Sapindikarana, aka: Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa, Sapindi-karana; 4 Definition(s)


Sapindikarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Sapindikarana in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa (सपिण्डीकरण).—The ceremony usually done on the 12th day of one's death; after this the dead person becomes eligible for pārvaṇa and the gṛhasta becomes eligible for performing nāndiśrāddha; in sapiṇḍīkaraṇa fresh invocation to the devas;1 leads up to the cleansing of the pollution.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 18. 15-17; Viṣṇu-purāṇa III. 13. 26.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 16. 58.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Dharmashastra (religious law)

Sapindikarana in Dharmashastra glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa (सपिण्डीकरण).—On the twelfth day (of ones death), a special ritual known as sapiṇḍīkaraṇa is performed. Piṇḍas are also offered on the day of sapiṇḍīkaraṇa. On taking this piṇḍa, the preta-śarīra becomes a pitṛ and can reach the world of ancestors. It is said that a deceased person cannot reach the world of ancestors with preta-śarīra. A preta eats food twice, on eleventh and twelfth days. If piṇḍas are not offered daily for the first ten days and if sapiṇḍīkaraṇa is not performed on the twelfth day, preta-śarīra, instead of entering into the world of ancestors, becomes a ghost and suffers.

Source: Manblunder: Garuda Purana series (dharmashastra)
Dharmashastra book cover
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Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sapindikarana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa (सपिण्डीकरण).—

1) The performance of a particular Śrāddha in honour of deceased relatives called सपिण्ड (sapiṇḍa) q. v., to be performed at the end of one full year after the death of a relative, but now usually performed on the 12th day after death as part of the funeral obsequies.

2) Giving a person the rights of a Sapiṇḍa or kinsman.

Derivable forms: sapiṇḍīkaraṇam (सपिण्डीकरणम्).

See also (synonyms): sapiṇḍana.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sapiṇḍīkaraṇa (सपिण्डीकरण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Offering food to the deceased relatives called Sapindas: to be performed at the end of a full year after the death of a relative; but can be performed on the twelfth day after death by Brahmins only, on some special occasions. 2. Investing a person with the rights of relationship, indicated by offering the funeral cake. E. sapiṇḍa, karaṇa making, cvi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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