Shanda, Ṣaṇḍā, Ṣaṇḍa, Śaṇḍa, Saṇḍa, Sanda: 15 definitions

Introduction

Shanda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣaṇḍā and Ṣaṇḍa and Śaṇḍa can be transliterated into English as Sanda or Shanda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Ṣaṇḍa) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śaṇḍa (शण्ड).—A son of Śukra and a tutor of Prahlāda; reported with Marka to Hiraṇyakaśipu of their inability to bring the boy to his way of thinking and advised him to keep him in custody until Śukra's arrival.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VII. 5. 1-2, 48-50; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 1. 78; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 77.

1b) A Kūṣmāṇḍa Piśāca, one of the two sons of Kapi; father of Brahmadhāmā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 74-84.

1c) An Asura; seen in the bathing ceremony of the sacrifice of the gods;1 one of the disciples of Śukra given to the Asuras to guide them; but he was bought off by the gods by giving him a place in sacrifices.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 47. 41, 54.
  • 2) Ib. 47. 224-36.

2) Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड).—The asura; also Śaṇḍa, brother of Marka; one of the disciples of Śukra. The Asuras were experts in the magic of warfare and hence Devas won them over by offering a graha to them in the sacrifices; thus the Asuras were defeated.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 72, 87; 73. 63-4; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 72 and 86; 98. 63; 108. 60.

3) Ṣaṇḍā (षण्डा).—A śakti.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 91.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śaṇḍa (शण्ड) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VIII.30.70) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śaṇḍa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Ṣaṇḍa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.42) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड, “eunuch”) or Rāja refers to the sixth of nine aṃśa (part), according to the Mānasāra. Aṃśa is the alternative sixth of the āyādiṣaḍvarga, or “six principles” that constitute the “horoscope” of an architectural or iconographic object. Their application is intended to “verify” the measurements of the architectural and iconographic object against the dictates of astrology that lay out the conditions of auspiciousness.

The particular aṃśa (eg., ṣaṇḍa) of all architectural and iconographic objects (settlement, building, image) must be calculated and ascertained. This process is based on the principle of the remainder. An arithmetical formula to be used in each case is stipulated, which engages one of the basic dimensions of the object (breadth, length, or perimeter/circumference). Among the nine taskara, the ones named ṣaṇḍa and vipat are inauspicious, and should therefore be avoided.

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions (jainism)

Saṇḍa (सण्ड, “bull”) is given as an example for “names derived from physical characteristics” (sarīra): a kind of rule when deriving personal names for men, mentioned in the Aṅgavijjā chapter 26. This chapter includes general rules to follow when deriving proper names. The Aṅgavijjā (mentioning saṇḍa) is an ancient treatise from the 3rd century CE dealing with physiognomic readings, bodily gestures and predictions and was written by a Jain ascetic in 9000 Prakrit stanzas.

 

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ṣaṇḍa.—(IA 18), a bull living or wandering at liberty. Note: ṣaṇḍa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṇḍa : (m.) a grove; cluster; multitude.

-- or --

sanda : (adj.) thick; dense. (m.), a flow.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sanda, 1 (cp. Sk. sāndra) 1. (adj.) thick, dense; in —°cchāya giving dense shade S. IV, 194; J. I, 57, 249; DA. I, 209. ‹-› (2) (thick) wood, forest; in —°vihāra dwelling in the wood, life as a hermit Th. 1, 688. (Page 677)

— or —

Saṇḍa, (dial.; Dhtm 157: gumb’attha-m-īraṇe; cp. Sk. ṣaṇḍa) a heap, cluster, multitude; a grove (vana°) D. I, 87; S. III, 108; Vin. I, 23; J. I, 134 (vana°); satta° teeming with beings It. 21.—Jambu° N. of Jambudīpa Sn. 352=Th. 1, 822 (v. l. °maṇḍa, which Kern considers to be the correct reading; see Toev. II. 67).—saṇḍa°cārin swarming D. I, 166=M. I, 77=A II 206. (Page 671)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śaṇḍa (शंड).—m (S) śaṇḍha m S One that is neither male nor female, a neuter or hermaphrodite: also an emasculated man, a eunuch: also an impotent &c. Seven or eight varieties are enumerated in the Shastras.

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ṣaṇḍa (षंड).—m (S) A human being that is neither male nor female, a neuter or an hermaphrodite. 2 An eunuch. 3 A bull set at liberty.

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saṇḍā (संडा).—a P Tall and strong, stalwart, strapping.

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sāṇḍa (सांड).—m (ṣaṇḍa S) A bull set at liberty. Hence (such bulls soon becoming fat and lusty) A big and burly man.

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sāṇḍa (सांड).—f ē (ṣaṇḍa S through H) A female camel.

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sāṇḍa (सांड).—f (ṣada S) An outlet for superfluous water (as through a dam or mound); a sluice, a floodvent. 2 Suffering to slip out of the memory; losing all care and thought about; dropping. v kara g. of o. Also forbearing or foregoing; pretermitting or passing by. v kara with viṣayīṃ of o. Ex. putrāviṣayīṃ-saṃsārāviṣayīṃ-kāmāviṣayīṃ sāṇḍa kēlī. 3 Letting drop and letting go continually; a habit, propensity, or trick of dropping and losing. v lāga. Ex. kāya hō tumacyā bhāvālā rupa- yāñcī sāṇḍa lāgalī. 4 Letting alone; leaving to act at will. 5 A forsaken wife. 6 n A thing dropped and lost: also as a dropped on the road; fallen and lying (unowned). sāṇḍa karaṇēṃ g. of o. sāṇḍa dēṇēṃ with sa or of o. To let pass or go; to pass by unheedingly (an affront, a fault). 2 To reject or cast away. Ex. bāhya kuṭumbā karī sāṇḍa.

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sānda (सांद).—Better sāndha &c.

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sāndā (सांदा).—m A joint &c. Properly sāndhā.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

śaṇḍa (शंड) [-ḍha, -ढ].—m A neuter, and eunuch.

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ṣaṇḍa (षंड) [-ḍha, -ढ].—m A neuter; an eunuch. A bull set at liberty.

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sāṇḍa (सांड).—f A female camel. A flood-vent. A habit of dropping and losing.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṇḍa (शण्ड).—A eunuch (= śaṇḍha q. v.).

Derivable forms: śaṇḍaḥ (शण्डः).

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Śaṇḍa (शण्ड).—[śaṇḍ ac Uṇ.1.113]

1) An impotent man, a eunuch.

2) A bull.

3) A bull at liberty to move.

4) Curds.

-ṇḍam A collection, multitude; cf. षण्ड (ṣaṇḍa) or खण्ड (khaṇḍa).

Derivable forms: śaṇḍaḥ (शण्डः).

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Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड).—

1) A bull.

2) A bull set at liberty; a breeding bull; नीलषण्डप्रमोक्षेण अमावास्यां तिलोदकैः (nīlaṣaṇḍapramokṣeṇa amāvāsyāṃ tilodakaiḥ) Mb.13.125.73.

3) A eunuch; (14 or 2 classes of eunuchs are mentioned by different writers); कुब्जवामनषण्डकाः (kubjavāmanaṣaṇḍakāḥ) Kau. A.1.12.

3) A group, multitude; collection, heap, quantity (n. also in this sense); तस्मिन् स्व आश्रमे व्यासो बदरीषण्डमण्डिते (tasmin sva āśrame vyāso badarīṣaṇḍamaṇḍite) Bhāg.1.7.3; कलरवमुपगीते षट्पदौघेन धत्तः कुमुदकमलषण्डे तुल्यरूपामवस्थाम् (kalaravamupagīte ṣaṭpadaughena dhattaḥ kumudakamalaṣaṇḍe tulyarūpāmavasthām) Śi.11.15; cf. खण्ड (khaṇḍa) also.

-ṇḍaḥ, -ṇḍam A flock (of goats &c.).

Derivable forms: ṣaṇḍaḥ (षण्डः).

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Saṇḍa (सण्ड).—See षण्ढ (ṣaṇḍha).

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Sāṇḍa (साण्ड).—a. Uncastrated.

Derivable forms: sāṇḍam (साण्डम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṇḍa (शण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A bull set at liberty. 2. An eunuch. n.

(-ṇḍaṃ) A multitude of lotus flowers. E. śaṇ or ṣaṇ to give, aff. ḍa, hence also ṣaṇḍa, and differently derived, śaṇṭha, ṣaṇḍa the more usual form; or śaḍi-ac .

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Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) 1. A bull at liberty. 2. A eunuch. 3. A multitude, a heap. mn.

(-ṇḍaḥ-ṇḍaṃ) A quantity of lotuses. E. ṣaṇ to give, ḍa Unadi aff.; also śaṇḍa, ṣaṇḍha, and śaṇḍha, &c.

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Saṇḍa (सण्ड).—m.

(-ṇḍaḥ) A eunuch: see ṣaṇḍa, and śaṇḍa, &c., the sibilants being interchanged.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṇḍa (शण्ड).—I. m. n. A collection of lotus flowers. Ii. m. 1. An eunuch. 2. An impotent man. 3. A bull at liberty (cf. śaṇṭha and śaṇḍha).

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Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड).—I. m. 1. A bull at liberty. 2. An eunuch. 3. A wood, a thicket, [Meghadūta, (ed. Gildemeister.)] 20. 4. A multitude. Ii. m. and n. A quantity of lotuses.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṇḍa (शण्ड).—[masculine] [Name] of the Purohita of the Asuras.

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Śāṇḍa (शाण्ड).—[masculine] a man’s name.

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Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड).—[masculine] group of trees (only —°); heap, multitude i.[grammar]

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Sāṇḍa (साण्ड).—[adjective] having testicles, potent.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṇḍa (शण्ड):—[from śaṇḍ] m. thick sour milk, curds, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of an Asura priest (son of Śukra), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā] (later Name of a Yakṣa)

3) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for ṣaṇḍha q.v.

4) Śāṇḍa (शाण्ड):—m. ([patronymic] [from] śaṇḍa) Name of a man, [Ṛg-veda]

5) of the father of Lakṣmī-dhara, [Catalogue(s)]

6) Ṣaṇḍa (षण्ड):—mn. (often written khaṇḍa, also [varia lectio] or [wrong reading] for śaṇḍa, ṣaṇḍha, and saṇḍa) a group of trees or plants, wood, thicket (always ifc. ; cf. vana and vṛkṣa-ṣ)

7) any group or multitude, heap, quantity, collection, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

8) m. a bull set at liberty (-tva n.), [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 101; 113 [Scholiast or Commentator]] (cf. nīlaṣ)

9) m. a breeding bull, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Name of a serpent-demon, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Lāṭyāyana]

11) n. = liṅga (used in explaining pāṣaṇḍa), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

12) Ṣāṇḍa (षाण्ड):—m. Name of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

13) Saṇḍa (सण्ड):—m. [plural] Name of a people, [Mahābhārata] ([Calcutta edition] ṣaṇḍa)

14) a eunuch (= śaṇḍa and ṣaṇḍha), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) Sāṇḍa (साण्ड):—mfn. having testicles, uncastrated, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa; Gṛhya-sūtra and śrauta-sūtra]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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