Senaka: 8 definitions



Senaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Senaka (सेनक).—Name of an ancient grammarian quoted by Panini in the rule गिरेश्च सेनकस्य (gireśca senakasya) P. V. 4.112.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Google Books: Hindu Ritual at the Margins

Senaka (सेनक), the sinful king of Niṣāda, one day went hunting in the forest. After a long day without any success, the king became exhausted with hunger. He climbed a tree for safety and, vecause of his anxious condition, stayed awake all night. The tree happened to be a bilva-tree (the trtee most sacred to Śiva) and, unbeknownst to the king, beneath it stood a Śiva liṅga. As the king moved a bout in the treem he accidentally knocked some leaves down on the liṅga. Later in the night, an arrow accidentally fell from the king’s quiver, and he jumped down to retrieve it. Feeling around on the ground in the dark while searching for the arrow, he crawled up to the liṅga and touched it lightly with his right hand. Once he located the arrow and returned it to his quiver, the king took out a container of water he was carrying to wash the dust from his body. As he opened the container, some of the water accidentally splashed onto the liṅga. Thus, this text informs us, the wicked king accidentally performed all aspects of the Śivarātri worship: while staying awake all night, he bathed the Śiva liṅga with water, offered it sacred bilva-leaves, prostrated before it, and touched it gently. (See the Garuḍa-purāṇa, 1.124)

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

1. Senaka. A minister of King Vedeha. See the Mahaummagga Jataka, a large portion of which is devoted to the battle of wits between Senaka and Mahosadha. Senaka once killed a courtezan in order to take her ornaments ( He is identified with Saccaka.

2. Senaka. The Bodhisatta, born as a brahmin; he was the minister of Janaka, king of Benares. See the Sattabhasta Jataka.

3. Senaka. The Bodhisatta, born as a brahmin; he was the minister of Madda, king of Benares. See the Dasannaka Jataka.

4. Senaka. King of Benares. See the Kharaputta Jataka.

5. Senaka. A monkey, born as the nephew of the Bodhisatta. See the Tinduka Jataka. He is identified with Mahanama the Sakyan. J.ii.79.

6. Senaka Thera. He was born in a brahmin family as the son of Uruvela Kassapas sister. Senaka heard the Buddha preach at the Gayaphagguna festival, was converted, entered the Order, and attained arahantship.

In the time of Sikhi Buddha he gave to the Buddha a handful of peacock feathers (Thag.vss.287-90; ThagA.i.388f). He is evidently identical with Morahatthiya of the Apadana. Ap.ii.403.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

senaka : (m.) a hawk.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Senaka, 2 =sena2 J. IV, 58, 291; VI, 246. (Page 723)

2) Senaka, 1 a carter ThA. 271 (=sākaṭika of Th. 2, 443). (Page 723)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Senaka (सेनक) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—a grammarian. Quoted Pāṇini 5, 4, 112.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Senaka (सेनक):—[from senā] m. Name of a grammarian, [Pāṇini 5-4, 112]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Śambara, [Harivaṃśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Senaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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