Shamadama, Śamadama, Shama-dama: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Shamadama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śamadama can be transliterated into English as Samadama or Shamadama, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shamadama in Vedanta glossary
Source: Austrian Academy of Sciences: Issues in Indian Philosophy and Its History

Śamadama (शमदम) refers to “self-control and tranquility” according to Vidyāraṇya’s 14th century Jīvanmuktiviveka (“discerning liberation while living””).—Vidyāraṇya discusses mutual causation of knowing the truth and eliminating vāsanās by negative concomitance: if latent tendencies of anger, etc., are not destroyed, knowledge of the real cannot rise since means like self-control and tranquility (śamadama) are absent. And when the truth of non-dual brahman is not known, confusion about the truth of the cause of anger, etc., is not halted, so tendencies are not eliminated.

Vedanta book cover
context information

Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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India history and geography

Source: Google Books: Early Buddhist Artisans and their Architectural Vocabulary

Śamadama (शमदम) does not stand for a slave; it only means a wage earner, even if literally translated. The émigré Kharoshṭī artisans were certainly  provided with generous incentives by their patrons; they were also given freedom to identify their works with their names, and to express their grievances openly. If the artisans (like Eṭhaka) had any grievances, they must have been not so much against their chief patron but against the impudent and indifferent intermediaries. These artisans received their wages either in cash or in kind. We do not know whether the Aśokan bureaucracy was corrupt, though Kauṭilya warns not to rule it out.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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