Shadbhaga, Shash-bhaga: 10 definitions


Shadbhaga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग) or Ṣaḍaṃśa refers to “six-parts” (i.e., one-sixth) in Bhinna (“fractions”) and Bhāga (“unit fractions”), which refers to one of the twenty operations (logistics) of pāṭīgaṇita (“science of calculation which requires the use of writing material—the board”), according to Pṛthudakasvāmī’s commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta, a Sanskrit treatise on ancient Indian mathematics (gaṇita-śāstra) and astronomy from the 7th century.—In the Śulba, unit fractions are denoted by the use of a cardinal number with the term bhāga or aṃśa; thus pañcadaśa-bhāga (“fifteen-parts”) is equivalent to one-fifteenth, sapta-bhāga (“seven-parts”) is equivalent to one-seventh, and so on [e.g., ṣaḍbhāga].

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Shadbhaga in Ayurveda glossary

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग) refers to “one sixth measure” (of ingredients), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—The tenth Adhyāya prescribes antidotes for Rājilā snake venom.—According to the Kāśyapasaṃhitā verse X.21-24: “A detailed fumigation regimen is prescribed to be administered for the snake-bite victim either in the afternoon, dusk or evening or at all the three times either individually or with the following multiple ingredients [like one sixth measure of bark of Bakula] [...]”.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ṣaḍ-bhāga.—cf. dharma-ṣaḍ-bhāga (Sel. Ins., p. 348, text line 16), one-sixth of the merit for a pious work done by the subjects, which goes to the king. See ibid., p. 344, text line 3. Note: ṣaḍ-bhāga is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadbhaga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग).—m.

(-gaḥ) A sixth, a sixth part. E. ṣaṣ, and bhāga share.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग).—m. a sixth part, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 391.

Ṣaḍbhāga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms ṣaṣ and bhāga (भाग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग).—[masculine] a sixth part ([especially] of the produce of the soil, due to the king).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग):—[=ṣaḍ-bhāga] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] m. a sixth part ([especially] the amount of tax or of grain etc. taken in kind by a king; with [genitive case] or [ablative]), [Manu-smṛti vii, 131; viii, 308; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya; Harivaṃśa] etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍbhāga (षड्भाग):—[ṣaḍ-bhāga] (gaḥ) 1. m. A sixth part.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shadbhaga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadbhaga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣaḍbhāga (ಷಡ್ಭಾಗ):—[noun] (hist.) the sixth part of produce, income, etc. that one had to pay to the ruler as tax.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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