Sarayaniya, Sārāyaṇīya: 2 definitions


Sarayaniya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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[«previous next»] — Sarayaniya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sārāyaṇīya (सारायणीय).—(on [etymology] see below), (1) nt., hospitable entertainment, especially with food: °yaṃ karetsu (so mss., prec. by na) saṃbuddhasya punaḥ-punaḥ Mahāvastu i.304.5 (verse), (the villagers) gave entertainment to the Perfectly Enlightened One again and again (sc. with food, which they had pre- viously refused him); ṛṣiṇā tasya lubdhakasya °ṇīyaṃ kṛtaṃ, yathā ṛṣidharmo phalodakam upanāmitaṃ Mahāvastu ii.96.17; (2) adj., f. °yā (= saṃrañjana, °nīya, saṃraja- nīya; = Pali sārāṇīya, which Childers derives from the Sanskrit root smṛ, following standard Pali comms., e.g. Majjhimanikāya (Pali) commentary i.110.16 ff., ii.394.31 f., but this is certainly wrong; Kern, cited [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary], rightly regards [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] saṃrañjana, °nīya, as the true original; all forms can be derived from this; saṃ- gave sā-, and for -rañja- was substituted first *-rāja-, both by § 3.3, then -rāya-, as in [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit], § 2.34; finally in Pali this -rāya- was contracted to the single syllable -rā-, Pischel 149, 150, compare § 3.118, Geiger 20; the rare [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] saṃrajanīya, if not an error for saṃrañj°, may be derived from the unnasalized form of the same root raj), courteous, pleasing, polite, friendly: this form noted only in Mahāvastu iii.47.18 etc. (cited, with list of passages, s.v. saṃmodate; always °yāṃ kathām); in iii.394.14, however, mss. sāropaṇīyāṃ instead (Senart em.), and one of them also reads sāropayitvā for the following vyatisārayitvā. For other parallels see the equivalent words cited above.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sārāyaṇīya (सारायणीय):—m. [plural] Name of a school, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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