Samyojana, aka: Sanyojana, Saṃyojana; 3 Definition(s)
Samyojana means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.
saṃyojana : (nt.) connection; fettering.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
about this context:
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
General definition (in Buddhism)
There are 10 fetters tying beings to the wheel of existence, namely:
- (1) personality-belief (sakkāya-ditthi)
- (2) sceptical doubt (vicikicchā)
- (3) clinging to mere rules and ritual (sīlabbata-parāmāsa; s. upādāna)
- (4) sensuous craving (kāma-rāga)
- (5) ill-will (vyāpāda)
- (6) craving for fine-material existence (rūpa-rāga)
- (7) craving for immaterial existence (arūpa-rāga)
- (8) conceit (māna)
- (9) restlessness (uddhacca)
- (10) ignorance (avijjā)
The first five of these are called 'lower fetters' (orambhāgiya-samyojana), as they tie to the sensuous world. The latter 5 are called 'higher fetters' (uddhambhāgiya-samyojana), as they tie to the higher worlds, i.e. the fine-material and immaterial world (A.IX.67-68; A.X.13; D.33, etc.).
- He who is free from 1-3 is a Sotāpanna, or Stream-winner, i.e. one who has entered the stream to Nibbāna, as it were.
- He who, besides these 3 fetters, has overcome 4 and 5 in their grosser form, is called a Sakadāgāmi, a 'Once-returner' (to this sensuous world).
- He who is fully freed from 1-5 is an Anāgāmī, or 'Non-returner' (to the sensuous world).
- He who is freed from all the 10 fetters is called an Arahat, i.e. a perfectly Holy One.
For more details, s. ariya-puggala.
The 10 fetters as enumerated in the Abhidhamma, e.g. Vibh. XVII, are:
- sensuous craving,
- wrong views,
- sceptical doubt,
- clinging to mere rules and ritual,
- craving for existence,
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the 'lower fetters', i.e. the first 5 fetters that bind to lower existence; s. samyojana.
the 5 'higher fetters'; s. samyojana.
On the ten samyojanas. A.v.17.
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