Senani, aka: Senānī, Senāni, Shenani, Sena-ni; 10 Definition(s)


Senani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Senāni (one of the aspects of Subrahmaṇya, according to the Kumāra-tantra) should also possess twelve arms and twelve eyes; the hands should have in them khaḍga, chakra, aṅkuśa, śakti, abhaya, śūla, varada, padma, daṇḍa and gadā.

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Senani in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Senānī (सेनानी).—(SENĀPATI). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed by Bhīmasena in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 54, Verse 32).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Senāni (सेनानि).—A commander-in-chief;1 an epithet of Skanda;2 a number of them in Bhaṇḍa's army; also Cāmunātha;3 of Tāraka;4 see Senāpati.

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 76.
  • 2) Ib. III. 42. 9.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 21. 76.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 148. 38;

1b) A name of Vighneśvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 69.

1c) A Rudra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 39.

1d) One of the seven Prāṇins of a king.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 70.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

Senānī (सेनानी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Senānī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Senānī (सेनानी, ‘leader of an army’) is the title of the royal ‘general’. He is mentioned in the Rigveda, where also the word is used metaphorically. He is also referred to in the Śatarudriya, as well as elsewhere in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās and Brāhmaṇas. He is one of the Ratnins of the king. Presumably he was appointed by the king, not by the people, to command in war when the king became too important to lead every little fray in person. In the Aitareya-brāhmaṇa this official is called Senāpati.

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

A wealthy landowner of Senaninigama; he was the father of Sujata. J.i.68; BuA.238.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Senani in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

senānī : (m.) a general.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Senānī, a general; only in cpd. °-kuṭilatā strategy (lit. crookedness of a general) DhsA. 151. (Page 723)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

śēṇaṇī (शेणणी).—& śēṇaṇēṃ Properly śēndaṇī & śēndaṇēṃ.

--- OR ---

śēnaṇī (शेनणी).—& śēnaṇēṃ See śēndaṇī & śēndaṇēṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Senānī (सेनानी).—m.

1) a leader of an army, commander, general; सेनानीनामहं स्कन्दः (senānīnāmahaṃ skandaḥ) Bg.1.24; Ku.2.51.

2) Name of Kārtikeya; अथैनमद्रेस्तनया शुशोच सेनान्यमालीढमिवासुरास्त्रैः (athainamadrestanayā śuśoca senānyamālīḍhamivāsurāstraiḥ) R.2.37.

Senānī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms senā and (नी).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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