Samvarta, Saṃvarta, Saṃvartā: 19 definitions


Samvarta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samvarta in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saṃvarta (संवर्त).—Son of Aṅgiras. General. Aṅgiras had eight sons called Bṛhaspati, Utathya, Saṃvarta, Payasya, Śānti, Ghora, Virūpa and Sudhanvā. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 85, Verse 30). Saṃvarta was the third among the sons and he lived on inimical terms with his eldest brother Bṛhaspati. When once Bṛhaspati forsook king Marutta it was Saṃvarta, who managed for the king his yajña. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 20). Other information.

(i) Saṃvarta is a member of Indra’s court. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 7, Verse 19).

(ii) He lives in Brahmā’s court and worships him. (Sabhā Parva, Chapter 11, Verse 12).

(iii) He once got conducted at Plakṣāvataraṇa tīrtha for King Marutta a yajña. (Vana Parva, Chapter 129, Verse 13).

(iv) Saṃvarta and Bṛhaspati disliked each other. (Droṇa Parva, Chapter 55, Verse 38; Śānti Parva, Chapter 29, Verse 29).

(v) He was one of those who visited Bhīṣma on his bed of arrows. (Śānti Parva, Chapter 47, Verse 9).

(vi) It was he, who recited the praises of Śiva to king Marutta so that the latter got gold. (Mahābhārata Southern text, Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 8).

(vii) Once he paralysed Indra’s Vajrāyudha. (Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 17).

(viii) It was he, who invited and got down Indra to the yajña conducted by Marutta. (Aśvamedha Parva, Chapter 10, Verse 25). (See full article at Story of Saṃvarta from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Saṃvarta (संवर्त).—A son of Angiras, and a yogin; helped Marutta in his yajñas;1 enabled Prāṃśu's son to go to Heaven.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 2. 26; Vāyu-purāṇa 65. 101.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 61. 5.

1b) A son of Svarūpa and a gotrakāra;1 attained salvation at Benares.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 196. 4.
  • 2) Ib. 180. 63.

1c) A priest of Maruttacakravarti who went bodily to heaven with all his relations and Marutta taking yajña with him; hence Bṛhaspati got angry with him as he anticipated the destruction of the world.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 86. 9, 11.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saṃvarta (संवर्त) refers to the name of a Tīrtha (pilgrim’s destination) mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.60.5). Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃvarta) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃvarta (संवर्त) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Natyashastra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva

Saṃvarta (संवर्त) is the name of a deity who received the Kiraṇāgama from Devavibhava through the mahānsambandha relation, according to the pratisaṃhitā theory of Āgama origin and relationship (sambandha). The kiraṇa-āgama, being part of the eighteen Rudrabhedāgamas, refers to one of the twenty-eight Siddhāntāgamas: a classification of the Śaiva division of Śaivāgamas. The Śaivāgamas represent the wisdom that has come down from lord Śiva, received by Pārvatī and accepted by Viṣṇu.

Saṃvarta obtained the Kiraṇāgama from Devavibhava who in turn obtained it from Sadāśiva through parasambandha. Saṃvarta in turn, transmitted it to through divya-sambandha to the Devas who, through divyādivya-sambandha, transmitted it to the Ṛṣis who finally, through adivya-sambandha, revealed the Kiraṇāgama to human beings (Manuṣya). (also see Anantaśambhu’s commentary on the Siddhāntasārāvali of Trilocanaśivācārya)

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Shaivism from relevant books on Exotic India

Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: Catalogue of Pancaratra Agama Texts

Saṃvarta (संवर्त) refers to the main narrator of the Padmasaṃhitā: the most widely followed of Saṃhitā covering the entire range of concerns of Pāñcarātra doctrine and practice (i.e., the four-fold formulation of subject matter—jñāna, yoga, kriyā and caryā) consisting of roughly 9000 verses.—Description of the chapter [śāstrāvatāra]: The setting is Kaṇva’s hermitage where sages, who have already mastered the Vedas and allied literatures, have gathered to ask what they must do to gain admission to paradise. There, they are told to listen to Saṃvarta, who relates to them the technique of worship which leads to kaivalya. Saṃvarta’s teaching, the Padma-saṃhitā which follows is a condensed version of the teaching related in 10,000 ślokas to Saṃvarta by Padma in the nether world; Padma’s teaching was, in turn, a condensation from 100,000 ślokas he received from Kapila, whose teaching was also a condensation from 500,000 ślokas he got from Brahmā, itself a condensation from an original 1,500,000 ślokas which Brahmā received from Keśava (=Nārāyaṇa = Śrībhagavān) (1-34). Then Saṃvarta begins to relate the conversation between Brahmā and Śrībhagavān—[...]

Source: Shodhganga: Iconographical representations of Śiva (pancaratra)

Saṃvarta (संवर्त) or Saṃvartasaṃhitā is the name of a Vaiṣṇava Āgama scripture, classified as a rājasa type of the Muniprokta group of Pāñcarātra Āgamas. The vaiṣṇavāgamas represent one of the three classes of āgamas (traditionally communicated wisdom).—Texts of the Pāñcara Āgamas are divided in to two sects. It is believed that Lord Vāsudeva revealed the first group of texts which are called Divya and the next group is called Muniprokta which are further divided in to three viz. a. Sāttvika. b. Rājasa (e.g., Saṃvarta-saṃhitā). c. Tāmasa.

Pancaratra book cover
context information

Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Pancaratra from relevant books on Exotic India

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Saṃvarta (संवर्त) (more commonly in these sources the feminine—saṃvartā) [Cf. Saṃvartāmaṇḍala] is the fire that burns within the Cosmic Ocean in which the universe floats and imparts to it the energy that sustains it. Literally called the Fire (that issues) from the Mare’s Mouth (vāḍavāgni), the Doomsday Fire flares up at the end of each cosmic cycle to consume the universe and make way for the next one generated at the beginning of the next cycle by means of its energy.

Saṃvartā is the fire that consumes the worlds at the end of a cosmic age and supplies the energy that sustains them in their period of persistence. This female Fire is one of the identities of the goddess Kubjikā. So Saṃvartāmaṇḍala effectively means Kubjikāmaṇḍala, which would be an apt name for it although, in fact, it never occurs in our texts.

2) Saṃvarta (संवर्त) refers to one of the three Bhairavas of the Santānabhuvana triangle, according to the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā, an expansion of the Kubjikāmatatantra: the earliest popular and most authoritative Tantra of the Kubjikā cult.—[...] The one described in the Ṣaṭsāhasrasaṃhitā has a few more compared to the one described in the Kumārikākhaṇḍa, namely, the doorkeepers, Bhairavas [i.e., Saṃvarta], doors, and bolts.

3) Saṃvarta (संवर्त) refers to one of the eight Bhairavas  (bhairavāṣṭaka) associated with Oṃkārapīṭha (also called Oḍḍiyāna, Ādipīṭha or Uḍapīṭha), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—[...] The eight Bhairavas (bhairavāṣṭaka): Niṣkala, Asitāṅga, Saṃvarta, Ānandabhairava, Niṣtaraṅga, Karāla, Amogha, Khecara.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Shaktism from relevant books on Exotic India

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Samvarta (सम्वर्त) or Samvartaketu refers to a particular type of Ketus (i.e., luminous bodies such as comets and meteors), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 11), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “Samvarta Ketu is a comet which appears in the west in the evening with a tail of the colour of smoke and copper, extending to a third of the sky and resembling the sharp end of a dagger; it is fearful to look at. Princes will suffer in wars for as many years as the number of hours for which it continues to be visible. Those persons will also suffer in the star of whose nativity the comet appears”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Jyotisha from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Samvarta (संवर्त): Brihaspati's younger brother, a person of great learning.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

saṃvarta (संवर्त).—m A cloud. A universal des- truction by rain.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃvarta (संवर्त).—

1) Turning towards.

2) Dissolution, destruction; संवर्ताग्निः संदिधुक्षुर्यथैव (saṃvartāgniḥ saṃdidhukṣuryathaiva) Abhiṣeka 1.13.

3) The periodical destruction of the world; संवर्तप्रकटविवर्तसप्तपाथोनाथोर्मि- व्यतिकरविभ्रमप्रचण्डः (saṃvartaprakaṭavivartasaptapāthonāthormi- vyatikaravibhramapracaṇḍaḥ) Mv.6.26.

4) A cloud.

5) A cloud of a particular class (abounding in water).

6) Name of one of the seven clouds that rise at the dissolution of the world; तुल्याः संवर्तकाभ्रैः पिदधति गगनं पङ्क्तयः पक्षतीनाम् (tulyāḥ saṃvartakābhraiḥ pidadhati gaganaṃ paṅktayaḥ pakṣatīnām) Nāg. 4.22.

7) A year.

8) A collection, multitude.

9) Contraction; पर्यायात् क्षणदृष्टनष्टककुभः संवर्तविस्तारयोः (paryāyāt kṣaṇadṛṣṭanaṣṭakakubhaḥ saṃvartavistārayoḥ) Mv.5.1.

Derivable forms: saṃvartaḥ (संवर्तः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saṃvarta (संवर्त).—(m.? to saṃvartati 1), (period of) de- volution, destruction of the world, with or sc. kalpa: °ta- kāla-samaye Mahāvastu i.52.4, by a somewhat doubtful em.; the parallel is vivartanīya-kāla° 6; passage is similar to Mahāvastu i.338.14 ff. (see s.v. vivartati), where saṃvartamāne… loke is read for this; for other passages see s.v. vivarta.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvarta (संवर्त).—i. e. sam-vṛt + a, m. 1. Destruction of the universe, [Johnson's Selections from the Mahābhārata.] 91, 35. 2. A cloud. 3. Multitude, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 166, 12. 4. Being. 5. Beleric myrobalan. 6. The name of a Muni.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvarta (संवर्त).—[masculine] rolling up; anything rolled or kneaded, lump, clod, ball, heap, mass, thick cloud; a cert. period of time, the destruction of the world.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃvarta (संवर्त):—[=saṃ-varta] a taka etc. See under saṃ-√vṛt.

2) [=saṃ-varta] [from saṃ-vṛt] b m. meeting, encountering (an enemy), [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] rolling up, destruction, ([especially]) the periodical destruction or dissolution of the world, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] a [particular] cosmic period or Kalpa (q.v.), [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] anything rolled or kneaded, a lump or ball (of cake), [Kauśika-sūtra]

6) [v.s. ...] a young rolled-up leaf, [Āpastamba-gṛhya-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] a dense mass (of people), [Mālatīmādhava]

8) [v.s. ...] a rain-cloud, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa]

9) [v.s. ...] a [particular] kind of cloud (abounding in water and so distinct from the Ā-varta which has no water; cf. droṇa, puṣkalovartaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of one of the 7 clouds at the dissolution of the universe (cf. bhīmanāda), [Catalogue(s)]

11) [v.s. ...] a year, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) [v.s. ...] a [particular] mythical weapon, [Harivaṃśa; Rāmāyaṇa]

13) [v.s. ...] a [particular] comet, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā]

14) [v.s. ...] a [particular] conjunction of planets, [ib.]

15) [v.s. ...] Terminalia Bellerica, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

16) [v.s. ...] Cicer Arietinum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

17) [v.s. ...] Name of a Muni and legislator (cf. -smṝti and bṛhat-saṃv), [Yājñavalkya]

18) [v.s. ...] of an Aṅgirasa (and author of [Ṛg-veda x, 172]), [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa] etc.

19) [v.s. ...] n. [dual number] (with indrasya) Name of two Sāmans, [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa] (perhaps [wrong reading] for sāṃ-v q.v.)

20) Sāṃvarta (सांवर्त):—mfn. written or composed by Saṃ-varta, [Catalogue(s)]

21) n. Name of various Sāmans (also with indrasya), [Ārṣeya-brāhmaṇa]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃvarta (संवर्त) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Saṃvaṭṭa, Saṃvatta.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samvarta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃvarta (ಸಂವರ್ತ):—

1) [noun] a meeting in opposition; an encountering.

2) [noun] a destroying or being destroyed; destruction.

3) [noun] (myth.) the periodical destruction or dissolution of the world.

4) [noun] he who destroys; a destroyer.

5) [noun] (myth.) a particular kind of cloud that rains incessantly to destroy the world.

6) [noun] a period of twelve months; a year.

7) [noun] name of a sage.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

Discover the meaning of samvarta in the context of Kannada from relevant books on Exotic India

See also (Relevant definitions)

Relevant text

Related products

Let's grow together!

I humbly request your help to keep doing what I do best: provide the world with unbiased sources, definitions and images. Your donation direclty influences the quality and quantity of knowledge, wisdom and spiritual insight the world is exposed to.

Let's make the world a better place together!

Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: