Samvigna, Saṃvigna: 8 definitions


Samvigna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samvigna in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saṃvigna (संविग्न) refers to “being overwhelmed (by affection)” (upon seeing Śiva), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.45 (“Śiva’s comely form and the Jubilation of the Citizens”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Śiva: “Delighted on seeing Śiva and overwhelmed by affection (preman-saṃvigna) they cherished the comely form in their hearts and spoke as follows:—[The ladies said:—] ‘The eyes of the residents of this town have become fruitful. The life of the persons who have seen this comely form has become meaningful. The life is fruitful and the rites are fruitful only of the person who has seen Śiva, the destroyer of all sins. [...]’”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Saṃvigna (संविग्न) refers to “agitated (mind)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Nāga-kings said to Bhagavān], “[...] O Bhagavān, when we all stand visibly in front of the Bhagavān, thus frightened and trembling, with the hairs on our bodies bristling, overcome with great dreadful fear, standing all with agitated minds (saṃvigna-manas), O Bhagavān, how will monks be in the last time, in the last age, after the Tathāgata has departed? [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃvigna (संविग्न).—p. p.

1) Agitated, excited, disturbed, distracted, flụrried; as in संविग्नमानस (saṃvignamānasa); विसृज्य सशरं चापं शोक- संविग्नमानसः (visṛjya saśaraṃ cāpaṃ śoka- saṃvignamānasaḥ) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 1.47; किर्मीरवधसंविग्नो बहिर्दुर्योधनो ययौ (kirmīravadhasaṃvigno bahirduryodhano yayau) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.1.39.

2) Terrified, frightened.

3) Moving to and fro; पूररेचकसंविग्नवलिवल्गुदलोदरम् (pūrarecakasaṃvignavalivalgudalodaram) Bhāgavata 4.24.51;12.9.24.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvigna (संविग्न).—mfn.

(-gnaḥ-gnā-gnaṃ) Agitated, flurried, alarmed. E. sam before vij to fear, kta aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvigna (संविग्न).—[adjective] agitated, flurried, terrified.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃvigna (संविग्न):—[=saṃ-vigna] [from saṃ-vij] mfn. agitated, flurried, terrified, shy, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] moving to and fro, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) fallen into, [ib.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvigna (संविग्न):—[saṃ-vigna] (gnaḥ-gnā-gnaṃ) p. Alarmed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃvigna (संविग्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃvigga.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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