Sattvikabhinaya, Sāttvikābhinaya, Sattvika-abhinaya: 1 definition


Sattvikabhinaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[«previous next»] — Sattvikabhinaya in Natyashastra glossary
Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Sāttvikābhinaya (सात्त्विकाभिनय) refers to the “art of expression” (through acting out the different states of mind) and represents one of the four kinds of abhinaya (“histrionic representation”) as used within the classical tradition of Indian dance and performance, also known as Bharatanatyam.—The word sāttvika is derived from the word sattva which means “originating in the mind”. Sāttvikābhinaya is the art of expression through acting out the different states of mind. It is also defined as “abhinaya involving sāttvika-bhāvas”. Through mental concentration sattva is evolved. Thus, the mental involvement of the performer is brought out before the performer. The face reflects the mind of the performer.

In chapter 7 verse 145 of Nāṭyaśāstra, Unni says that not only the face, but also the whole body exhibits the sāttvika-bhāvas or “the mental or internal feelings”. This abhinaya is said to be the most difficult one, yet it is the most important mode of dramatic representation. Sāttvikābhinaya and āṅgikābhinaya always go together, that is, the mental emotions of the character are expressed through the physical actions. The Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 7, titled Bhāvavyanjaka (the exposition of emotion), explains sāttvikābhinaya in detail. Sāttvikābhinaya includes bhāva and rasa.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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