Sarvapurusha, Sarvapuruṣa, Sarva-purusha: 4 definitions
Sarvapurusha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
The Sanskrit term Sarvapuruṣa can be transliterated into English as Sarvapurusa or Sarvapurusha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).
Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions
Sarvapuruṣa (सर्वपुरुष) refers to “all people”, according to Tantrālokaviveka commentary on the Tantrāloka verses 4.230ab-232ab.—Accordingly, “[‘If you argue that this Śaiva rule is invalidated by the Vedic one (vaidikī), (we reply:) why shouldn’t it be the other way around?’].—[...] Considering that one may object by asking how it is that both [śāstras] are equally real, given that in certain contexts the injunction(s) associated with purity and the like are invalidated, even though they apply universally, for all people (sarvapuruṣa), [Abhinavagupta] says: [‘If you think about it clearly, a rule that is an exception invalidates a rule generally applied, because it applies in a particular domain’]. [...]”.
Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture
Sarvapuruṣa (सर्वपुरुष) refers to “all men”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [when the Bhagavān reached the vicinity of the residence of Vaiśravaṇa], “[...] All people, women, men (sarvapuruṣa), boys and girls, cattle, horses, mares, buffaloes, elephants, camels, donkeys and so on became delighted by comfort. That lotus lake had an expansion of two yojanas and [a depth of] a fathom all around in the four directions. [...]”
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Sarvapuruṣa (सर्वपुरुष):—[=sarva-puruṣa] [from sarva] (sarva-) mfn. having all men etc., [Atharva-veda; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kauśika-sūtra]
2) Sarvapūruṣa (सर्वपूरुष):—[=sarva-pūruṣa] [from sarva] (sarva-) mfn. having all men etc., [Atharva-veda; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Kauśika-sūtra]
3) [v.s. ...] (a house) containing all men, [Hir.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
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