Sarvakama, Sarvakāma, Sarva-kama: 13 definitions


Sarvakama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarvakama in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम) refers to “whatever one desires”, according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 19.101cd-105ab, while describing the ritual that protect the king and his kingdom]—“Thus says Lord Siva, The Mantrin should worship Amṛteśa on all special occasions [and] on special dates in the form of Kāma [i.e., any deity that one wishes or is called for by a particular festival]. [He] shall always attain what he desires (sarvakāma). He should worship [Amṛteśa] in the form of Indra in order to achieve the protection of the population, to assure [an abundance of] grains of rice, for the sake of protection in respect to wives and offspring, for the prosperity of his kingdom and for royal victory”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvakama in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम):—Son of Ṛtūparṇa (son of Ayutāyu). He had a son named Sudāsa. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.9.16-18)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम).—Son of King Ṛtuparṇa. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम) refers to the “all desires”, which is mentioned as obtainable through the worship of Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.1.14:—“[...] with Nirguṇḍī flowers, his mind becomes pure in the world. A hundred thousand Bilva leaves used for worship will secure the fulfilment of all desires (sarvakāma)”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम).—The son of Ṛtuparṇa and father of Sudāsa.*

  • * Bha. IX. 9. 17-18; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 4. 39.

1b) An Uttama siddhi.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 36. 57 and 88.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarvakama in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम) refers to “all desires”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise which deals absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—The Amanaska referred to (or qualified) Samādhi with several terms, which are all negative; [e.g., it is devoid of all desire (sarvakāma);] [...] The fact that such terminology is found in the Amanaska indicates that descriptions of Śiva and the void-like meditative states in Mantramargic Śaivism, were the basis of the descriptions of Samādhi and Paratattva (the highest reality) in this treatise. The Amanaska Yoga was consistent with the Pātañjala Yogaśāstra’s definition of Yoga, yet it described Samādhi in terms different to those of Pātañjalayoga; such as Acala—“that which is devoid of all desire (sarvakāma)”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Sarvakama in Hinduism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम) is a Sanskrit word referring to one who desires material perfection.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम) refers to “all pleasure”, according to the Kalaśa Pūjā [i.e., Kalasha Worship] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Homage always to Vasundharā, enabling to cross an ocean of poverty, Goddess of the beloved art of worship, granting the success of Lakṣmī, [Recite Lakṣmī stotra] Śrī Lakṣmī, Mahādevī, bestowing success in everything, A goddess granting all pleasure (sarvakāma-pradā), Mahālakṣmī, I give homage”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Sarvakama in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम) refers to one of the various attendants of Kubera (king of the Yakṣas).—Kubera was the treasurer of Śiva and lord of the Alakā is several times referred to in early Hindu literature. His attendants were many and several of them are mentioned in a canonical text of the Jainas thus, [viz., Sarvakāma].

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvakama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम).—Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: sarvakāmaḥ (सर्वकामः).

Sarvakāma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarva and kāma (काम). See also (synonyms): sarvakāmada, sarvakāmavara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम).—1. [masculine] [plural] all wishes.

--- OR ---

Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम).—2. [adjective] wishing everything, also = sarvakāmika.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarvakāma (सर्वकाम):—[=sarva-kāma] [from sarva] m. [plural] all kinds of desires, [Mahābhārata; Rāmatāpanīya-upaniṣad] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. wishing everything, [Śāṅkhāyana-brāhmaṇa; ???; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] fulfilling all wishes, [Kauśika-sūtra; Mahābhārata]

4) [v.s. ...] possessing everything wished for, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Mahābhārata]

5) [v.s. ...] m. Name of Śiva, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Ṛtu-parṇa, [Purāṇa]

7) [v.s. ...] of an Arhat, [Buddhist literature]

8) Sārvakāma (सार्वकाम):—[=sārva-kāma] [from sārva] mfn. ([from] sarva-kāma) designed for one who wishes for all things, [Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarvakama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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