Sarvashura, Sarvaśūra, Sarva-shura, Sarvasura, Sarva-asura: 4 definitions


Sarvashura means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarvaśūra can be transliterated into English as Sarvasura or Sarvashura, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvashura in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarvasura (सर्वसुर) refers to “all the gods”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.17 (“The dialogue between Indra and Kāmadeva”).—Accordingly, as Indra said to Kāma: “[...] O dear, the test of a real friend is in the time of distress and is also based on what he does behind the back. It is not otherwise. This is truth. Now that an adversity has befallen me, which cannot be thwarted [i.e., avārya] by anyone else, O dear friend, it shall be a test for you today. This is not a matter that brings pleasure to me alone. This is a matter that concerns all the gods and others too [i.e., sarvasura-ādi]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sarvashura in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Sarvāsura (सर्वासुर) refers to “all the Gandharvas”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after Vairambhaka spoke to the Bhagavān], “Then, having heard this voice, all the Devas, Nāgas, Yakṣas, Gandharvas, Asuras (sarvāsura), Garuḍas, Kiṃnaras, Mahoragas, humans and non-humans said, ‘Alas, alas, woe, woe, so bad that destroyers have arisen in the world’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvashura in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sarvaśūra (सर्वशूर).—name of a Bodhisattva: Kāraṇḍavvūha 1.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvaśūra (सर्वशूर):—[=sarva-śūra] [from sarva] m. Name of a Bodhisattva, [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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