Samyagvyayama, Samyag-vyayama, Samyagvyāyāma: 6 definitions


Samyagvyayama means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagvyayama in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Samyagvyāyāma (सम्यग्व्यायाम, “right effort”) refers to the sixth of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga, or “eight members of the noble path”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, “the sixth member, right effort (samyagvyāyāma) has already been mentioned in regard to the four right efforts (samyakpradhāna), the faculty of exertion, the strength of exertion and the member of enlightenment called exertion”.

Accordingly to chapter 36, “right effort (samyagvyāyāma) encourages wisdom so that it advances rapidly and does not stop”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Samyagvyāyāma (सम्यग्व्यायाम) refers to “correct exertion”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Ratnapāṇi said: ‘Son of good family, what are those sixteen dharmas included in?’ Gaganagañja said: ‘Son of good family, the sixteen dharmas are included in thirty-two dharmas. What are those thirty-two? [...] (9) firmness is included in the unbreakable vow and perseverance to keep it; (10) power is included in being established in awareness and unwavering mind; (11) doing suchness is included in saying thus and acting as you said; (12) correct practice is included in correct application and correct exertion (samyagvyāyāma); [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

1) Samyagvyāyāma (सम्यग्व्यायाम) or “right practice” is associated with Svānāśyā: the Western Ḍākinī of the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Eight outer Ḍākinīs who make up the guardians of the directional gates and quarters of the cardinal directions.

2) Samyagvyāyāma (सम्यग्व्यायाम) or “right practice” refers to one of the eight limbs of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga ("The Eightfold Path"), which itself refers to Mārga or “path which leads to the end of suffering” (i.e., one of the “four noble truths”).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagvyayama in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Samyagvyāyāma (सम्यग्व्यायाम, “right endeavour”) refers to the sixth of the “noble eightfold path” (āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 50), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., samyag-vyāyāma). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyagvyayama in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyagvyāyāma (सम्यग्व्यायाम):—[=samyag-vyāyāma] [from samyag > samy-añc] m. right exertion (with Buddhists).

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyagvyayama in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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