Shamtanu, Śaṃtanu, Saṃtanu, Samtanu, Śāṃtanu: 5 definitions


Shamtanu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Śaṃtanu and Śāṃtanu can be transliterated into English as Samtanu or Shamtanu, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shamtanu in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1) Śaṃtanu (शंतनु).—A son of Pratīpa and a brother of Devāpī; was a great king learned and a specialist in medicine (mahābhiṣak); it is said that a touch of his hand cured people of any disease and made them youthful again; hence his name Śamtanu; married Jāhnavī; father of Devavrata (Bhīṣma); from the dark fisherwoman he got Vicitravīrya. Another son was Citrāngada; a Paurava with an aṃśa of Samudra.1 Came upon the twins of Satyadhṛti, in the course of a hunting, Kṛpa and Kṛpi and took them by grace; greed for more territory.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 12-21; XII. 2. 37; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 10. 69, 70; Matsya-purāṇa 14, 17; 50. 11, 39. 45; Vāyu-purāṇa 73. 18; 99. 234, 237-41; 111. 70; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 20. 9. 34.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 21. 36; XII. 3. 10; Vāyu-purāṇa 1. 158; 99. 204; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 67-8.

2) Saṃtanu (संतनु).—Rescued the Gautamas, twin children of Satyadhṛti.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 50. 11.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śāṃtanu (शांतनु) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.63.76, I.63, I.61.68) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śāṃtanu) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of shamtanu or samtanu in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṃtanu (शंतनु).—[adjective] beneficial to the body or person ([abstract] śaṃtanutva); [masculine] [Name] of an ancient king etc.

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Śāṃtanu (शांतनु).—[masculine] [Name] of an ancient king ( = śaṃtanu).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṃtanu (शंतनु):—[=śaṃ-tanu] [from śaṃ > śam] mfn. (śaṃ-) wholesome for the body or the person (-tva n.), [Taittirīya-saṃhitā]

2) [v.s. ...] m. (also written śāṃtanu) Name of an ancient king with the [patronymic] Kauravya (he was fourteenth descendant of Kuru, son of Pratīpa and younger brother of Devāpi, and usurped the sovereignty whilst the latter became a hermit; he married Gaṅgā and Satya-vatī; by the former he had a son named Bhīṣma, and by the latter Citrāṅgada and Vicitravīrya cf. [Indian Wisdom, by Sir M. Monier-Williams 375]), [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] (with cakra-vartin) Name of an author (son of Uddharaṇa, of the Tomara race), [Catalogue(s)]

4) Śāṃtanu (शांतनु):—[from śāṃtanava] m. Name of the father of Bhīṣma (in older language śaṃtanu q.v.), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] a [particular] inferior kind of grain, [Suśruta]

6) Saṃtanu (संतनु):—[=saṃ-tanu] [from saṃ-tani > saṃ-tan] m. Name of a youth attending on Rādhā, [Pañcarātra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shamtanu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of shamtanu or samtanu in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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