Shadrasa, Ṣaḍrasa, Ṣaḍ-rasa, Ṣaḍrasā: 11 definitions

Introduction:

Shadrasa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣaḍrasa and Ṣaḍ-rasa and Ṣaḍrasā can be transliterated into English as Sadrasa or Shadrasa or Sad-rasa or Shad-rasa, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shadrasa in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) refers to “six flavours”, as defined in the Śivapurāṇa 1.14. Accordingly, “[...] on Friday (Bhṛguvāra), for the sake of enjoyment of worldly pleasures, the devotee shall worship Devas with concentration. Brahmins should be propitiated with the cooked food consisting of six flavours (Ṣaḍrasa)”.

Note: The six flavours (ṣaḍrasa) are: (1) pungent, (2) sour, (3) sweet, (4) salt, (5) bitter and (6) astringent.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Sadrasa (सद्रस) refers to “good emotions”, according to Sāhib Kaul’s Śārikāstrotra.—Accordingly, “[...] He who recites your syllable with pure heart and proper devotion, O Śārikā, which consists of abja and vaktravṛtta, in his mouth a fully developed voice stays, which has the beauty of unfolding through various good emotions (nānā-sadrasa). He who recites your syllable, consisting of abja and vaktravṛtta, and called asthyātmā, O Śārikā, is liberated in life and, enjoying supreme bhogas, will later dissolve in your state, O Bhavānī. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Ayurveda)

Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) or Ṣaḍrasanighaṇṭu is another name for the Abhidhānaratnamālā, a Sanskrit dictionary of materia medica in six chapters (skandhas), each corresponding to different Rasa.—The work is mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts [e.g., the Ṣaḍrasa-nighaṇṭu] and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) or simply Rasa refers to the “six kinds of tastes” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 36):

  1. madhura (sweet),
  2. amla, (sour),
  3. lavaṇa, (salty),
  4. kaṭu (acidic),
  5. tikta, (bitter),
  6. kaṣāya (astringent).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., ṣaḍ-rasa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस).—m (S) The six-flavors or tastes; viz. sweet, sour, salt, pungent, astringent, bitter. Ex. ṣaḍrasa annēṃ parikara || pari tō jēvūṃ jāṇē kāya khara ||. 2 attrib. Exquisitely flavored; combining all the tastes in admirable proportion;--as a dish of food.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस).—m The six flavours, viz. sweet, sour, &c. a Exquisitely flavoured, combin- ing all the tastes in admirable pro- portion-as a dish of food.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस) or Ṣaḍrasā (षड्रसा).—(m. pl.)

-ṣaḍrasam &c.) the six flavours taken collectively; see under रस (rasa).

Derivable forms: ṣaḍrasam (षड्रसम्), ṣaḍrasāḥ (षड्रसाः).

Ṣaḍrasa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and rasa (रस).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस).—n.

(-saṃ) The six flavours collectively.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaḍrasa (षड्रस):—[=ṣaḍ-rasa] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] m. the six flavours or tastes, [Catalogue(s)]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. having the six flavours, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] n. water, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Sadrasa (सद्रस):—[=sad-rasa] [from sad > sat] ([probably]) [wrong reading] for ṣaḍ-r, [Kāvya literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Shadrasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣaḍrasa (ಷಡ್ರಸ):—[noun] (pl.) the six flavours viz. salt, pungent, sweet, bitter, sour, astringent tastes.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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