Sankshaya, Saṅkṣaya, Saṃkṣaya, Samkshaya: 12 definitions


Sankshaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit terms Saṅkṣaya and Saṃkṣaya can be transliterated into English as Sanksaya or Sankshaya or Samksaya or Samkshaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

[«previous next»] — Sankshaya in Jyotisha glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय) refers to “total blight (of crops)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 5), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Commencing from the time of creation, ... Varuṇa is the lord over the new and full moon periods of the fifth six months; Agni over those of the sixth six months and Yama over those of the seventh six months; [...] If Varuṇa should be the lord, princes will suffer; the rest will be happy and crops will flourish. If Agni should be the lord, there will be good crops, and there will also be health, freedom from fear and abundance of water. If Yama should be the lord, there will be drought, famine, and total blight of crops [i.e., saṃkṣayasaṃkṣayaṃ ca sasyānām]; in the next parva mankind will be afflicted with misery, hunger, death and drought”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Sankshaya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय) means “ended” (i.e., destroyed/perished/annihilated), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, after Goddess Śivā (i.e., Umā/Durgā) granted a boon to Menā:—“[...] O sage, when their mutual sexual intercourse took place, Menā conceived and the child in the womb gradually grew up. She gave birth to a beautiful son Maināka [...] In the city of Himācala there was a wonderful celebration of the event. The couple were highly delighted. Their pain was at an end [i.e., kleśa-saṃkṣaya]. He gave monetary gifts and charitable offerings to brahmins. Their devotion to Śivā and Śiva became increased. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sankshaya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅkṣaya (संक्षय).—m S The general or great destruction; the destruction of the universe. 2 Destruction in general.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅkṣaya (संक्षय).—m The general destruction of the universe.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sankshaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय).—

1) Destruction.

2) Complete destruction or consumption.

3) Loss, ruin.

4) End, termination,

5) Destruction of the world.

6) Shelter, home; अहो निश्चेतनो राजा जीवलोकस्य संक्षयम् । धर्म्यं सत्यव्रतं रामं वनवासे प्रवत्स्यति (aho niścetano rājā jīvalokasya saṃkṣayam | dharmyaṃ satyavrataṃ rāmaṃ vanavāse pravatsyati) || Rām.2.41.6.

7) Death; शृणु राजन् यथाकाले प्राप्तो बालस्य संक्षयः (śṛṇu rājan yathākāle prāpto bālasya saṃkṣayaḥ) Rām.7.74.8.

Derivable forms: saṃkṣayaḥ (संक्षयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkṣaya (सङ्क्षय).—m.

(-yaḥ) 1. The destruction of the world. 2. Loss, destruction in general. 3. End. E. sam completely, kṣi to perish, aff. ac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय).—i. e. sam-kṣi + a, m. 1. Complete consumption, [Pañcatantra] 47, 10. 2. Loss, [Rājataraṅgiṇī] 5, 385. 3. Destroying, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 256; destruction, [Pañcatantra] 104, 18; iii. [distich] 13. 4. The destruction of the world, Chr. 34, 8. 5. End, Chr. 30, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय).—[masculine] perishing, disappearance, destruction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय):—[=saṃ-kṣaya] [from saṃ-kṣi] m. complete destruction or consumption, wasting, waning, decay, disappearance, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the dissolution of all things, destruction of the world, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] Name of a Marutvat, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅkṣaya (सङ्क्षय):—[sa-ṅkṣaya] (yaḥ) 1. m. The destruction of the world; loss.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃkṣaya (संक्षय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃkhaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sankshaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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