Sarvajnana, Sarva-ajnana, Sarvajñāna, Sarva-jnana, Sarvājñāna: 6 definitions


Sarvajnana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarvajnana in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Sarvajñāna (सर्वज्ञान) refers to “all knowledge” and is used to describe Goddess Tripurabhairavī, according to the Kulakaulinīmata 5.88-99.—Accordingly, “The goddess (Tripurabhairavī) is red like vermillion and the Bandhūka flower. [...] Endowed with all the ornaments, she sits on the lotus of the Void. Her mind blissful with wine, she is the Mother of great joy. Smiling gently she is the goddess who arouses the Triple World. She has four arms and three eyes. Possessing great power, she is supreme Śivā. O fair lady, an excellent and divine book full of all knowledge [i.e., sarvajñāna-maya] is in her left hand. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sarvajnana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sarvajñāna (सर्वज्ञान) refers to “(one who is) clever” (and perfectly wise), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Śiva said to the seven Sages: “O dear seven celestial sages, listen to my words. You are all my benefactors. You are clever and perfectly wise [i.e., sarvajñānasarvajñāna-vicakṣaṇa]. The great Goddess Pārvatī, the daughter of the mountain is performing a penance now in the mountain called Gaurīśikhara, with a steady mind”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarvajnana in Yoga glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (yoga)

Sarvajñāna (सर्वज्ञान) refers to “complete understanding” (of the triple body), according to the Amṛtasiddhi, a 12th-century text belonging to the Haṭhayoga textual tradition.—Accordingly, “Omniscience, which brings about complete understanding (sarvajñāna-avabodhaka) of the triple body, should be known by the knowledgable to be the mark of he whose mind has been mastered”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sarvajnana in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

1) Sarvajñāna (सर्वज्ञान) refers to “omniscience”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “The great vehicle (mahāyāna) is made with four wheels (cakra), namely with the means of attraction, the spokes (ara) are well fitted as the roots of good have been transformed with intention, [...] Therefore, good men (satpuruṣa), since the Bodhisatva enters on the supramundane way (lokottaramārga) after having put on the armour, he appears to many beings, performing the deeds of the Buddha (buddhakārya), even without obtaining omniscience (sarvajñāna)”

2) Sarvājñāna (सर्वाज्ञान) refers to “(the vice of) all ignorance”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā.—Accordingly, “Then, the Lord went on to speak these verses: ‘[...] (74) By means of skill in meditation (dhyāna) and the supernormal knowledge of magical power (ṛddhi-abhijñā), they go to a great number of millions of Buddha-fields (buddhakṣetra) to make offerings to innumerable Buddhas, with a mind removed from the vice of all ignorance (sarvājñāna-kleśa). [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarvajnana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sarvajñāna (सर्वज्ञान):—[=sarva-jñāna] [from sarva] n. ‘all-knowledge’, Name of a Tantra [work]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a deity, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sarvajnana in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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