Samyagvak, Samyag-vak, Samyagvāk: 3 definitions


Samyagvak means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Samyagvak.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyagvak in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Samyagvāc (सम्यग्वाच्, “right speech”) refers to the third of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga, or “eight members of the noble path”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, “the third member (samyagvāc).—with the exception of the four bad ways of livelihood (mithyājīva), fixing vocal actions and, by means of a pure wisdom, rejecting and eliminating bad vocal actions (vāṅmithyākarman)”.

Right speech (samyagvāc) according to Mahāyāna: “the Bodhisattva knows that all words (vāc) come from error, falsities, mistakes, imaginings that seize the characteristics. Then the Bodhisattva reflects in this way: In speech, the characteristics (lakṣana) of speech do not exist and all vocal actions (vākkarman) have ceased. Understanding the true nature of words is right speech (samyagvāc)”.

Accordingly to chapter 36, “right speech (samyagvāc), etc., [namely, samyakkarmānta and samyagājīva) maintains all the qualities (guṇa) of this wisdom so that they are not lost”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyagvak in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Samyagvāk (सम्यग्वाक्, “right speech”) refers to the third of the “noble eightfold path” (āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 50), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., samyag-vāk). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Samyagvak in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samyagvāc (सम्यग्वाच्):—[=samyag-vāc] [from samyag > samy-añc] f. r° speech (with, [Buddhist literature])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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