Sapeksha, Sāpēkṣa, Sāpekṣa: 11 definitions


Sapeksha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Sāpēkṣa and Sāpekṣa can be transliterated into English as Sapeksa or Sapeksha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Sapeksh.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष).—With an expectancy in sense; although in grammar expectancy is at the root of, and forms a sort of a connecting link for, the various kinds of relations which exist between the different words of a sentence which has to give a composite sense, yet, if a word outside a compound is connected with a word inside a compound, especially with a second 50 or further member, the sense becomes ambiguous; and expectancy in such cases is looked upon as a fault; e. g. अप्रविष्टविषयो हि रक्षसाम् (apraviṣṭaviṣayo hi rakṣasām) Raghu XI. When, however, in spite of the fault of expectancy the sense is clear, the compound is admissible; cf. यदि सविशेषणानां वृत्तिर्न वृत्तस्य वा विशेषणं न प्रयुज्यते इत्युच्यते देवदत्तस्य गुरुकुलम् देवदत्तस्य गुरुपुत्रः,अत्र वृत्तिर्न प्राप्नोति। अगुरुकुलपुत्रादीनामिति वक्तव्यम् (yadi saviśeṣaṇānāṃ vṛttirna vṛttasya vā viśeṣaṇaṃ na prayujyate ityucyate devadattasya gurukulam devadattasya guruputraḥ, atra vṛttirna prāpnoti| agurukulaputrādīnāmiti vaktavyam) I M. Bh. on P II.1.1; cf. also the expression सापेक्षत्वेपि गमकत्वात्समासः (sāpekṣatvepi gamakatvātsamāsaḥ) often used by commentators.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

1) Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष) refers to “that initiation which is dependent” (postinitiatory practice), according to the Jñānaratnāvalī, (p. 266).—Accordingly, “Therein, now, [the initiation types] are twofold, [namely] dependent on [whether] there is a requirement to perfrom postinitiatory practice (sāpekṣa) or not; and [they are also twofold insofar as being] śivadharmiṇī or lokadharmiṇī. Here [in the category of the sāpekṣā-nirvāṇadīkṣā kind], the śivadharmiṇī is for ascetics and contains the cutting off of the topknot, while the other [initiation] is for householders and is without [cutting off the topknot]. [...]”.

2) Sāpekṣā (सापेक्षा) (corresponding to Sabījā) represents one of the two types of Naiṣṭhikī, according to the Mṛgendrāgama.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sāpēkṣa (सापेक्ष).—a (sa & apēkṣā) That has desire, want, or need of. 2 From accommodation of the above sense arises the sense Comparative or relative; also respective or referential; as arthasāpēkṣa, kāla- sāpēkṣa, dēśasāpēkṣa, avadhisāpēkṣa.

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sāpēkṣā (सापेक्षा).—f (A common but incorrect formation with sa & apēkṣā) Want, need, call, occasion; the having or the being of a desire or demand for.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sāpēkṣa (सापेक्ष).—a That has desire; want of; &c. Comparative. Relative.

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sāpēkṣā (सापेक्षा).—f Want, need.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष).—a.

1) Having regard to, dependent on, (usually in comp.).

2) Favourable, partial; सुकेशं प्रति सापेक्षः प्राह देवगणान् प्रभुः (sukeśaṃ prati sāpekṣaḥ prāha devagaṇān prabhuḥ) Rām.7.6.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष).—[adjective] having regard or respect for ([locative] or [accusative] [with] prati); requiring, presupposing, dependent on (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष):—mfn. having regard or respect to ([locative case] or [accusative] with prati), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) requiring or presupposing anything, dependent on ([compound]), [Kathāsaritsāgara; Sāhitya-darpaṇa; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Savikkha, Sāvikkha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sapeksha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sapeksha in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sāpekṣa (सापेक्ष) [Also spelled sapeksh]:—(a) qualified, conditional; relative; ~[] relativity; ~[vāda] relativism; theory of relativity; hence ~[vādī] (a and nm)

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Sāpēkṣa (ಸಾಪೇಕ್ಷ):—

1) [adjective] considered in relation to something else; comparative; relative.

2) [adjective] existing or having its specific nature only by relation to something else; not absolute or independent; relative.

3) [adjective] having or showing bias or prejudice; partial; biased.

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Sāpēkṣa (ಸಾಪೇಕ್ಷ):—[noun] = ಸಾಪೇಕ್ಷತೆ [sapekshate].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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