Samyagvak, Samyag-vak, Samyagvāk: 5 definitions


Samyagvak means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samyagvak.

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

1) Samyagvāc (सम्यग्वाच्) or “right speech” is associated with Mahāvīrā and Vajrasattva, according to the Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Mahāvīrā and Vajrasattva:

Circle: kāyacakra (body-wheel) (white);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Mahāvīrā;
Ḍāka (male consort): Vajrasattva;
Bīja: kuṃ;
Body-part: knees;
Pīṭha: Kulutā;
Bodily constituent: siṅghāṇaka (snot);
Bodhipakṣha (wings of enlightenment): samyagvāc (right speech).

2) Samyagvāc (सम्यग्वाच्) or “right speech” refers to one of the eight limbs of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga ("The Eightfold Path"), which itself refers to Mārga or “path which leads to the end of suffering” (i.e., one of the “four noble truths”) .

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

Discover the meaning of samyagvak in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagvak in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Samyagvāc (सम्यग्वाच्, “right speech”) refers to the third of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga, or “eight members of the noble path”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, “the third member (samyagvāc).—with the exception of the four bad ways of livelihood (mithyājīva), fixing vocal actions and, by means of a pure wisdom, rejecting and eliminating bad vocal actions (vāṅmithyākarman)”.

Right speech (samyagvāc) according to Mahāyāna: “the Bodhisattva knows that all words (vāc) come from error, falsities, mistakes, imaginings that seize the characteristics. Then the Bodhisattva reflects in this way: In speech, the characteristics (lakṣana) of speech do not exist and all vocal actions (vākkarman) have ceased. Understanding the true nature of words is right speech (samyagvāc)”.

Accordingly to chapter 36, “right speech (samyagvāc), etc., [namely, samyakkarmānta and samyagājīva) maintains all the qualities (guṇa) of this wisdom so that they are not lost”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagvak in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Samyagvāk (सम्यग्वाक्, “right speech”) refers to the third of the “noble eightfold path” (āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 50), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., samyag-vāk). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyagvak in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyagvāc (सम्यग्वाच्):—[=samyag-vāc] [from samyag > samy-añc] f. r° speech (with, [Buddhist literature])

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyagvak in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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