Samyak: 9 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samyak means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Samyak (सम्यक्, “right”).—What is the meaning of the word ‘right’ (samyak)? The word ‘right’ here is synonymous with correct /true /real or laudatory. How is the word samyak derived or created? The word samyak in Saṃskṛta language is derived from the root verb ‘añc’ with the proposition ‘sam’ and the suffix ‘kvip’.

To which quality out of the three mentioned the word ‘right’ is to be added? The word ‘right’ should be added to all the three qualities i.e. right faith (darśana), right knowledge (jñāna) and right conduct (cāritra).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

samyak (सम्यक्).—ad S Properly, fitly, in the right manner.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samyak (सम्यक्).—(1) right, proper, in rāśiṃ samyak (for Sanskrit samyañcam; acc. m.) Mahāvastu i.175.16 (verse) = samyaktvani- yata rāśi, qq.v.; (2) (= Pali samma, which corresp. in use to Sanskrit saumya, falsely Sktized by confusion with Pali sammā, AMg. samma, = Sanskrit samyak), interj. of friendly address, friend, comrade: samyag Jyoti(ṣ)pāla Mahāvastu i.319.18; 320.1, 13, 19, etc., said by the potter Gha- ṭikāra to his friend J.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyak (सम्यक्).—Ind. 1. All, wholly. 2. Duly. 3. By honourable means. 4. Distinctly. 5. With, together with. 6. Properly, fitly: see samyac .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyak (सम्यक्).—v. samyañc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samyak (सम्यक्):—[=samy-ak] [from samy-añc] a ind. in one or the same direction, in the same way, at the same time, together (with √sthā, ‘to associate with’), [Ṛg-veda; Mahābhārata]

2) [v.s. ...] in one line, straight (opp. to akṣṇayā, ‘obliquely’), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

3) [v.s. ...] completely, wholly, thoroughly, by all means (with na, ‘by no means, not at all’), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] correctly, truly, properly, fitly, in the right way or manner, well, duly (with √kṛ, ‘to make good [a promise]’), [Upaniṣad; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] distinctly, clearly, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

6) [from samy-añc] b in [compound] for samyañc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyak (सम्यक्):—adv. All, wholly; fitly.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyak in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Samyak (सम्यक्):—(adv and a) thoroughly, completely, wholly; duly, well; due.

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