Sashtanga, Sāṣṭāṅga, Sashtamga: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Sashtanga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sāṣṭāṅga can be transliterated into English as Sastanga or Sashtanga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sashtanga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sāṣṭāṅga (साष्टाङ्ग) refers to the prostration-rite of “eight limbs touching the ground” and is mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 1.20, while explaining the mode of worshipping an earthen phallic image (pārthiva-liṅga) according to the Vedic rites:—“[...] the wise devotee shall then perform the Pradakṣiṇā (circumambulation) with the mantra ‘Mā No Mahāntam’ and the intelligent one shall perform Sāṣṭāṅga (eight limbs touching the ground) prostration with the mantra ‘Mā Nastoke’ etc.”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sashtanga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāṣṭāṅga (साष्टांग).—a (S sa With, aṣṭa Eight, aṅga Member.) With the eight members; consisting in the action of the whole body. The word is usually the epithet of namaskāra, praṇāma, and similar words; and in this conjunction it expresses Complete, perfect, profound (prostration, obeisance &c.) It is sometimes used as s n without the word namaskāra or praṇāma. v ghāla.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāṣṭāṅga (साष्टांग).—a With the eight members; complete (prostration).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sashtanga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāṣṭāṅga (साष्टाङ्ग).—[adjective] made with eight members (bow); reverential. [neuter] & pātam [adverb] (lit. by falling down with eight members) reverentially, humbly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāṣṭāṅga (साष्टाङ्ग):—[from sāṣṭa] mfn. performed with eight limbs or members (as a reverential prostration of the body so as to touch the ground with the hands, breast, forehead, knees, and feet), [Prabodha-candrodaya]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sashtanga in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sashtanga in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sāṣṭāṃga (ಸಾಷ್ಟಾಂಗ):—[adjective] performed with eight limbs or members (as a reverential prostration of the body so as to touch the ground with the hands, breast, forehead, knees, and feet).

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Sāṣṭāṃga (ಸಾಷ್ಟಾಂಗ):—

1) [noun] a reverential prostration of the body so as to touch the ground with the hands, breast, forehead, knees, and feet.

2) [noun] ಸಾಷ್ಟಾಂಗ ಬೀಳು [sashtamga bilu] sāṣṭāṃga bīḷu = ಸಾಷ್ಟಾಂಗಮಾಡು [sashtamgamadu]; ಸಾಷ್ಟಾಂಗಮಾಡು [sashtamgamadu] sāṣṭāṃga māḍu to prostrate the body reverentially so as to touch the ground with the hands, breast, forehead, knees, and feet.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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