Saraka, Sāraka, Sharaka: 17 definitions

Introduction:

Saraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saraka (सरक) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.81.62). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saraka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Sāraka (सारक) or Sārakasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (e.g., Sāraka-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Saraka in India is the name of a plant defined with Buchanania lanzan in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Buchanania latifolia Roxb..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora Indica (1832)
· Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences (1978)
· Quarterly Journal of the Mythic Society (1963)
· Taxon (1979)
· Journal of Tree Sciences (1984)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Saraka, for example chemical composition, extract dosage, side effects, diet and recipes, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saraka : (m.) a drinking vessel.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Sāraka, 3 in the comp. kaṭa-sāraka a mat J. IV, 248 (v. l.); IV, 474; V, 97 (cp. osāraka). (Page 705)

2) Sāraka, 2 (fr. sarati1) a messenger. (Page 705)

3) Sāraka, 1 (-°) (adj.) (fr. sāra) having as most essential Miln. 133; a-sāraka rotten (said of wood) J. II, 163. (Page 705)

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Saraka, a vessel, a drinking vessel J. I, 157, 266; IV, 384; DA. I, 134, 136; Mhvs 32, 32; DhA. II, 85; III, 7. (Page 697)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāraka (सारक).—n C A branch of the Palm called suramāḍa. Understood by many only of the base or stock-end of the branch; this being in constant use as an irrigating scuttle from a tank or pool. 2 The pendulous filaments of this tree.

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sāraka (सारक).—a (S) That purges, purgative-a medicine. 2 That pushes, drives, removes; that moves away or on.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāraka (सारक).—a Purgative. That pushes.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saraka (सरक).—[su-vun]

1) A continuous line of road.

2) Spirituous liquor, spirits; 'सरकं शीधुपात्रे स्याच्छीधुपाने च शीधुनि (sarakaṃ śīdhupātre syācchīdhupāne ca śīdhuni)' इति विश्वः (iti viśvaḥ).

3) Drinking spirits; चक्रुरथ सह पुरन्ध्रिजनैरयथार्थसिद्धि सरकं महीमृतः (cakruratha saha purandhrijanairayathārthasiddhi sarakaṃ mahīmṛtaḥ) Śiśupālavadha 15.8;1.12.

4) A drinking-vessel, wine-glass, goblet; प्रापि चेतसि सविप्रति- सारे सुभ्रूवामवसरः सरकेण (prāpi cetasi saviprati- sāre subhrūvāmavasaraḥ sarakeṇa) Śiśupālavadha 1.2.

5) Distribution of spirituous liquor.

-kam 1 Going.

2) A pond, lake.

3) Heaven.

Derivable forms: sarakaḥ (सरकः), sarakam (सरकम्).

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Sāraka (सारक).—a. Purgative, cathartic.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sāraka (सारक).—name of a hunter: Divyāvadāna 437.12 ff.; Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya i.126.18 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saraka (सरक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Going, moving, proceeding. mn.

(-kaḥ-kaṃ) 1. Spirituous liquor, especially distilled from sugar, rum. 2. Drinking spirits. 3. A drinking vessel. 4. Distribution of liquor. 5. A continuous line of road. n.

(-kaṃ) 1. A lake, a pool. 2. Heaven, sky. 3. Going. E. sṛ to go, Unadi aff. vun .

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Sāraka (सारक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) Purgative.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saraka (सरक).—i. e. sṛ + aka, I. adj. Going, moving. Ii. m. and n. 1. A continuous line of road. 2. Spirituous liquor. 3. Drinking spirits. 4. A drinking vessel. 5. Distribution of spirits. Iii. n. 1. Going. 2. A lake. 3. Heaven.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saraka (सरक).—[neuter] cup, pot.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaraka (शरक):—[from śara] mfn. ([from] śara) [gana] ṛtyādi.

2) Śarāka (शराक):—m. ([probably]) Name of a mixed caste, [Catalogue(s)]

3) Saraka (सरक):—[from sara] mfn. going, moving, proceeding, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] m. or n. a drinking vessel, goblet ([especially] for spirituous liquors), [Rāmāyaṇa; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] m. spirituous liquor ([especially] that distilled from sugar), rum, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] drinking sp° l°, [Śiśupāla-vadha xv, 114]

7) [v.s. ...] distribution of sp° l°, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a caravan, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [from sara] n. a pearl, jewel, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a pond, lake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] ‘going’ or ‘the sky’ (gamana or gagana), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] Name of a Tīrtha, [Mahābhārata]

13) Sāraka (सारक):—[from sāra] 1. sāraka mfn. ‘causing to go or flow’, cathartic, laxative, [Bhāvaprakāśa]

14) [v.s. ...] m. Croton Jamalgota, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

15) [from sāra] 2. sāraka mfn. (ifc.) full of [Kathāsaritsāgara]

16) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a man, [Divyāvadāna]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saraka (सरक):—[(kaḥ-kaṃ)] 1. m. n. Spirituous liquor; drinking spirits; distribution of liquor; continuous line of road. n. A lake; sky. a. Going, proceeding.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Śāraka (शारक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saraga, Saraya, Sāraya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saraka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saraka (ಸರಕ):—

1) [noun] a long and uninterrupted path, way.

2) [noun] a moving, wandering.

3) [noun] a pond or lake.

4) [noun] any spirituous liquor.

5) [noun] the act or habit of drinking intoxicating drink or drinks.

6) [noun] a cup or small container used to drink intoxicating drinks.

7) [noun] the act or an instance of distributing sprituous liquor.

8) [noun] the heaven, the abode of gods.

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Sāraka (ಸಾರಕ):—[noun] tending to make lax, esp. making the bowels loose and relieving constipation; laxative.

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Sāraka (ಸಾರಕ):—

1) [noun] the act or process of making or being made lax.

2) [noun] any laxative medicine; mild cathartic; a laxative.

3) [noun] a sweet, viscid fluid produced by bees from the nectar collected from flowers, and stored in nests or hives as food; honey.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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