Setavya, Setavyā: 5 definitions


Setavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A town in Kosala (D.ii.316), near which was Ukkattha.

The Anguttara Nikaya (A.ii.37) records a conversation between the Buddha and the brahmin Dona, whom the Buddha met on the road from Ukkattha to Setavya. The city was on the road, taken by Bavaris disciples (SN.vs.1012), from Savatthi to Rajagaha, and was the first halting place outside Savatthi. Beyond it were Kapilavatthu, Kusinara, Pava, etc.

To the north of Setavya was the Simsapavana, where Kumara Kassapa lived, and where he preached the Payasi Sutta to the brahmin Payasi, who held a royal fief there (D.ii.316).

The city was the birthplace of the Theras Ekadhammasavaniya and Mahakala. Mahakalas brothers Culakala and Majjhimakala also lived there (DhA.i.55).

The Anguttara Commentary (AA.ii.504) says that Kassapa Buddha was born in Setavya, but both the Buddhavamsa and its Commentary say that he was born in Benares (Bu.xxv.33; BuA.217). The Buddhavamsa Commentary (BuA.223) records further that Kassapa died in the Setarama in Setavya , but adds that Setavya was a city in Kasi.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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India history and geography

Source: Ancient Buddhist Texts: Geography of Early Buddhism

Setavya (सेतव्य) is the name of an ancient locality situated in Majjhimadesa (Middle Country) of ancient India, as recorded in the Pāli Buddhist texts (detailing the geography of ancient India as it was known in to Early Buddhism).—Setavya was a city of the Kosala country. In the Anguttara Nikāya we find that it is near Ukkaṭṭha, and that there was a road from Ukkaṭṭha to Setavya.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Setavya in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

setavyā : (f.) name of a town.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Setavya (सेतव्य):—a See [column]2.

2) [from setu] b mfn. to be bound or fastened together, [Nirukta, by Yāska xi, 31] [varia lectio]

[Sanskrit to German]

Setavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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