Shadrasa, aka: Ṣaḍrasa, Ṣaḍ-rasa, Ṣaḍrasā; 6 Definition(s)
Shadrasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit terms Ṣaḍrasa and Ṣaḍ-rasa and Ṣaḍrasā can be transliterated into English as Sadrasa or Shadrasa or Sad-rasa or Shad-rasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) refers to “six flavours”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “[...] on Friday (Bhṛguvāra), for the sake of enjoyment of worldly pleasures, the devotee shall worship Devas with concentration. Brahmins should be propitiated with the cooked food consisting of six flavours (Ṣaḍrasa)”.
Note: The six flavours (ṣaḍrasa) are: (1) pungent, (2) sour, (3) sweet, (4) salt, (5) bitter and (6) astringent.Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) or simply Rasa refers to the “six kinds of tastes” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 36):
- madhura (sweet),
- amla, (sour),
- lavaṇa, (salty),
- kaṭu (acidic),
- tikta, (bitter),
- kaṣāya (astringent).
The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ṣaḍ-rasa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha
Languages of India and abroad
ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस).—m (S) The six-flavors or tastes; viz. sweet, sour, salt, pungent, astringent, bitter. Ex. ṣaḍrasa annēṃ parikara || pari tō jēvūṃ jāṇē kāya khara ||. 2 attrib. Exquisitely flavored; combining all the tastes in admirable proportion;--as a dish of food.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस).—m The six flavours, viz. sweet, sour, &c. a Exquisitely flavoured, combin- ing all the tastes in admirable pro- portion-as a dish of food.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) or Ṣaḍrasā (षड्रसा).—(m. pl.)
-ṣaḍrasam &c.) the six flavours taken collectively; see under रस (rasa).
Derivable forms: ṣaḍrasam (षड्रसम्), ṣaḍrasāḥ (षड्रसाः).
Ṣaḍrasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and rasa (रस).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
(-saṃ) The six flavours collectively.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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