Sangita, Saṅgīta, Saṃgīta, Samgita: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Sangita means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sangit.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Google Books: Dhanapāla and His Times (arts and learning)

Saṅgīta (सङ्गीत).—The technical word used for music in ancient India is saṅgīta (or, saṃgīta), which originally included, as in ancient Greece, vocal (gīta) and instrumental music (vādya), dancing and drama (nṛtya). The God Śiva is supposed to have been the creator of this art and his mystic dance (tāṇḍava) symbolizes the rhythmic motion of the universe. The origin of music is traditionally traced from Sāmadeva.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

Source: Journal of the University of Bombay Volume V: Apabhramsa metres (2)

Saṅgīta (सङ्गीत) is the name of a metre similair to Upagandharva: an Apabhraṃśa metre classified as Dvipadi (metres with two lines in a stanza) discussed in books such as the Chandonuśāsana, Kavidarpaṇa, Vṛttajātisamuccaya and Svayambhūchandas.—Upagandharva has 36 mātrās in each of their two lines, formed with 3 ṣaṇmātras, 4 caturmātras, and 1 dvimātra at the end, and are marked with the yati after the 12th and the 20th mātrās. When the yati of the second i.e., the Upagandharva is shifted to the 14th and the 22nd, and the 16th and the 24th mātrās respectively, it gets the names of the third and the fourth i.e., Saṅgīta and Upasaṅgīta (or Upagīta).

Chandas book cover
context information

Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sangita in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṅgīta : (pp. of saṅgāyati) chanted; uttered; sung.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅgīta, (pp. of saṅgāyati) sung; uttered, proclaimed, established as the text Vin. II, 290; J. I, 1; DA. I, 25 (of the Canon, said to have been rehearsed in seven months).—(nt.) a song, chant, chorus D. II, 138; J. VI, 529. (Page 666)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅgīta (संगीत).—n (S) Singing accompanied with music, a concert: also song, dancing, and music exhibited as a public entertainment. 2 The means of a concert,--the performers and instruments. 3 The science or the art of music and dancing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṅgīta (संगीत).—n Singing accompanied with music, a concert. The science or art of music & dancing. a Set to music, musical. saṅgīta nāṭaka (opp. to gadya nāṭaka.) A musical drama, an opera.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃgīta (संगीत).—p. p. Sung together, sung in chorus.

-tam 1 Chorus, a song sung by many voices; जगुः सकण्ठ्यो गन्धर्व्यः संगीतं सहभर्तृकाः (jaguḥ sakaṇṭhyo gandharvyaḥ saṃgītaṃ sahabhartṛkāḥ) Bhāg.

2) Music, harmonious singing, especially singing accompanied by instrumental music and dancing, triple symphony; गीतं वाद्यं नर्तनं च त्रयं संगीतमुच्यते (gītaṃ vādyaṃ nartanaṃ ca trayaṃ saṃgītamucyate); किमन्यदस्याः परिषदः श्रुतिप्रसादनतः संगीतात् (kimanyadasyāḥ pariṣadaḥ śrutiprasādanataḥ saṃgītāt) Ś.1; Mk. 1.

3) A concert.

4) The art of singing with music and dancing; साहित्यसंगीतकलाविहीनः साक्षात् पशुः पुच्छविषाणहीनः (sāhityasaṃgītakalāvihīnaḥ sākṣāt paśuḥ pucchaviṣāṇahīnaḥ) Bhartṛhari 2.12.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgīta (सङ्गीत).—n.

(-taṃ) 1. The exhibition of song, dancing, and music, as a public entertainment. 2. The art or science of singing accompanied by music and dancing. 3. Chorus. f.

(-tā) Sung in chorus or harmony. E. sam together, and gīta sung.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃgīta (संगीत).—[neuter] song of many voices, concert, symphony.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃgīta (संगीत):—[=saṃ-gīta] a etc. See saṃ-√gai.

2) [=saṃ-gīta] [from saṃ-gai] b mfn. sung together, sung in chorus or harmony

3) [v.s. ...] n. a song sung by many voices or singing accompanied by instrumental music, chorus, a concert, any song or music, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara; Purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] the art or science of singing with music and dancing (= -śāstra), [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgīta (सङ्गीत):—[sa-ṅgīta] (taṃ) 1. n. Musical exhibition, performance, or science.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃgīta (संगीत) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃgīa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Sangita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sangita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Saṃgīta (संगीत) [Also spelled sangit]:—(nm) music; —, [kaṃṭha] vocal music; ~[kāra] a composer; —[nāṭaka] an opera; —[nideśaka] music director; —[vādya] instrumental music; —[vibhāga] department of music; —, [śāstrīya] classical music; -[saṃkāya] faculty of music.

context information

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃgīta (ಸಂಗೀತ):—[adjective] musically rendered; sung.

--- OR ---

Saṃgīta (ಸಂಗೀತ):—

1) [noun] the act of singing.

2) [noun] the art and science of singing or playing instruments; music; a systematic practice of this.

3) [noun] a musical piece; a song.

4) [noun] a combination of vocal and instrumental music with dance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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