Shalankayana, Śālaṅkāyana, Sālaṅkāyana, Salankayana: 7 definitions


Shalankayana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śālaṅkāyana can be transliterated into English as Salankayana or Shalankayana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shalankayana in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Śālaṅkāyana (शालङ्कायन) is the Sanskrit name of one of Bharata’s sons, mentioned in the Nāṭyaśāstra 1.26-33. After Brahmā created the Nāṭyaveda (nāṭyaśāstra), he ordered Bharata to teach the science to his (one hundred) sons. Bharata thus learned the Nāṭyaveda from Brahmā, and then made his sons study and learn its proper application. After their study, Bharata assigned his sons (eg., Śālaṅkāyana) various roles suitable to them.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shalankayana in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sālaṅkāyana (सालङ्कायन).—A son of Viśvāmitra. He was an expounder of the Vedas. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 4, about this Sālaṅkāyana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śālaṅkāyana (शालङ्कायन).—A Kauśika Brahmiṣṭha.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 145. 113; Vāyu-purāṇa 97. 3.

1b) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 66. 72.

2a) Sālaṅkāyana (सालङ्कायन).—A Devata.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 72. 3.

2b) Of Kauśika gotra.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 91. 100.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Śālaṅkāyana (शालङ्कायन) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. XIII.4.51, XIII.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Śālaṅkāyana) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shalankayana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālaṅkāyana (शालङ्कायन).—m.

(-naḥ) 1. The name of a saint. 2. Siva'S attendant Nandi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śālaṅkāyana (शालङ्कायन).—[masculine] [Name] of a Ṛṣi, [plural] his race.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śālaṅkāyana (शालङ्कायन):—[from śālaṅka] m. (also written sāl) [patronymic] [from] śalaṅka [gana] nadādi

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Ṛṣi (son of Viśvāmitra; [plural] = Ś°'s, descendants), [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata; Pañcatantra]

3) [v.s. ...] of one of Śiva’s attendants, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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