Senani, aka: Senānī, Senāni, Shenani, Sena-ni; 10 Definition(s)
Senani means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Senāni (one of the aspects of Subrahmaṇya, according to the Kumāra-tantra) should also possess twelve arms and twelve eyes; the hands should have in them khaḍga, chakra, aṅkuśa, śakti, abhaya, śūla, varada, padma, daṇḍa and gadā.(Source): Wisdom Library: Elements of Hindu Iconograpy
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Senānī (सेनानी).—(SENĀPATI). One of the hundred sons of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. He was killed by Bhīmasena in the battle of Bhārata. (Mahābhārata Bhīṣma Parva, Chapter 54, Verse 32).(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia
1b) A name of Vighneśvara.*
- * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 44. 69.
1c) A Rudra.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 171. 39.
1d) One of the seven Prāṇins of a king.*
- * Vāyu-purāṇa 57. 70.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Itihasa (narrative history)
Senānī (सेनानी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.9) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Senānī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).
General definition (in Hinduism)
Senānī (सेनानी, ‘leader of an army’) is the title of the royal ‘general’. He is mentioned in the Rigveda, where also the word is used metaphorically. He is also referred to in the Śatarudriya, as well as elsewhere in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās and Brāhmaṇas. He is one of the Ratnins of the king. Presumably he was appointed by the king, not by the people, to command in war when the king became too important to lead every little fray in person. In the Aitareya-brāhmaṇa this official is called Senāpati.(Source): archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
A wealthy landowner of Senaninigama; he was the father of Sujata. J.i.68; BuA.238.(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Languages of India and abroad
senānī : (m.) a general.(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Senānī, a general; only in cpd. °-kuṭilatā strategy (lit. crookedness of a general) DhsA. 151. (Page 723)(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
śēṇaṇī (शेणणी).—& śēṇaṇēṃ Properly śēndaṇī & śēndaṇēṃ.
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śēnaṇī (शेनणी).—& śēnaṇēṃ See śēndaṇī & śēndaṇēṃ.(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
1) a leader of an army, commander, general; सेनानीनामहं स्कन्दः (senānīnāmahaṃ skandaḥ) Bg.1.24; Ku.2.51.
2) Name of Kārtikeya; अथैनमद्रेस्तनया शुशोच सेनान्यमालीढमिवासुरास्त्रैः (athainamadrestanayā śuśoca senānyamālīḍhamivāsurāstraiḥ) R.2.37.
Senānī is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms senā and nī (नी).(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Search found 7 books and stories containing Senani, Senānī, Senāni, Shenani or Sena-ni. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Mahabharata - First Book (by Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa)
Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra (by Gelongma Karma Migme Chödrön)
III. Superiority of the Bodhisattva over the other disciples < [Part 1 - Surpassing the high qualities of the Śrāvakas]
Part 8 - Origin of the name Ānanda < [Chapter VI - The Great Bhikṣu Saṃgha]
List of Mahabharata people and places (by Laxman Burdak)
The Mahavastu (great story) (by J. J. Jones)
Apadana commentary (Atthakatha) (by U Lu Pe Win)
Enlightenment after Defeat of Māra < [Part 2 - Discourse on the non-remote preface (avidūre-nidāna)]
The Buddha and His Teachings (by Narada Thera)