Shalika, Sāḷika, Sālika, Śālika, Sālikā, Salika: 12 definitions


Shalika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sāḷika and Śālika can be transliterated into English as Salika or Saliika or Shalika, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śālika (शालिक) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Śālika) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Śālika (शालिक).—A divine maharṣi. He met Kṛṣṇa once on his (Kṛṣṇa's) way to Hastināpura and had a talk with the lord. (Mahābhārata Udyoga Pava, Southern Text, Chapter 83).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shalika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sālikā : (f.) a myna-bird.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sālika, (adj.) (fr. sāli) belonging to rice DhA. III, 33. (Page 706)

— or —

Sālikā, (f.) (cp. Epic Sk. sārikā crow, usually combined with śuka parrot) a kind of bird S. I, 190=Th. 1, 1232; J. V, 110. See sāliya & sāḷikā. (Page 706)

— or —

Sāḷika, a bird; f. °ā the Maina bird J. I, 429; VI, 421. Spelt sāḷiyā at J. VI, 425. See sālikā & sāliya. (Page 707)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śālika (शालिक).—

1) A weaver.

2) A toll, tax.

3) A village of artisans.

Derivable forms: śālikaḥ (शालिकः).

--- OR ---

Sālikā (सालिका).—A flute.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālika (शालिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) Relating or belonging to a hall, to the Sal tree, &c. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. A weaver. 2. A village of artificers. 3. A toll, a tax. f.

(-kā) A shrub, (Hedysarum gangeticum.) E. śāla the Sal tree, kan fem. form, aff. of comparison; or śālā a hall, ṭhak aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālika (शालिक).—i. e. śālā + ika, I. adj. Relating or belonging to the Shorea robusta, a hall, etc. Ii. m. 1. A weaver. 2. A village of artificers. 3. A tax.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śālika (शालिक):—[from śāla] 1. śālika mfn. relating or belonging to a hall or room [gana] vrīhy-ādi

2) [v.s. ...] relating or belonging to the Śāl tree, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) Śālikā (शालिका):—[from śālika > śāla] a f. a house, shop (See nāpita-ś).

4) Śālika (शालिक):—[from śāli] 2. śālika mfn. (for 1. See p. 1067, col. 2) derived or prepared from rice (with piṣṭa n. rice-flour), [Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

5) [v.s. ...] m. (with ācārya) Name of a teacher

6) Śālikā (शालिका):—[from śālika > śāli] b f. Name of [work]

7) Sālikā (सालिका):—f. a flute, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālika (शालिक):—[(kaḥ-kī-kaṃ) m.] A weaver; village of artificers; a tax. 1. f. (ī) A shrub, Hedysarum.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śālikā (शालिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sāliā, Sāliya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shalika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shalika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Salikā (सलिका):—(nm) manners, etiquette; ~[kedāra] mannerly; ~[kemaṃda] mannerly.

context information


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