Senani, Senānī, Senāni, Shenani, Sena-ni: 14 definitions



Senani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy

Senāni (one of the aspects of Subrahmaṇya, according to the Kumāra-tantra) should also possess twelve arms and twelve eyes; the hands should have in them khaḍga, chakra, aṅkuśa, śakti, abhaya, śūla, varada, padma, daṇḍa and gadā.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Senānī (सेनानी).—(SENĀPATI). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed by Bhīmasena in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 54, Verse 32).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Senāni (सेनानि).—A commander-in-chief;1 an epithet of Skanda;2 a number of them in Bhaṇḍa's army; also Cāmunātha;3 of Tāraka;4 see Senāpati.

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 29. 76.
  • 2) Ib. III. 42. 9.
  • 3) Ib. IV. 21. 76.
  • 4) Matsya-purāṇa 148. 38;

1b) A name of Vighneśvara.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 69.

1c) A Rudra.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 39.

1d) One of the seven Prāṇins of a king.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 70.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Senānī (सेनानी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Senānī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Senānī (सेनानी, ‘leader of an army’) is the title of the royal ‘general’. He is mentioned in the Rigveda, where also the word is used metaphorically. He is also referred to in the Śatarudriya, as well as elsewhere in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās and Brāhmaṇas. He is one of the Ratnins of the king. Presumably he was appointed by the king, not by the people, to command in war when the king became too important to lead every little fray in person. In the Aitareya-brāhmaṇa this official is called Senāpati.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A wealthy landowner of Senaninigama; he was the father of Sujata. J.i.68; BuA.238.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

senānī : (m.) a general.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Senānī, a general; only in cpd. °-kuṭilatā strategy (lit. crookedness of a general) DhsA. 151. (Page 723)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

śēṇaṇī (शेणणी).—& śēṇaṇēṃ Properly śēndaṇī & śēndaṇēṃ.

--- OR ---

śēnaṇī (शेनणी).—& śēnaṇēṃ See śēndaṇī & śēndaṇēṃ.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Senānī (सेनानी).—m.

1) a leader of an army, commander, general; सेनानीनामहं स्कन्दः (senānīnāmahaṃ skandaḥ) Bg.1.24; Ku.2.51.

2) Name of Kārtikeya; अथैनमद्रेस्तनया शुशोच सेनान्यमालीढमिवासुरास्त्रैः (athainamadrestanayā śuśoca senānyamālīḍhamivāsurāstraiḥ) R.2.37.

Senānī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms senā and (नी).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Senānī (सेनानी).—m. (-nī) 1. A general, the commander of an army. 2. Kartikeya, the military deity of the Hindus. E. senā an army, ṇī to lead, aff. kvip .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Senānī (सेनानी).—[senā-nī], m. 1. A general, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 69. 2. Kārttikeya, the god of war, [Kirātārjunīya] 15, 7.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Senānī (सेनानी).—[masculine] leader or chief of an army.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Senānī (सेनानी):—[=senā-nī] [from senā] m. ([nominative case] nīs; [dative case] [ablative] [plural] nibhyas; [grammar] also [accusative] sg. nyam; [locative case] nyām etc.) the leader of an army, commander, general, chief, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of Kārttikeya (god of war), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] of one of the Rudras, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śambara, [ib.]

5) [v.s. ...] of a son of Dhṛta-rāṣṭra, [Mahābhārata]

6) [v.s. ...] of a die (the head of a host of dice), [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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