Saptama: 14 definitions

Introduction:

Saptama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)

Source: Wisdomlib Libary: Śikṣā

Saptama (सप्तम, “the seventh”) is the name of a note (svara) used by singers of the sāmas (religious songs from Sāmaveda), corresponding to the pañcama-svara of the flute, according to the Nāradīyā-śīkṣā 1.5.1. The Nāradīyā-śīkṣā is an ancient Sanskrit treatise dealing phonetics and musicology. Its proclaimed author is the Nārada.

context information

Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saptama (सप्तम).—The seventh of the vowels stated in the alphabet; a word used for the vowel r (ऋ) by ancient grammarians; cf. ओजा ह्रस्वाः सप्तमान्ताः स्वराणाम् (ojā hrasvāḥ saptamāntāḥ svarāṇām) R. Pr. I.14.

Vyakarana book cover
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Saptama in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Saptama (सप्तम) refers to the “seventh (year)” (of Yogic breathing exercises), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] In the seventh (saptama) year, he can leave the earth and in the eighth [year], the [yogic] powers [such as minimization, etc.,] arise for him. In the ninth year, he can move in the atmosphere, travel in [all] directions and has a body [as hard as] a diamond. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saptama (सप्तम) refers to the “seventh”, according to the Ṭīkā (commentary) on the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] He who is such, that is, the seventh (saptama) with respect to the mind which is the sixth of the group of five (senses) whose nature is the intellect and is the main (component of those six) is said to be Ṣaṣṭhanātha. Once he, Ṣaṣṭhanātha had known his own Vidyā, that is the Vidyā of the goddess called Aparā, he emerged and was known correctly. By whom? By that worshipper. With whom? Along with the Self. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saptama (सप्तम).—a (S) Seventh.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saptama (सप्तम).—a Seventh.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saptama (सप्तम).—a. (- f.) The seventh.

-mī f.

1) The seventh or locative case (in gram.).

2) The seventh day of a lunar fortnight. °समासः (samāsaḥ) a तत्पुरुष (tatpuruṣa) compound of which the first member is supposed to be in the locative case.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptama (सप्तम).—mfn.

(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Seventh. f. (-mī) 1. The seventh day of a lunar fortnight. 2. The locative case, (in gram.) E. saptan seven, ḍatam aff.; or saptānāṃ pūraṇaḥ maṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptama (सप्तम).—. i. e. saptan + ma, I. ord. num., f. , Seventh, Mahābhārata iv. [adhyāya.] 7; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 13, 12 (the seventh lunar mansion). Ii. f. , The seventh day of the fortnight, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 221.

— Cf. [Latin] septimus; .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptama (सप्तम).—[feminine] ī the seventh, [feminine] ī the seventh day in the half-month; the seventh case & his endings ([grammar]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saptama (सप्तम):—[from saptan] mf(ī)n. the 7th, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa etc.]

2) [from saptan] cf. [Zend] haptatha; [Greek] ἕβδομος; [Latin] septimus; [Lithuanian] sékma-s; [Slavonic or Slavonian] sedmŭ etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saptama (सप्तम):—[(maḥ-mī-maṃ) a.] Seventh. f. (ī) Seventh day of the fortnight.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saptama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saptama (ಸಪ್ತಮ):—[adjective] being seventh in a series.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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