Satavahana, Sātavāhana, Shatavahana, Śātavāhana: 11 definitions

Introduction

Satavahana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śātavāhana can be transliterated into English as Satavahana or Shatavahana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satavahana in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन) is the name of a king under whom Guṇāḍhya served, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara chapter 6. Guṇāḍhya was the incarnation of Mālyavān, friend of Puṣpadanta, who is a subordinate of Śiva. They were both cursed by Pārvatī to become mortals after Puṣpadanta overheard Śiva narrating the adventures of the seven Vidyādharas.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Sātavāhana, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन) is the name of an important person (viz., an Ācārya or Kavi) mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—A king of Kuntala and famous poet of Sanskrit literature. He is known by the name Hāla, the author of Gāthāsaptasatī.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satavahana in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन).—A King. Guṇāḍhya, author of Bṛhatkathā was a minister of this King. (See under Guṇāḍhya).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satavahana in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन).—According to scholars such as Moriz Winternitz and K. R. Subramanian, Shalivahana is same as Satavahana, and was a generic family name or title of the Satavahana kings. According to D. C. Sircar, the legendary "Shalivahana" was based on the exploits of multiple Satavahana kings; the legendary Vikramaditya was also based on multiple kings, and the distinction between these individual kings was lost over time.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satavahana in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A king. It is said that, (DA.i.303; is this Satavahana the king of the Kathasaritsagara i.32?) when Anathapindikas family fell into poverty, owing to the alms given by him, a girl of the family, wishing to give alms, went to Satavahanas kingdom, swept a threshing floor and gave alms with the money so obtained. A monk told this to the king, who sent for the girl and made her his chief queen. v.l. Setavahana.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Satavahana in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Sum Jaina Canonical Sutras (vividhatirthakalpa)

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन).—One day the widowed sister of two Brahmins went to the Godāvarī to fetch water, when nāgarāja captivated by her beauty forcibly outraged her modesty in the form of a human being. She became pregnant and gave birth to a child who was known as Sātavāhana who defeated Vikramāditya of Ujjayinī and made himself the king of Pratiṣṭhānapura. Sātavāhana conquered many territories between the Deccan and the river Tāpti. He embraced Jainism, built a large number of caityas, and established the image of Mahālakṣmī on the bank of the Godāvarī.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)

Satavahana Dynasty:—The Sungas (187-75 BC) and Satavahanas succeeded the Mauryas in the North and the South respectively in about 200 BC The Satavahanas who ruled in the Deccan and the South had a long reign of about 400 years (circa 200 BC to AD 200). The fine workmanship of the carvers reveals the high standard of efficiency of these craftsmen. The metal images found at Buddham, Amaravati, Kolhapur show the high watermark of metal work in the Satavahana period. The Ikshvakus succeeded the Satavahanas towards the end of the 2nd century AD and they were great patrons of art. The metal work of their period was equally good as their stone carving.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Satavahana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śātavāhana (शातवाहन).—= शालिवाहनः (śālivāhanaḥ) q. v.

Derivable forms: śātavāhanaḥ (शातवाहनः).

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Sātavāhana (सातवाहन).—Name of king Śālivāhana.

Derivable forms: sātavāhanaḥ (सातवाहनः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन).—m.

(-naḥ) The sovereign Salivahana. E. sāta a Gandh'arba, changed according to the legend to a lion, on which this prince was discovered riding when a child, and vāhana a vehicle.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sātavāhana (सातवाहन).—[masculine] [Name] of a king.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śātavāhana (शातवाहन):—m. Name of a king (= śāli-vāhana), [Kathāsaritsāgara]

2) Sātavāhana (सातवाहन):—m. Name of a king (fabled to have been discovered, when a child, riding on a Gandharva called Sāta, who, [according to] to one legend, was changed into a lion; also = śāli-vāhana q.v.), [Harṣacarita; Kathāsaritsāgara; Rājataraṅgiṇī]

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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