Samvarana, Saṃvaraṇa: 17 definitions


Samvarana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Sanvaran.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण):—Son of Ṛkṣa (son of Ajamīḍha). He had a son named Kuru through the womb of his wife Tapatī (the daughter of Sūrya, the sun-god). (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.4-5)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—A king of the lunar dynasty. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu thus: Brahmā—Atri-Candra-Budha-Purūravas-Āyus-Nahuṣa-Yayāti-Pūru-Janamejaya-Prācinvān-Manasyu-Vītabhaya-Śuṇḍu-Bahuvidha-Saṃyāti-Rahovādī-Bhadrāśva-Matināra-Santurodha-Duṣyanta-Bharata-Bṛhatkṣatra-Hasti-Ajamīḍha-Ṛkṣa-Saṃvaraṇa. Marriage. Saṃvaraṇa married Tapatī, daughter of Sūrya. (For details see under Tapatī). Other information.

(i) King Pāñcāla once attacked and subjugated him. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 93, Verse 37).

(ii) He gave up the throne in fear of the enemy and went and lived on the banks of the river Sindhu. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 9, Verse 39).

(iii) To regain his kingdom he appointed Vasiṣṭha as his priest. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 42).

(iv) He got back the kingdom by Vasiṣṭha’s help and then he performed a Yajña with the latter as high priest. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 45).

(v) A son called Kuru was born to him by Tapatī daughter of Sūrya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 94, Verse 48).

(vi) He was a devotee of Sūrya. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 170, Verse 12).

(vii) No other king more handsome than he had yet been born. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 170, Verse 15).

(viii) Once there was no rainfall for twelve years in his kingdom. (Ādi Parva, Chapter 172, Verse 38).

(ix) He is one of the kings to be remembered at dawn and at dusk. (Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 165, Verse 54).

(x) Words like Ājamīḍha, Ārkṣa, Paurava, Pauravanandana and Ṛkṣaputra have been used in Mahābhārata as synonyms of Saṃvaraṇa. (See full article at Story of Saṃvaraṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—A son of Ṛkṣa; and husband of Tapatī, and father of Kuru.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa VI. 6. 41; VIII. 13. 10; IX. 22. 3-4. Matsya-purāṇa 50. 20; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 214; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 19. 75-6.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Saṃvaraṇa) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Saṃvaraṇa is also mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. ) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण, “concealment”) refers to one of the twenty-one sandhyantara, or “distinct characteristics of segments (sandhi)” according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 21. The segments are divisions of the plot (itivṛtta or vastu) of a dramatic play (nāṭaka) and consist of sixty-four limbs, known collectively as the sandhyaṅga.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—lit. concealment; slurring over a consonant by practically merging its sound into that of the following one; the technical term अंभि-निधान (aṃbhi-nidhāna) is also used in the same sense; e. g. षट् द्वा द्वा (ṣaṭ dvā dvā); cf. संधारणं संवरणं श्रुतेश्च (saṃdhāraṇaṃ saṃvaraṇaṃ śruteśca) R. Pr. VI. 5.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: National Mission for Manuscripts: Traditional Medicine System in India

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण) refers to “covering” and is the action (karma) associated with Sthūla (“gross”): one of the twenty Śārīraguṇa (or Gurvādiguṇa), which refers to the “twenty qualities of the body”—where guṇa (property) represents one of the six divisions of dravya (drugs).—Śārīraka-guṇas are twenty in number. There are ten guṇas with their opposite guṇas. [...] Sūkṣma (“subtle”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of air, space and the associated actions of “pervading/vivaraṇa”; while Sthūla (“gross”) has the predominant bhūta (element) of earth and is associated with the action “covering/saṃvaraṇa”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

saṃvaraṇa : (nt.) restriction; obstruction; shutting.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—

1) Covering, screening.

2) Hiding, concealment; संवरणं हि तत् (saṃvaraṇaṃ hi tat) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.

3) A pretext, disguise; see संवर (saṃvara) also.

4) A secret.

Derivable forms: saṃvaraṇam (संवरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—i. e. sam-vṛ + ana, n. Concealing, [Vikramorvaśī, (ed. Bollensen.)] 79, 5; secret, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 174, 7; pretext, [Mālatīmādhava, (ed. Calc.)] 7, 1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—1. [feminine] ī enclosing, containing. [neuter] enclosed place (for sacrifice etc.), cover, envelope; closing, hiding, concealing; feint, pretence.

--- OR ---

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण).—2. [neuter] choosing (for husband).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण):—[=saṃ-varaṇa] [from saṃ-vara > saṃ-vṛ] 1. saṃ-varaṇa mf(ī)n. covering, containing, [Pracaṇḍa-pāṇḍava]

2) [v.s. ...] shutting, closing (with vali f. ‘one of the three folds of skin which cover the anus’), [Suśruta]

3) [v.s. ...] m. Name of the author of the hymns, [Ṛg-veda v, 33; 34] (having the [patronymic] Prājāpatya), [Anukramaṇikā]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king (son of Ṛkṣa, husband of Tapatī, and father of Kuru), [Mahābhārata; Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

5) [v.s. ...] of another man, [Vāsavadattā, [Introduction]]

6) [v.s. ...] n. the act of covering or enclosing or concealing, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] closing, shutting, [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya; Suśruta]

8) [v.s. ...] concealment, secrecy, [Mālatīmādhava]

9) [v.s. ...] a cover, lid, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] an enclosure, sanctuary (as place of sacrifice), [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda]

11) [v.s. ...] a dam, mound, [Rāmāyaṇa]

12) Saṃvāraṇa (संवारण):—[=saṃ-vāraṇa] [from saṃ-vāra > saṃ-vṛ] mfn. (ifc.) warding off, keeping back, [Mahābhārata]

13) Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण):—[=saṃ-varaṇa] [from saṃ-vara > saṃ-vṛ] 2. saṃ-varaṇa n. idem

14) Sāṃvaraṇa (सांवरण):—m. ([from] saṃ-varaṇa) [patronymic] of the Vedic Ṛṣi Manu, [Ṛgveda-anukramaṇikā]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃvaraṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Samvarana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण) [Also spelled sanvaran]:—(nm) selection, liking; subjugation of passions; complication (in a dramatic plot).

2) Saṃvaranā (संवरना):—(v) to be mended/amended/rectified; to be arranged, to be put in order; to be made up; to be decorated, to be pranked; to be tip-top.

3) Saṃvāranā (संवारना):—(v) to make up; to dress up neatly; to prank; to decorate; to arrange; to mend/amend/rectify; to channelize along successful lines.

context information


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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃvaraṇa (संवरण) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃvaraṇa.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samvarana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saṃvaraṇa (ಸಂವರಣ):—

1) [noun] a covering (something) as to keep from being seen); concealment.

2) [noun] that which is kept inside or in a secured place.

3) [noun] that with which something is covered.

4) [noun] something known only to a certain person or persons and purposely kept from the knowledge of others; a secret.

5) [noun] any clothes, equipment, manner, etc. used for disguising; disguise.

6) [noun] something that is put forward to conceal a true purpose or object; an ostensible reason; an excuse; a pretext.

7) [noun] the act of choosing a bride or a bridegroom.

8) [noun] the act of rubbing or passing over gently with the palm with affection or to alleviate pain, distress, etc.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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