Sarpasana, Sarpāsana, Sarpa-asana, Sarpashana, Sarpāśana, Sarpa-ashana: 6 definitions



Sarpasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Sarpāśana can be transliterated into English as Sarpasana or Sarpashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Sarpasana in Yoga glossary
Source: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Sarpāsana (सर्पासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 12 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Lie on the stomach keeping the navel on the ground. Support thebody with the two hands like posts and then whistle. This is sarpāsana, the serpent”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (e.g., sarpa-āsana) and several additional ones.

This āsana is called bhujaṅgāsana in Iyengar which means the same thing. It is described in Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II. 42-43.

Sarpāsana (सर्पासन) is also mentioned in verse 42:—“Lie on the stomach and place the hands by the hips. Stretch the legs back together and wriggle forward like a snake. This is sarpāsana, the snake”.

This name is not known in Iyengar but there is an āsana with a name of the same meaning, namely, bhujaṅgāsana. This may be referred to in the Mallapurāṇa as bhujāsana, that being from a corrupt text. Bhujaṅgāsana is also found in Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.42. The form as shown here is not found in Iyengar and other places.

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context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sarpasana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sarpāśana (सर्पाशन).—a peacock.

Derivable forms: sarpāśanaḥ (सर्पाशनः).

Sarpāśana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sarpa and aśana (अशन).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpāśana (सर्पाशन).—m.

(-naḥ) A peacock. E. sarpa a snake and aśana food: see the last.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpāśana (सर्पाशन):—[from sarpa] m. ‘sn°-eater’, a peacock, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sarpāśana (सर्पाशन):—[sarpā+śana] (naḥ) 1. m. A peacock.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Sarpāśana (सर्पाशन):—(sarpa + a) m. Pfau (Schlangenverzehrer) [Halāyudha 2, 86.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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