Saptama: 13 definitions
Saptama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Shiksha (linguistics: phonetics, phonology etc.)
Saptama (सप्तम, “the seventh”) is the name of a note (svara) used by singers of the sāmas (religious songs from Sāmaveda), corresponding to the pañcama-svara of the flute, according to the Nāradīyā-śīkṣā 1.5.1. The Nāradīyā-śīkṣā is an ancient Sanskrit treatise dealing phonetics and musicology. Its proclaimed author is the Nārada.
Shiksha (शिक्षा, śikṣā) deals with Sanskrit linguistics and represents a branch of vedanga (vedic ancillary science). Shiksha deals with subjects such as phonetics, phonology, study of sound, letters of the Sanskrit alphabet and related topics. Much attention is also given to the study of recitation (patha) of Vedic verses.
Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)
Saptama (सप्तम).—The seventh of the vowels stated in the alphabet; a word used for the vowel r (ऋ) by ancient grammarians; cf. ओजा ह्रस्वाः सप्तमान्ताः स्वराणाम् (ojā hrasvāḥ saptamāntāḥ svarāṇām) R. Pr. I.14.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Yoga (school of philosophy)
Saptama (सप्तम) refers to the “seventh (year)” (of Yogic breathing exercises), according to the Śivayogadīpikā, an ancient Sanskrit text dealing with Yoga possibly corresponding to the Śivayoga quoted in Śivānanda’s Yogacintāmaṇi.—Accordingly, [while describing a sequence of Haṭhayoga practices]: “Thus, by means of this Haṭhayoga which has eight auxiliaries, those [students who are] life-long celibates obtain the Siddhis of the [best of Sages] because of their untiring practice. [...] In the seventh (saptama) year, he can leave the earth and in the eighth [year], the [yogic] powers [such as minimization, etc.,] arise for him. In the ninth year, he can move in the atmosphere, travel in [all] directions and has a body [as hard as] a diamond. [...]”.
Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).
Languages of India and abroad
saptama (सप्तम).—a (S) Seventh.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
saptama (सप्तम).—a Seventh.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Saptama (सप्तम).—a. (-mī f.) The seventh.
1) The seventh or locative case (in gram.).
2) The seventh day of a lunar fortnight. °समासः (samāsaḥ) a तत्पुरुष (tatpuruṣa) compound of which the first member is supposed to be in the locative case.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-maḥ-mī-maṃ) Seventh. f. (-mī) 1. The seventh day of a lunar fortnight. 2. The locative case, (in gram.) E. saptan seven, ḍatam aff.; or saptānāṃ pūraṇaḥ maṭ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saptama (सप्तम).—. i. e. saptan + ma, I. ord. num., f. mī, Seventh, Mahābhārata iv. [adhyāya.] 7; [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 2. ed. 13, 12 (the seventh lunar mansion). Ii. f. mī, The seventh day of the fortnight, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 221.
— Cf. [Latin] septimus; .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saptama (सप्तम).—[feminine] ī the seventh, [feminine] ī the seventh day in the half-month; the seventh case & his endings ([grammar]).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Saptama (सप्तम):—[from saptan] mf(ī)n. the 7th, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa etc.]
2) [from saptan] cf. [Zend] haptatha; [Greek] ἕβδομος; [Latin] septimus; [Lithuanian] sékma-s; [Slavonic or Slavonian] sedmŭ etc.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Saptama (सप्तम):—[(maḥ-mī-maṃ) a.] Seventh. f. (ī) Seventh day of the fortnight.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Saptama (ಸಪ್ತಮ):—[adjective] being seventh in a series.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with (+6): Saptama-cakravartin, Saptamabhaga, Saptamada, Saptamahabhaga, Saptamaithunasamyuktasutra, Saptamaka, Saptamakala, Saptamamsha, Saptamangalamahatmya, Saptamantra, Saptamanusha, Saptamapada, Saptamarga, Saptamarici, Saptamasa, Saptamasya, Saptamata, Saptamatana, Saptamatar, Saptamathamnayadashanamabhidhana.
Ends with: Ardhasaptama, Asaptama, Atmanasaptama.
Full-text (+13): Bhutasantapana, Saptamakala, Ardhasaptama, Atmanasaptama, Asaptama, Kalin, Saptama-cakravartin, Mat, Vayuskandha, Saptami, Barhanashva, Aniyama, Jamitra, Bhagana, Atmana, Labdha, Ashtadashapurana, Samtyaj, Cakravartin, Svara.
Search found 28 books and stories containing Saptama; (plurals include: Saptamas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verses 1.5.34-35 < [Chapter 5 - The Lord’s Appearance]
Bhajana-Rahasya (by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura Mahasaya)
Chapter 7 - Saptama-yāma-sādhana (Pradoṣa-kālīya-bhajana–vipralambha-prema)
Text 23 < [Chapter 7 - Saptama-yāma-sādhana (Pradoṣa-kālīya-bhajana–vipralambha-prema)]
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 1.2.3 < [Part 2 - Devotional Service in Practice (sādhana-bhakti)]
Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation) (by Swami Lokeswarananda)
Verse 8.7.4 < [Section 8.7]
Amarakoshodghatana of Kshirasvamin (study) (by A. Yamuna Devi)
Brihadaranyaka Upanishad (by Swāmī Mādhavānanda)
Section VII - Meditation on Brahman as Lightning < [Chapter V]
Section VII - Yajnavalkya and Uddalaka < [Chapter III]