Shadava, Ṣāḍava: 13 definitions


Shadava means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣāḍava can be transliterated into English as Sadava or Shadava, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Ṣāḍava (षाडव) refers to hexatonic treatment in Indian music, and is one of the ten characteristics (gati) of the jāti (melodic class), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 28. It is also known as ṣāḍavagati or ṣāḍavasvara. Jāti refers to a recognized melody-type and can be seen as a precursor to rāgas which replaced them.

According to the Nāṭyaśāstra 28.95, “hexatonic treatment (ṣāḍava / ṣāḍavita) relates to six notes in a grāma. They are of fourteen kinds and have forty-seven subdivisions. These have been described before in their jātis and aṃśas”.

Source: Natya Shastra

Ṣāḍava (षाडव, “hexatone”).—One of the four classes of mūrchāna (melody).—Tānas consisting of six and five notes are respectively called hexatone (ṣāḍava) and pentatone (auḍavita). The hexatonic scale is known as ṣāḍava, ṣaḍavakṛta, ṣāḍavita or ṣāḍavībhūtā.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Ṣāḍava (षाडव) refers to “jellies prepared with fruit juices”, according to the Kaśyapasaṃhitā Kalpasthāna (Bhojana) 48, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—We can see the description of flowering and fruit bearing plants in Ṛgveda. But we come across the specific names of them only in the later Saṃhita and Brāhmaṇa literature. [...] Kaśyapa refers to a sweet liquid preparation from the juice of sour fruits such as tamarind, rose apple, parūṣakā and Citrus medica which is known as rāga. Black mustard was used to make it pungent and sugar candy to sweeten it. Jellies prepared with fruit juices were called ṣāḍavas.

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Ṣāḍava (षाडव):—Jam and jelly / squashes -

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Gitashastra (science of music)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (gita)

Ṣāḍava (षाडव) refers to one of the thirteen Jātis or “proper combination of two grāmas (in Indian music), according to the Kallinātha’s commentary Kalānidhi on the Saṃgītaratnākara.—In the Nāṭyaśāstra, jātis are broadly divided into two types viz., śuddhā and vikṛtā. The Saṃgītaratnākara also agrees on it. But in the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, the reference about the types of jātis is not found. The Saṃgītaratnākara accepts thirteen kinds of characteristic features of jātis. For example: Ṣāḍava, which is also accepted by the Nāṭyaśāstra.

context information

Gitashastra (गीतशास्त्र, gītaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of Music (gita or samgita), which is traditionally divided in Vocal music, Instrumental music and Dance (under the jurisdiction of music). The different elements and technical terms are explained in a wide range of (often Sanskrit) literature.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: BDK Tripiṭaka: The Susiddhikara-sūtra

Ṣāḍava (षाडव) refers to one of the various types of cakes mentioned in Chapter 12 (“offering food”) of the Susiddhikara-sūtra. Accordingly, “Offer [viz., ṣāḍava cakes], [...]. Cakes such as the above are either made with granular sugar or made by mixing in ghee or sesamum oil. As before, take them in accordance with the family in question and use them as offerings; if you offer them up as prescribed, you will quickly gain success. [...]”.

When you wish to offer food [viz., ṣāḍava cakes], first cleanse the ground, sprinkle scented water all around, spread out on the ground leaves that have been washed clean, such as lotus leaves, palāśa (dhak) leaves, and leaves from lactescent trees, or new cotton cloth, and then set down the oblatory dishes. [...] First smear and sprinkle the ground and then spread the leaves; wash your hands clean, rinse out your mouth several times, swallow some water, and then you should set down the food [viz., ṣāḍava]. [...]

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ṣāḍava (षाडव).—

1) Passion, sentiment.

2) Singing, music.

3) (In music). A Rāga in which six of the seven primary notes are used; औडवः पञ्चभिः प्रोक्तः स्वरैः षड्भिस्तु षाडवः (auḍavaḥ pañcabhiḥ proktaḥ svaraiḥ ṣaḍbhistu ṣāḍavaḥ) |

4) Confectionery, sweetmeats; Suśr.

Derivable forms: ṣāḍavaḥ (षाडवः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣāḍava (षाडव).— (derived anomal. from the nom. of ṣaṣ), m. 1. Sentiment. 2. Music.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣāḍava (षाडव).—[masculine] comfits with fruits.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śāḍava (शाडव):—m. = ṣāḍava, [Haravijaya] (cf. phala-ś).

2) Ṣāḍava (षाडव):—m. (cf. khāḍava and khāṇḍava) confectionery, sweetmeats, [Suśruta]

3) Name of [particular] Rāgas (also -rāga), [Saṃgīta-sārasaṃgraha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣāḍava (षाडव):—(vaḥ) 1. m. Sentiment; passion; singing, music.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shadava in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣāḍava (ಷಾಡವ):—[noun] (mus.) any of the rāgas, that have six notes in both ascending and descending orders.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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