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Samyojana, aka: Sanyojana, Saṃyojana; 3 Definition(s)

Introduction

Samyojana means something in Buddhism, Pali. Check out some of the following descriptions and leave a comment if you want to add your own contribution to this article.

In Buddhism

Pali

saṃyojana : (nt.) connection; fettering.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

about this context:

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

General definition (in Buddhism)

'fetters'.

There are 10 fetters tying beings to the wheel of existence, namely:

  • (1) personality-belief (sakkāya-ditthi)
  • (2) sceptical doubt (vicikicchā)
  • (3) clinging to mere rules and ritual (sīlabbata-parāmāsa; s. upādāna)
  • (4) sensuous craving (kāma-rāga)
  • (5) ill-will (vyāpāda)
  • (6) craving for fine-material existence (rūpa-rāga)
  • (7) craving for immaterial existence (arūpa-rāga)
  • (8) conceit (māna)
  • (9) restlessness (uddhacca)
  • (10) ignorance (avijjā)

The first five of these are called 'lower fetters' (orambhāgiya-samyojana), as they tie to the sensuous world. The latter 5 are called 'higher fetters' (uddhambhāgiya-samyojana), as they tie to the higher worlds, i.e. the fine-material and immaterial world (A.IX.67-68; A.X.13; D.33, etc.).

  • He who is free from 1-3 is a Sotāpanna, or Stream-winner, i.e. one who has entered the stream to Nibbāna, as it were.
  • He who, besides these 3 fetters, has overcome 4 and 5 in their grosser form, is called a Sakadāgāmi, a 'Once-returner' (to this sensuous world).
  • He who is fully freed from 1-5 is an Anāgāmī, or 'Non-returner' (to the sensuous world).
  • He who is freed from all the 10 fetters is called an Arahat, i.e. a perfectly Holy One.

For more details, s. ariya-puggala.

The 10 fetters as enumerated in the Abhidhamma, e.g. Vibh. XVII, are:

  1. sensuous craving,
  2. ill-will,
  3. conceit,
  4. wrong views,
  5. sceptical doubt,
  6. clinging to mere rules and ritual,
  7. craving for existence,
  8. envy,
  9. stinginess,
  10. ignorance.

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and DoctrinesFetter that binds the mind to the cycle of rebirth (see vatta) - self identification views (sakkaya ditthi), uncertainty (vicikiccha), grasping at precepts and practices (silabbata paramasa); sensual passion (kama raga), resistance (vyapada); passion for form (rupa raga), passion for formless phenomena (arupa raga), conceit (mana), restlessness (uddhacca), and unawareness (avijja).Source: Access to Insight: A Glossary of Pali and Buddhist Terms

Relevant definitions

Search found 61 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Orambhāgiya Samyojana
the 'lower fetters', i.e. the first 5 fetters that bind to lower existence; s. samyojana.
Uddhambhāgiya Samyojana
the 5 'higher fetters'; s. samyojana.
Samyojana Sutta
On the ten samyojanas. A.v.17.
Kāma
1) Kāma (काम, “passion”).—Almost all the psychological states (bhāva) proceed from “erotic pass...
Anāgāmī
In Buddhism, an anāgāmi ("non-returning") is a partially enlightened person who ha...
Bhava
1) Bhāva (भाव, “psychological states”, lit. “feelings”).—Bhāvas are so called, because through ...
Nandī
Nandi (नन्दि) is the name of the caitya-tree (identified with Cendrela tooma) under which the p...
Māna
Māna (मान, “anger”) is a Sanskrit technical term used throughout the Nāṭyaśāstra...
Rāga
Rāga (राग).—Carries away bhūta; leads to saṃsāra and its ills; Viṣayarāga, reason for re-...
Uddhacca
Uddhacca, (nt.) (substantivised ger. of ud-dharati, ud + dhṛ, cp. uddhaṭa & uddhata. The BSk. a...
Saddha
1) Saddhā, (f.) (cp. Vedic śraddhā: see saddahati) faith (on term cp. Geiger, Saṃyutta trsln...
Avidyā
Avidyā (अविद्या) refers to a weapon (“missile of illusory power”). It is a Sansk...
Tanha
Taṇhā is a Buddhist term that literally means "thirst," and is commonly translated...
Nibbāna
Nibbāna, (nt.).—I. Etymology. Although nir+vā “to blow”. (cp. BSk. nirvāṇa...
Sotāpanna
sotāpanna : (adj.) one who has entered the stream of Path.

Relevant text

Search found 67 books containing Samyojana, Sanyojana or Saṃyojana. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the 20 most relevant articles:

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