Satkaryavada, Satkarya-vada, Satkāryavāda: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Satkaryavada means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Samkhya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Samkhya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: A study of Nyāya-vaiśeṣika categories (samkhya)

Satkāryavāda (सत्कार्यवाद) refers to one of the philosophical systems regarding the cause and effect relation prevalent in Ancient India.—Satkāryavāda is upheld by the Sāṃkhya-Yoga and Advaita Vedānta philosophers. According to Satkāryavāda the effect already exists in the cause in a potential condition. So, it is not basically new creation and different from the material cause. But effect is only an explicit manifestation of that which are contained in its material cause. For example, a pot is not different from the clay, a cloth is not different from the threads.

There are two divisions of Satkāryavāda—a) Pariṇāmavāda and b) Vivartavāda. They are called to be Pariṇāmavādins, who believes that the effect is a real transformation of its cause, but who believes that the effect is unreal, they are Vivartavādins. Sāṃkhya-Yoga’s view is known as Prakṛti-Pariṇāmavāda, Rāmānuja’s view is known as Brahma-Pariṇāmavāda, Śaṃkara is Vivartavādin.

It is the Sāṃkhyas who have actually established the theory satkāryavāda by different arguments. Īśvaṛakṛṣṇa has discussed the theory of satkāryavāda in his Sāṃkhyakārikā. He gives five arguments to prove this theory. The five arguments are discussed here as follows:

  1. asadakaranād,
  2. upādāna-grahaṇāt,
  3. sarvasambhavābhāvāt,
  4. śaktasya-śakyakaraṇāt,
  5. kāraṇabhāvāt.
Source: krindology.com: Dignāga’s Critical Issues against the Sāṃkhya Definition of Perception (s)

Satkāryavāda (सत्कार्यवाद, “form”)  refers to the Sāṃkhya’s concept of causation.—Satkāryavāda (the doctrine that the effect pre-exists in its cause), presents the three fundamental qualities (i.e. triguṇa) as the grounds for an argument by asserting that the diversity of the phenomenal world is also nothing but the transformation of the three qualities according to the relative superiority or inferiority among their forces. In this case, an aspect of superiority or inferiority among the three qualities is expressed in the concept of saṃsthāna.

Samkhya book cover
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Samkhya (सांख्य, Sāṃkhya) is a dualistic school of Hindu philosophy (astika) and is closeley related to the Yoga school. Samkhya philosophy accepts three pramanas (‘proofs’) only as valid means of gaining knowledge. Another important concept is their theory of evolution, revolving around prakriti (matter) and purusha (consciousness).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Satkāryavāda (सत्कार्यवाद):—The ideology which belives that the effect is always resides in cause even before its manifestation

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Kavyashastra (science of poetry)

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Kavyashastra glossary
Source: DASH: The Theology of Literary Emotions in Medieval Kashmir

Satkāryavāda (सत्कार्यवाद) refers to a theory which holds that “effects always pre-exist in their causes”.—Dhvani was so important to Ānandavardhana that his text, Dhvanyāloka, is named after it.—The idea that curds are a manifestation of a potential latent in milk is a typical example used by proponents of a theory called satkāryavāda, which holds that effects always pre-exist in their causes. [...] So although Ānandavardhana was not a satkāryavādin, the ideas he uses in his text are very closely related to satkāryavāda, and practically require the question to be addressed if a commentator is to engage seriously with the work and try to expand on it.

Kavyashastra book cover
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Kavyashastra (काव्यशास्त्र, kāvyaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian tradition of poetry (kavya). Canonical literature (shastra) of the includes encyclopedic manuals dealing with prosody, rhetoric and various other guidelines serving to teach the poet how to compose literature.

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Nyaya (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Nyaya glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Comparative study of spiritual practices in Jainism and Patanjala yoga (Nyaya)

Satkāryavāda (सत्कार्यवाद) refers to a particular doctrine of “cause and effect”.—In Indian Philosophy, theory of causation has great significance. Satkāryavāda and asatkāryavāda are two prime doctrines. Satkāryavādins believe that effect is already present in the material cause prior to its origination and so not basically new and different from material cause, e.g. as milk is not any other material than milk, it gives rise to curd. Curd is already there in it in unmanifested form and takes the manifested form only when it changes its form different from milk. Asatkāryavāda on the other hand, maintains that effect, prior to its origination, is not there in material cause. Curd is not milk and as it is different, and it is not there prior to its production. Purpose of curd is not served by milk.

This cause and effect relationship is very well explained in details here in Nyāya darśana as compared to similar theories of Jainism, Buddhism and Mimamsa. The prominent defect of Nyāya darśana is that it believes consciousness as accidental character of ātman, as free soul is unconsciousness. Many have criticized their theory of mokṣa, as “mokṣa of Nyāya is a word without any meaning”.

Nyaya book cover
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Nyaya (न्याय, nyaya) refers to a school of Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. The Nyaya philosophy is known for its theories on logic, methodology and epistemology, however, it is closely related with Vaisheshika in terms of metaphysics.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Hinduism glossary
Source: India Netzone: Indian Philosophy

Satkaryavada is a hypothesis according to which the effect pre-exists in a potential state. The causal process involves a modification of a stable underlying reality. The effect is not produced as a reality that is distinct from its underlying cause. It is a specific rearrangement of that causal substrate.

The Samkhya system is based on the principle of Satkaryavada. The effect pre-exists in the cause here. Cause and effect are seen as temporal aspects of the same thing. It is considered as theory of existent causes. The effect lies latent in the cause which in turn seeds the next effect. It maintains that effect is real. Before its manifestation it is present cause in a potential form.

According to Satkaryavada principle the cause is hidden inside the effect. This effect exists due to several reasons-

  1. what is nonexistent cannot be produced;
  2. for producing a specific material cause is resorted to;
  3. everything cannot be produced;
  4. a specific material cause is capable of producing a specific product alone that effect;
  5. there is a particular cause for a particular effect.

Adi Sankaracharya found Satkaryavada as a useful tool against the doctrine of Annica or momentariness. Two branches of Satkaryavada are vivartavada and parinamavada.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Satkāryavāda (सत्कार्यवाद):—[=sat-kārya-vāda] [from sat-kārya > sat] m. (or -siddhānta m., [Kapila]) the doctrine of the actual existence of an effect (in its cause), [Bādarāyaṇa’s Brahma-sūtra [Scholiast or Commentator]]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Satkaryavada in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Satkāryavāda (ಸತ್ಕಾರ್ಯವಾದ):—[noun] (phil.) the doctrine that the cause transforms itself into the effect.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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