu taking the form of Śapharī fish for rescuing the Vedas which had been snatched away during the deluge, by the powerful demon Hayagrīva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Śapharī (शफरी).—The form taken by Harī.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VIII. 24. 9.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Śapharī (शफरी) refers to a type of fish (matsya) according to the Dhanvantari-nighaṇṭu 165.383-85. In the science of Āyurveda (ancient Indian healthcare), the meat of a fish is used and prepared in balanced diets. Śapharī is a small carp which Manu saw firstly in the river and protected it. The Dhanvantarinighaṇṭu is a 10th-century medicinal thesaurus (nighaṇṭu) containing characteristics and synonyms of various herbal plants and minerals.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shaphari in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sapharī : (f.) a sheet fish.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sapharī (सफरी).—m ( H) A mariner, sailor, voyager, a seafaring person.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sapharī (सफरी).—m A mariner, sailor.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śapharī (शफरी).—f.) [शफं राति रा-क (śaphaṃ rāti rā-ka) Tv.] A kind of small glittering fish; मोघीकर्तुं चटुलशफरोद्वर्तनप्रेक्षितानि (moghīkartuṃ caṭulaśapharodvartanaprekṣitāni) Me. 42; मनोऽस्य जह्नुः शफरीविवृत्तयः (mano'sya jahnuḥ śapharīvivṛttayaḥ) Ki.4.3; Śi.8.24; Ku. 4.39.

See also (synonyms): śaphara.

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Sapharī (सफरी).—A small glittering fish; cf. शफर (śaphara).

See also (synonyms): saphara.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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