Saptaparna, Saptaparṇa, Saptaparṇā, Sapta-parna: 21 definitions


Saptaparna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Saptaparna in Ayurveda glossary

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Alstonia scholaris R. Br.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning saptaparṇa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) or Saptaparṇaka refers to “seven leaves” (of a certain plant), according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Kāśyapa has recommended a slew of generic formulae that successfully neutralise rat poison.—According to Kāśyapasaṃhitā (verse 11.36cd-7ab): “A victim suffering from the debilitating effects of rat-poison must be given to drink a solution of seven leaves (saptaparṇaka) of tender Vanamālā, found in the weswtern direction, skin of Sahasrāṅghri and Kapittha, mixed with milk”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is a Sanskrit word referring to “dita”, a tropical tree from the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Saptacchada, or as Sattavaṇṇa and Sattivanna in the Prakrit language. It is used throughout Ayurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Alstonia scholaris but is commonly referred to in English as “Devil‘s tree”, “ditabark” or “milkwood-pine” among others. The compound Saptaparṇa is composed of the words Sapta (‘seven’) and Parṇa (‘leaved’).

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—The Sanskrit name for an important Ayurvedic drug.—Saptaparṇa is bitter, hot and pacifies kapha and vāta. It alleviates intermittant fevers, kuṣṭha and worms.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Alstonia scholaris (blackboard tree) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.

The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:

According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as saptaparṇa).”

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhist Teachers, Deities and other Spiritual beings

1) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is the name of a sacred mountain associated with Vanavāsin—one of the Sixteen Arhats (known in Tibetan as gnas brtan bcu drug) who were chosen by Buddha Shakyamuni to remain in the world and protect the Dharma until the arrival of the future Buddha Maitreya. They vowed to maintain the Dharma for as long as beings could benefit from it. These legendary Arhats [e.g., Vanavāsin on mount Saptaparṇa] were revered in countries such as China, Japan, India and Tibet—a tradition which continues up until this day, for example in Zen Buddhism and Tibetan art.

2) Saptaparṇā (सप्तपर्णा) refers to one of the female Śrāvakas mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Saptaparṇā).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Saptaparna in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

1) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Ajita are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.

Ajita is the second of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Jitaśatru and his mother is Vijayā, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).

2) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is the name of a big garden situated near big lotus-lakes in the vicinity of the four Añjana mountains, according to Jain cosmology.

The Añjana-mountains (and gardens such as Saptaparṇa) are situated in the southern direction of the central part of Nandīśvaradvīpa, which is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) and is mentioned in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

3) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) refers to the caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) associated with the Nāga or Nāgakumāra class of the bhavanavāsin species of Devas (gods), according to Jain cosmology. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.

Source: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (e.g., the Saptaparṇa tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Saptaparna in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Saptaparna [सप्तपर्ण] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br. from the Apocynaceae (Oleander) family having the following synonyms: Echites scholaris. For the possible medicinal usage of saptaparna, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Sapta-parna in India is the name of a plant defined with Alstonia scholaris in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Beluttakaka malabarica Kuntze (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Flora of the British India (1882)
· Annales du muséum national d’histoire naturelle (1810)
· World Checklist of Seed Plants. (1995)
· Journal of Ethnopharmacology (2005)
· Fitoterapia. (2003)
· Pacific Sci. (1949)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sapta-parna, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, side effects, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saptaparna in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—a S Septifolious, seven-leaved. 2 as s m A tree, Alstonia scholaris. 3 n A sweetmeat made of seven ingredients, viz. grape-juice, pomegranate-juice, date-juice, sugar, honey, ghee, spices.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saptaparna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—(so saptacchadaḥ, saptapatraḥ) Name of a tree.

-rṇī the sensitive plant.

Derivable forms: saptaparṇaḥ (सप्तपर्णः).

Saptaparṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and parṇa (पर्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—(°-) (in composition; = Pali Sattapaṇṇi, once at least with v.l. °ṇṇa, Dīghanikāya (Pali) ii.116.21), name of a cave at Rājagṛha: Mahāvastu i.70.15.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—mfn.

(-rṇaḥ-rṇī-rṇaṃ) Seven-leaved. m.

(-rṇaḥ) A tree, (Alstonia scholaris.) n.

(-rṇaṃ) A sort of sweetmeat, made of the expressed juice of the grape, pomegranate and date, with sugar, spices, honey, and Ghee. E. sapta seven, and parṇa a leaf.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—I. adj. seven-leaved. Ii. m. a tree, Alstonia scholaris, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] Anth. 25, 14. Iii. n. a sort of sweetmeat.

Saptaparṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and parṇa (पर्ण).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—[masculine] = saptacchada [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण):—[=sapta-parṇa] [from sapta > saptan] mfn. 7-leaved, [Horace H. Wilson]

2) [v.s. ...] m. Alstonia Scholaris, [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

3) [=sapta-parṇa] [from sapta > saptan] n. the flower of Alst° Sch° [Śārṅgadhara-paddhati]

4) [v.s. ...] a sort of sweetmeat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण):—[sapta-parṇa] (rṇaḥ-rṇā-rṇaṃ) a. Seven-leaved. m. A tree, Echites scholaris. n. A sweetmeat.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Chattivaṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saptaparna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saptaparna in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saptaparṇa (ಸಪ್ತಪರ್ಣ):—[noun] = ಸಪ್ತಚ್ಛದ - [saptacchada -] 1.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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