Sankoca, Saṅkoca, Shankoca, Śaṅkoca, Samkoca: 11 definitions


Sankoca means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅkoca can be transliterated into English as Sankoca or Shankoca, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shankocha.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saṅkoca (सङ्कोच).—One of the Rākṣasas, who, in ancient days ruled the earth and ultimately died. The story of Saṅkoca was told by Bhīṣma to Yudhiṣṭhira to prove the truth that even the greatest and most powerful has, one day or other, to quit life and die. Among such great ones are included Pṛthu, Aila, Maya, Bhauma, Naraka, Śambara, Hayagrīva, Pulomā, Svarbhānu, Prahlāda, Namuci, Dakṣa, Vipracitti, Virocana, Suhotra, Vṛṣa, Vṛṣabha, Kapilāśva, Virūpa, Bāṇa, Kārtasvara, and Viśvadaṃṣṭra. Though all of them were once emperors they had to give room to the next generation. Bhīṣma, on his bed of arrows, was thus describing the transience of life. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 277).

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṅkoca (सङ्कोच) refers to “hesitation” [?], according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.25 (“The seven celestial sages test Pārvatī”).—Accordingly, as Pārvatī said to the seven Sages: “O great sages, listen to my words with hearty affection. I am saying only what I thought in my own way. On hearing my words you will laugh at me considering my proposal impossible. O Brahmins, I hesitate in revealing it [i.e., saṅkocasaṃkoco varṇanādviprā] but what can I do? [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sankoca in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅkoca : (m.) contraction; grimace; distortion.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅkoca, (saṃ+koca, of kuñc: see kuñcita) contraction (as a sign of anger or annoyance), grimace (mukha°) PvA. 103; also as hattha°, etc. at PvA. 124. (Page 663)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅkōca (संकोच).—m (S) Drawing together, in, or up, contracting, closing in, shrinking: also drawn-together state, shrunken or gathered-up state, contractedness. 2 Narrowness or straitness (of room or space), confinedness: also scantiness or smallness of capacity (of a room, vessel, or other receptacle). 3 Difficulty from confinedness or lack of room; sense of pinchedness or pressure; as malā ēthēṃ saṃ0 hōtō svastha lihavata nāhīṃ svastha basavata nāhīṃ. 4 fig. Restrained or drawn-in state of the heart and affections, reservedness, reserve, closeness. 5 Repression (repressed state) from modesty or from shame, abashedness. v vāṭa, hō.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅkōca (संकोच).—m Contracting, shrinking; shrun- ken or gathered up state, contracted- ness. Narrowness or straightness (of room or space). Difficulty from lack of room; sense of pinchedness or pressure. Fig. Reservedness, reserve, closeness. Repressed state from mo- desty &c.; abashedness. v vāṭa, hō.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṅkoca (शङ्कोच).—A skate-fish.

Derivable forms: śaṅkocaḥ (शङ्कोचः).

See also (synonyms): śaṅkuci, śaṅkoci.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṅkoca (शङ्कोच).—m.

(-caḥ) A scate-fish. E. śaki-uc; also śaṅku, śaṅkuci and śaṅkīci .

--- OR ---

Saṅkoca (सङ्कोच).—m.

(-caḥ) 1. Shutting, closing, contracting, contraction. 2. Binding, tying. 3. Abridgment, diminution. 4. Terror, fear. 5. A sort of fish, a scate, (Raia Sancura, Ham.) n.

(-caṃ) Saffron. E. sam before kuc to contract, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Śaṅkoca (शङ्कोच):—[from śaṅku] m. = śaṅkuci, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṅkoca (शङ्कोच):—(caḥ) 1. m. A scate fish.

2) Saṅkoca (सङ्कोच):—[sa-ṅkoca] (caḥ) 1. n. Saffron. m. Binding; contracting; a scate fish.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃkōca (ಸಂಕೋಚ):—[adjective] shrunk; contracted.

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Saṃkōca (ಸಂಕೋಚ):—

1) [noun] the act of becoming smaller in size; a shrinking; contraction.

2) [noun] fear; timidness.

3) [noun] shyness; coyness; bashfulness.

4) [noun] a kind of fish.

5) [noun] the dried, aromatic stigmas of the perennial plant Crocus sativus of Iridaceae family, used in flavoring and colouring foods, and formerly in medicine; saffron powder.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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