Saras, Sharas: 14 definitions


Saras means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Saras (सरस्) refers to “lakes”, according to the Skandapurāṇa 2.2.13 (“The Greatness of Kapoteśa and Bilveśvara”).—Accordingly: as Jaimini said to the Sages: “[...] [Dhūrjaṭi (Śiva)] went to the holy spot Kuśasthalī. He performed a very severe penance near Nīla mountain. [...] By the power of his penance that holy spot became one comparable to Vṛndāvana, the forest near Gokula. Its interior was rendered splendid by lakes, ponds, reservoirs [i.e., saras-taḍāga-sarasī] and rivers. It was full of different kinds of trees and creepers (laden) with fruits and flowers of all seasons. It was resonant with the humming sounds of bees inebriated with honey. It was full of different kinds of flocks of birds. It was a comfortable place of resort for all creatures. [...]”.

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saras (सरस्) refers to “lakes”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.22. Accordingly as Śiva said to Sitā:—“[...] O my beloved, beautiful woman, clouds will not reach the place where I have to make an abode for you. [...] O beloved, do you wish to go to the Himālayas, the king of mountains wherein there is spring for ever, which abounds in hedges and groves where the cuckoos coo in diverse pleasing ways and which contains many lakes (saras) filled with cool water and hundreds of lotuses”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saras (सरस्) refers to “rivers” [or “deep lakes”?], according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—Accordingly, “(Jālandhara) is in the southern corner of (Kailāśa). It shines (like) the moon and has the moon’s radiant lustre. Its form is that of the city of the Half Moon. It has deep lakes and rivers full of waves [i.e., sarit-sara-samāvṛta]. It contains the ocean of the six planes, and is fearsome (with the many great) waves that wash against its shores. That city of the Supreme Lord is on top of the lord of the principles. It is adorned with snow (white) moonstones and varied enclosing walls, archways, and palaces (aṭṭāla). It possesses many qualities and wonders. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Saras [सरस] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Albizia lebbeck Albizia lebbeck (L.)Benth. from the Mimosaceae (Touch-me-not) family. For the possible medicinal usage of saras, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Saras (सरस्) refers to a “(summer) lake”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 12), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The mighty ocean whose waters were swallowed by Agastya, exhibited gems that eclipsed the splendour of the crowns of the Devas [...] It exhibited whales, water elephants, rivers and gems scattered over its bed, and, though deprived of water, presented an appearance splendid as Devaloka. There were also seen, moving to and fro, whales, pearl oysters and conch shells, and the sea altogether looked like a summer lake [i.e., sarassarasaḥ śaradi] with its moving waves, water lilies and swans”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saras (सरस्).—n. [sṛ-asun]

1) A lake, pond, pool, a large sheet of water; सरसामस्मि सागरः (sarasāmasmi sāgaraḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.24.

2) Water.

3) Speech; cf. सरस्-वती (saras-vatī).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saras (सरस्).—nf. (-raḥ-sī) 1. A large pond or pool. 2. A piece of water in which the lotus grows or may grow. n.

(-raṃ) Water. E. sṛ to go, (into, to bathe or drink,) asun Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saras (सरस्).—i. e. sṛ + as (cf. sara), I. n., and f. . 1. A large pond, [Pañcatantra] 159, 14 (ras); [Kirātārjunīya] 12, 51 (rasī). 2. A piece of water in which the lotus grows. Ii. n. Water.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaras (शरस्).—[neuter] cream, the scum on boiled milk.

--- OR ---

Saras (सरस्).—[neuter] trough, bucket; pool, pond, lake.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaras (शरस्):—[from śara] n. cream, film on boiled milk, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. (ro-gṛhīta mfn. covered with a skin or film, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] a thin layer of ashes, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Āpastamba-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] [wrong reading] for saras, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) Saras (सरस्):—[from sara] n. ‘anything flowing or fluid’, a lake, large sheet of water, pond, pool, tank, [Ṛg-veda etc.] etc. a trough, pail, [Ṛg-veda]

5) [v.s. ...] water, [Naighaṇṭuka, commented on by Yāska i, 2]

6) [v.s. ...] speech (a meaning given to account for saras-vatī), [ib. i, 11.]

7) Sāras (सारस्):—(m.[case]) = 1. sārasa, the Indian crane, [Mahābhārata xiii, 736.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saras (सरस्):—[(raḥ-sī)] 5. n. 3. f. A large pond or pool. n. Water.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saras (सरस्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Sara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saras in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Saras in Hindi refers in English to:—(a) juicy; sweet; delicious, tasteful; relishable; hence ~[ta] (nf)..—saras (सरस) is alternatively transliterated as Sarasa.

2) Saras in Hindi refers in English to:—(nm) a species of heron, a crane..—saras (सारस) is alternatively transliterated as Sārasa.

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