Shadanana, Ṣaḍānana, Shash-anana, Shad-anana: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Shadanana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍānana can be transliterated into English as Sadanana or Shadanana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Shadanana in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन).—(Skanda)—born out of the left side of the belly of Umā;1 born at Śaravaṇa in Kailāsa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 30. 101; Matsya-purāṇa 158. 48-49; 160. 23.
  • 2) Vāyu-purāṇa 41. 37.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन) is the name of an Ayurvedic recipe defined in the fourth volume of the Rasajalanidhi (chapter 2, dealing with jvara: fever). These remedies are classified as Iatrochemistry and form part of the ancient Indian science known as Rasaśāstra (medical alchemy). However, as an ayurveda treatment, it should be taken twith caution and in accordance with rules laid down in the texts.

Accordingly, when using such recipes (e.g., ṣaḍānana-rasa): “the minerals (uparasa), poisons (viṣa), and other drugs (except herbs), referred to as ingredients of medicines, are to be duly purified and incinerated, as the case may be, in accordance with the processes laid out in the texts.” (see introduction to Iatro chemical medicines)

Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Shadanana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन) refers to “one who has six faces”, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Pūrṇagiri) is on the northern peak of Kailāśa and is full of countless flames. [...] That divine city of the supreme Lord is made of pillars of adamantine. It is surrounded by temple arches and palaces of the Fire of Time. It is filled with many forms and adorned with knowledge and (divine) qualities. Possessing many wonders, it is life itself in the triple universe. (All) this is filled by it and so it is called ‘Full’ (pūrṇa i.e. Pūrṇagiri). (The Fire of Time) has seven tongues (of flame); (his) form is Time and has six faces [i.e., ṣaḍānana]. Possessing the Full Moon, (he) is beautiful. (He is) the Great Vitality, holds a spear and brings about creation and destruction”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Shadanana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन) or Ṣaṇmukha refers to “the six-faced God” and is used as an epithet for Skanda.—Cf. Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra (chapter IV).—In Brahmanism, [Kumāra] is the god Skanda (cf. Hopkins, Epic Mythology, p. 227–231). God of war, he is Sanatkumāra, ‘Ever youthful’, one of Brahmā’s sons (Mahābhārata, 12, 37, 12). In the eulogy to Śiva (ibid., 13, 14, v. 378), he appears beside Umā, seated on a peacock and holding a bell and a spear. His birth is told in the Mahābhārata, 9, 43–46. Nursed by the Kṛttikās (Pleiades), he developed six mouths in order to suckle them, hence his epithet of the six-faced god (ṣaḍānana, ṣaṇmukha).

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadanana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ṣaḍānana (षडानन).—a S Having six faces or sides.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

ṣaḍānana (षडानन).—a Having six faces or sides.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadanana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन).—m.

(-naḥ) Kartikeya. E. ṣaṣ six, and ānana a face; having six faces, four directed to the four cardinal points, and two to the zenith and nadir, according to some accounts, though not generally so represented.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन).—1. [substantive] six mouths (only °—).

--- OR ---

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन).—2. [adjective] having six mouths (Skanda).

--- OR ---

Sadānana (सदानन).—[adjective] fair-faced.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ṣaḍānana (षडानन):—[=ṣaḍ-ānana] [from ṣaḍ > ṣaṣ] ([in the beginning of a compound]) six mouths or six faces, [Raghuvaṃśa]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. six-mouthed, six-faced

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Skanda, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara; Mārkaṇḍeya-purāṇa]

4) Sadānana (सदानन):—[=sad-ānana] [from sad > sat] mfn. fair-faced, [Kirātārjunīya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ṣaḍānana (षडानन):—[ṣaḍā+nana] (naḥ) 1. m. Kārtikeya, the six-faced one.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shadanana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Shadanana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ṣaḍānana (ಷಡಾನನ):—[noun] = ಷಣ್ಮುಖ [shanmukha].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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