Sangara, Saṅgara, Samgara: 8 definitions

Introduction:

Sangara means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Saṅgara (सङ्गर) refers to “strife”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “If the course of Jupiter, Mercury, Mars and Saturn should just precede that of Venus, mankind, elephants and magicians will be at strife among themselves [i.e., saṅgara]; storms and deaths will afflict mankind. Friends will cease to be friends; the Brahmins will cease to perform religious ceremonies properly; there will be no rain; and mountains will be riven asunder thunderbolts”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sangara in Pali glossary
Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Saṅgara, (fr. saṃ+gṛ1 to sing, proclaim, cp. gāyati & gīta) 1. a promise, agreement J. IV, 105, 111, 473; V, 25, 479; saṅgaraṃ karoti to make a compact Vin. I, 247; J. IV, 105; V, 479.—2. (also nt.) a fight M. III, 187=Nett 149; S. V, 109. (Page 666)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṅgara (संगर).—f n The narrow and diversely-colored border or stripe (of a dhotar, patal, and similar cloth) between the outer or main border and the ground. 2 A narrow track over a hill.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgara (सङ्गर).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. War, battle. 2. Misfortune, calamity. 3. Promise, assent, agreement. 4. A bargain, a transaction of sale. 5. Poison. 6. Knowledge. 7. Acceptance. n.

(-raṃ) The fruit of the Sami tree. E. sam before gṝ to swallow, aff. ap .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṅgara (सङ्गर):—[sa-ṅgara] (raḥ) 1. m. War; misfortune; poison; promise; bargain; knowledge. n. Fruit of the sami tree.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃgara (संगर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃgara.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃgara (संगर) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃgara.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃgara (ಸಂಗರ):—

1) [noun] a promise or oath taken or given.

2) [noun] a conflict between armed forces in a war on a large-scale; a prolonged contest in a particular area; a battle.

3) [noun] the act of eating hungrily, greedily or voraciously; a devouring.

4) [noun] the flesh of animals used as food; meat.

5) [noun] a stupid fellow; a blockhead.

6) [noun] keen mental suffering or distress; grief.

7) [noun] a day and a night.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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