Samyagdrishti, Samyanc-drishti, Samyagdṛṣṭi: 11 definitions


Samyagdrishti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Samyagdṛṣṭi can be transliterated into English as Samyagdrsti or Samyagdrishti, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

1) Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि) or “right view” is associated with Mahābalā and Padmanṛtyeśvara, according to Cakrasaṃvara-maṇḍala or Saṃvaramaṇḍala of Abhayākaragupta’s Niṣpannayogāvalī, p. 45 and n. 145; (Cf. Cakrasaṃvaratantra, Gray, David B., 2007).—The Cakrasaṃvara mandala has a total of sixty-two deities. [...] Three concentric circles going outward, the body, speech and mind wheels (kāya-vāka-citta), in the order: mind (blue), speech (red), and body (white), with eight Ḍākinīs each in non-dual union with their Ḍākas, "male consorts".

Associated elements of Mahābalā and Padmanṛtyeśvara:

Circle: kāyacakra (body-wheel) (white);
Ḍākinī (female consort): Padmanṛtyeśvara;
Ḍāka (male consort): Heruka;
Bīja: siṃ;
Body-part: soles;
Pīṭha: Sindhu;
Bodily constituent: aśrūni (tears);
Bodhipakṣa (wings of enlightenment): samyagdṛṣṭi (right view).

2) Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि) or “right view” refers to one of the eight limbs of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga ("The Eightfold Path"), which itself refers to Mārga or “path which leads to the end of suffering” (i.e., one of the “four noble truths”)

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
context information

Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagdrishti in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि, “right view”) refers to the first of the Āryāṣṭāṅgamārga, or “eight members of the noble path”, according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter XXXI. Accordingly, “the first member, right view (samyagdṛṣṭi), is the wisdom mentioned in regard to the four foundations of mindfulness (smṛtyupasthāna), the faculty of wisdom (prajñendriya), the strength of wisdom (prajñābala) and the member of enlightenment called discernment of dharmas”.

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि, “right view”) according chapter 36.—Accordingly, “right view (samyagdṛṣṭi) is associated with right conceptualizing (samyaksaṃkalpa), right effort (samyagvyāyāna), right mindfulness (samyaksmṛṭi), right concentration (samyaksamādhi); and the threefold morality [consisting of samyagvāc, samyakkarmānta and samyagājīva)]. [...] Right view (samyagdṛṣṭi) distinguishes the beautiful and the ugly and deals with the good (hita)”.

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि) refers to “right view”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as the Lord said: “O friends, vices are neither established in place nor direction, and they are neither a collection nor accumulated things. Since the superficial arises, the vices arise, and since the fundamental arises, the purity arises. Thus when impurity arises and it is investigated fundamentally, the purity will arise. It is therefore, with this in mind, said that, when one knows wrong views as wrong views, namely as they really are, he will have right views (samyagdṛṣṭi). Wrong views would never be right views, would never not be right views, would never be separated from right views. However, if one, after having known and seen wrong views as wrong views, is not established in them without any action or effort, then he will enter into the way of right views, thus this is called the right view (samyagdṛṣṭi)”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagdrishti in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि, “right view”) refers to the first of the “noble eightfold path” (āryāṣṭāṅgamārga) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 50), itself forming part of the “thirty-seven things on the side of awakening” (bodhipākṣika-dharma). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., samyag-dṛṣṭi). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samyagdrishti in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि) is another word for Samyaktva, generally referring “right belief” in Jainism.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि) refers to “right faith” according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 7.23.—Which are the eight limbs of right faith (samyag-dṛṣṭi)? The eight limbs of right faith are:

  1. absence of doubt in the variety of the tenets propounded by the Jina in part or as whole (niḥśaṅkita),
  2. absence of appreciation of manifold doctrine or having no desire for the worldly pleasures (niḥkāṅkṣita);
  3. absence of any repulsion from the impurity of the body of a person possessed with three jewels (nirvicikitsā);
  4. un-deluded vision (amūḍhadṛṣṭi);
  5. confirmation of faith (upagūhana),
  6. steadfastness of faith (sthitikaraṇa),
  7. affection for faith (vātsalya),
  8. glorification of the creed (prabhāvanā).

If there are eight limbs of right belief /faith (samyag-dṛṣṭi), then there should be eight transgressions of the right believer also instead of five listed above? The transgression of admiration for the knowledge and conduct of wrong believers is inclusive of the opposites of a number of limbs like upaguhana etc. Also as the author has given five transgressions for each vow, so here also he has given five transgressions of right believer and made them include all eight limbs.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyagdrishti in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि).—insight.

Derivable forms: samyagdṛṣṭiḥ (सम्यग्दृष्टिः).

Samyagdṛṣṭi is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms samyañc and dṛṣṭi (दृष्टि). See also (synonyms): samyagdarśana, samyaṅdarśana, samyagdṛṣṭi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि).—(1) f. (= Pali sammādiṭṭhi), true opinion, orthodox views; as first stage in the noble eight- fold path (mārga): Mahāvyutpatti 997; opp. of mithyādṛṣṭi, Mahāvastu ii.99.11; others, Mahāvastu ii.132.12; 284.2; (2) [bahuvrīhi], one who holds right views (= next): °ṭiḥ, n. sg., Daśabhūmikasūtra 25.7; °ṭayaḥ, pl., Divyāvadāna 302.9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Samyagdṛṣṭi (सम्यग्दृष्टि):—[=samyag-dṛṣṭi] [from samyag > samy-añc] f. r° insight or belief (with, [Buddhist literature]), [Lalita-vistara]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. possessed of r° belief, orthodox (-tva n.), [Hemacandra’s Pariśiṣṭaparvan; Divyāvadāna]

[Sanskrit to German]

Samyagdrishti in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samyagdrishti in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samyagdṛṣṭi (ಸಮ್ಯಗ್ದೃಷ್ಟಿ):—[noun] = ಸಮ್ಕಕ್ತ್ವ [samkaktva].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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