Saptaparṇa, aka: Saptan-parna, Saptaparna; 9 Definition(s)
Saptaparṇa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Ayurveda (science of life)
Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is a Sanskrit word referring to “dita”, a tropical tree from the Apocynaceae (dogbane) family of flowering plants. It is also known as Saptacchada, or as Sattavaṇṇa and Sattivanna in the Prakrit language. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Alstonia scholaris but is commonly referred to in English as “Devil‘s tree”, “ditabark” or “milkwood-pine” among others. The compound Saptaparṇa is composed of the words Sapta (‘seven’) and Parṇa (‘leaved’).Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany
Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—Saptaparṇa is bitter, hot and pacifies kapha and vāta. It alleviates intermittant fevers, kuṣṭha and worms.Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda
Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is a Sanskrit word, identified with Alstonia scholaris (blackboard tree) by various scholars in their translation of the Śukranīti. This tree is mentioned as having thorns, and should therefore be considered as wild. The King shoud place such trees in forests (not in or near villages). He should nourish them by stoole of goats, sheep and cows, water as well as meat.
The following is an ancient Indian horticultural recipe for the nourishment of such trees:
According to Śukranīti 4.4.110-112: “The powder of the dungs of goats and sheep, the powder of Yava (barley), Tila (seeds), beef as well as water should be kept together (undisturbed) for seven nights. The application of this water leads very much to the growth in flowers and fruits of all trees (such as saptaparṇa).”Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
General definition (in Jainism)
1) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is the name of the caitya-tree under which the parents of Ajita are often depicted in Jaina iconography, according to both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The term caitya refers to “sacred shrine”, an important place of pelgrimage and meditation in Jainism. Sculptures with such caitya-trees generally shows a male and a female couple seated under a tree with the female having a child on her lap. Usually there is a seated Jina figure on top of the tree.
Ajita is the second of twenty-four tīrthaṅkaras: enlightened beings who, having conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leave a path behind for others to follow. His father is Jitaśatru and his mother is Vijayā, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri).
2) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) is the name of a big garden situated near big lotus-lakes in the vicinity of the four Añjana mountains, according to Jain cosmology.
The Añjana-mountains (and gardens such as Saptaparṇa) are situated in the southern direction of the central part of Nandīśvaradvīpa, which is one of the continents (dvīpa) of the middle-world (madhyaloka) and is mentioned in ancient Jaina canonical texts dealing with cosmology and geography of the universe. Examples of such texts are the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition or the Tiloyapannatti and the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.
3) Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) refers to the caityavṛkṣa (sacred-tree) associated with the Nāga or Nāgakumāra class of the bhavanavāsin species of Devas (gods), according to Jain cosmology. They are defined according to the cosmological texts, such as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna in the Śvetāmbara tradition, or the Trilokasāra in the Digambara tradition.Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.
Different kinds of trees (eg., the Saptaparṇa tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—a S Septifolious, seven-leaved. 2 as s m A tree, Alstonia scholaris. 3 n A sweetmeat made of seven ingredients, viz. grape-juice, pomegranate-juice, date-juice, sugar, honey, ghee, spices.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—(so saptacchadaḥ, saptapatraḥ) Name of a tree.
-rṇī the sensitive plant.
Derivable forms: saptaparṇaḥ (सप्तपर्णः).
Saptaparṇa is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms saptan and parṇa (पर्ण).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Saptaparṇa (सप्तपर्ण).—(°-) (in comp.; = Pali Sattapaṇṇi, once at least with v.l. °ṇṇa, DN ii.116.21), n. of a cave at Rājagṛha: Mv i.70.15.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-rṇaḥ-rṇī-rṇaṃ) Seven-leaved. m.
(-rṇaḥ) A tree, (Alstonia scholaris.) n.
(-rṇaṃ) A sort of sweetmeat, made of the expressed juice of the grape, pomegranate and date, with sugar, spices, honey, and Ghee. E. sapta seven, and parṇa a leaf.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Search found 18 books and stories containing Saptaparṇa, Saptan-parna, Saptan-parṇa, Saptaparna; (plurals include: Saptaparṇas, parnas, parṇas, Saptaparnas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 14: His previous adventures in the forest < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Part 12: The seasons < [Chapter VII - Sanatkumāracakricaritra]
Appendix 3.1: additional notes < [Appendices]
Brihat Samhita (by N. Chidambaram Iyer)
Sushruta Samhita, volume 4: Cikitsasthana (by Kaviraj Kunja Lal Bhishagratna)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)
Chapter 41 - Putradā Ekādaśī < [Section 6 - Uttara-Khaṇḍa (Concluding Section)]
Chapter 77 - Yayāti Yields to Passion < [Section 2 - Bhūmi-khaṇḍa (section on the earth)]
Chapter 45 - The Manifesṭation of Narasiṃha < [Section 1 - Sṛṣṭi-khaṇḍa (section on creation)]
The Brahma Purana (by G. P. Bhatt)
The Garuda Purana (by Manmatha Nath Dutt)
Chapter CCXVII - Various Recipes for the cure of sterility, virile impotency, etc. < [Dhanvantari Samhita]