Shac, Ṣac, Śac: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Shac means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Ṣac and Śac can be transliterated into English as Sac or Shac, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shach.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Ṣac (षच्).—The compound-ending (समासान्त (samāsānta)) अ (a) added for the final of the words सक्थि, अक्षि (sakthi, akṣi) and दारु (dāru) standing at the end of a Bahuvrihi compound under specific conditions. e. g. विशालाक्षः,दीर्धसक्थः, द्व्यङ्गुलं (viśālākṣaḥ, dīrdhasakthaḥ, dvyaṅgulaṃ) (दारु (dāru)); cf. P. V. 4.113, 114.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śac (शच्).—1 Ā. (śacate) To speak, say, tell.

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Sac (सच्).—1 Ā., 3 P. (sacate, siṣakti) Ved.

1) To follow, pursue.

2) To go to.

3) To love, like.

4) To be obedient.

5) To honour, serve.

6) To assist, aid.

7) To be associated with.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śac (शच्).—r. 1st cl. (śacate) To speak articulatey, to say or tell. (i) śaci r. 1st cl. (śañcate) To go, to move.

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Ṣac (षच्).—r. 1st cl. (sacate) 1. To wet, to moisten, to sprinkle. 2. To serve, to gratify by service. (sacati) 1. To be connected. 2. To understand thoroughly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śac (शच्).—I. 1, [Ātmanepada.] To speak (cf. śak).

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Sac (सच्).—i. 1, [Ātmanepada.], and [Parasmaipada.] [Ātmanepada.]; ved. ii. 3, siṣac and saśc (i. e. sasac), 1. To follow. 2. To obey. 3. To favour. 4. To honour, Chr. 291, 12 = [Rigveda.] i. 64, 12. 5. To cause to flow, Chr. 296, 9 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 9. Comp. ptcple. of the pres. a-saścant and a-saścat (Not obeying, not ceding), not ceasing, inexhaustible, Chr. 296, 2 = [Rigveda.] i. 112, 2.

— Cf. [Latin] sequi, secundus, secus, sequior, sacer; (for = ved. saśc),

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sac (सच्).—sacate (sacati), siṣakti, saścaci (saścacite) be united, have intercourse with, deal with, be possessed of or obnoxious to ([instrumental]); belong, be attached or devoted to, attend on, accompany, follow, pursue, visit ([accusative]); help to ([dative]); stay or be in ([locative]).

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Sāc (साच्).—bend or press together.

Sāc is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and ac (अच्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śac (शच्):—[class] 1. [Ātmanepada] śacate, to be strong etc. (in this sense a collateral form of √śak);

—to speak out, speak, say, tell, [Dhātupāṭha vi, 4.]

2) Ṣac (षच्):—ṣag, ṣagh, ṣac etc. See √sag etc.

3) Sac (सच्):—1. sac (connected with √2. sajj, sañj, sakh; cf.sap) [class] 1. [Ātmanepada] ([Dhātupāṭha vi, 2]) sacate (in, [Ṛg-veda] also [Parasmaipada] sacati and siṣakti, 2. sg. saścasi, 3. [plural] saścati, 2. 3. [plural] saścata, 1. sg. [Ātmanepada] saśce; p. sacamāna, sacāna and saścat or saścat q.v.; [perfect tense] [Vedic or Veda] saścima, saścuḥ; [Ātmanepada] saścire, [Ṛg-veda]; secire, [Atharva-veda]; [Aorist] 3. [plural] asakṣata, [Ṛg-veda]; sakṣat, sakṣata, sakṣante, sakṣīmahi, [ib.]; asaciṣṭa [grammar]; [future] sacitā, saciṣyate, [ib.]; [infinitive mood] sacadhyai, [Ṛg-veda]),

—to be associated or united with, have to do with, be familiar with, associate one’s self with ([instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];—be possessed of, enjoy ([instrumental case] or [accusative]), [ib.];

—to take part or participate in, suffer, endure ([instrumental case]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to belong to, be attached or devoted to, serve, follow, seek, pursue, favour, assist ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā];

—to he connected with ([instrumental case]), [Patañjali on Pāṇini 1-4, 51];

—to fall to the lot of ([accusative]), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa];

—to be together, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda];

— (siṣakti), to go after, follow, accompany, adhere or be attached to ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda];

—to help any one to anything (two [dative case]), [ib.];

—to abide in ([locative case]), [ib.];

— (3. [plural] saścati and saścata), to follow, obey, [Ṛg-veda];

—to belong to ([accusative]), [ib.];

—to be devoted to or fond of ([accusative]), [ib.]

4) cf. [Greek] ἕπομαι; [Latin] sequor; [Lithuanian] sekú.

5) 2. sac (ifc. strong form sāc), in apatya-, ayajñasac, āyu-ṣak etc. (qq.vv.)

6) 3. sac = √sañj in ā-√sac, to adhere to, [Maitrāyaṇī-saṃhitā; Kāṭhaka]

7) [from sat] a in [compound] for sat.

8) Sāc (साच्):—strong form of 2. sac (q.v.)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śac (शच्):—(ṅa) śacate 1. d. To speak articulately. (ī) śaṃcate 1. d. To go.

[Sanskrit to German]

Shac in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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