Satagira, Sātāgira: 2 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Satagira means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A Yakkha. He and his friend, Hemavata, were two of the twenty eight leaders of the Yakkhas. They had both been monks in the time of Kassapa Buddha, but had been guilty of deciding wrongly in the dispute which arose between Dhammavadi and Adhammavadi, hence their birth as Yakkhas, Satagira in Satapabbata, and Hemavata in Himava. They recognized each other at the Yakkha assembly in the Bhagalavati pabbata, and promised to inform each other if, in their lives, they came across anything of interest.

When the Buddha was born and when he preached his first sermon, Satagira was present in the assembly, but, because he was constantly looking about to see if Hemavata was there, he could not concentrate his mind on the Buddhas teaching. When the sun set and the Buddha was still preaching, he went with five hundred of his followers to fetch Hemavata. At Rajagaha they met Hemavata, who was on the way to invite Satagira to Himava, which was covered with such flowers as had never before been seen. Satagira explains that the reason for this miracle is the appearance of the Buddha in the world, and, in answer to Hemavatas questions, declares the greatness of the Buddha.

Their conversation is found in the introductory gatha of the Hemavata Sutta (q.v.). Buddhaghosa says (SNA.i.199) that, according to some, this meeting took place, not on the occasion of the first sermon, but later, when the Buddha was living in the Gotamaka cetiya. Kali Kuraragharika, as she sat by her window cooling herself, heard the conversation of the two Yakkhas, and her mind being filed with devotion to the Buddha, as she heard his wonderful qualities being enumerated she attained sotapatti.

When Hemavata is satisfied, from Satagiras description, that the Buddha is really the Awakened One, he decides to go to him with Satagira. Together they go with their followers to Isipatana in the middle watch of the night, and Hemavata questions the Buddha about his teaching. Hemavata is, by nature, powerful and wise and filled with respect for the good, and the Buddhas marvellous exposition of the dhamma fills him with great joy. He sings the Buddhas praises in five stanzas, and, after taking leave of him and of Satagira, returns home with the promise that he will wander from place to place carrying the joyful news of the Buddha and his Dhamma among all beings. This story is given in the Commentary to the Hemavata Sutta; SNA.i.194 216; cf. AA.i.134f.

Later, when journeying through the air in various conveyances, on their way to the Yakkha assembly, Satagira and Hemavata and their followers were about to pass over Alavakas hermitage; but because the Buddha was then inside, the Yakkhas found that their conveyances remained stationary as no one could pass over the head of the Buddha. When they thus discovered his presence,

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sātāgira (सातागिर) or Sātāgiri is the name of a Yakṣa, according to the Suttanipāta and Udāna commentaries, as mentioned in an appendix of the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Sātāgira and Hemavata who were flying to an assembly of yakṣas were stopped in full flight and forced to land because, if they had continued on their route, they would have passed above the Buddha: cf. Commentary on the Suttanipāta, I, p. 221–223; Commentary on the Udāna, p. 64.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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