Samvara, Saṃvara, Shamvara: 13 definitions
Samvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
Saṃvāra (संवार).—One of the external efforts in the production of a sound when the gullet is a little bit contracted as at the time of the utterance of the third, fourth and the fifth of the class-consonants; cf. कण्ठबिलस्य संकोचः संवारः (kaṇṭhabilasya saṃkocaḥ saṃvāraḥ) Uddyota on P. I. 1.9.
Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
1. Samvara. The youngest of the hundred sons of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. See the Samvara Jataka.
2. Samvara. The Ajivaka mentioned in the Pandara Jataka. J.v.87; see scholiast, ibid., line 27.
3. Samvara. A chieftain of the Asuras, skilled in wiles. Cf. Sambara. J.v.452, 454.
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
General definition (in Jainism)Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism
Saṃvara (संवर) is the father of Abhinandana, the fourth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.
The wife of Saṃvara is is Siddhartha. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
Saṃvara (संवर, “inhibition”).—What is meant by inhibition / stoppage (saṃvara)? To stop influx (aśrava) is inhibition / stoppage.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
saṃvara : (m.) restraint.
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
saṃvāra (संवार).—m S Contraction, gathering up. 2 Compression (of the lips &c.) in pronunciation. See bāhyaprayatna.
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sāṃvara (सांवर).—f (śālmalī S) Silk-cotton-tree, Bombax heptaphyllum.
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sāṃvara (सांवर) [or सावर, sāvara].—m (sa & āvara) Recovery of strength; recruit of spirits; regathering of pristine health, vigor, power, opulence, dignity &c.; rallying or ralliedness. v ghē. Ex. alīkaḍē rājācā āśraya lāgalyāpāsūna hyānēṃ sāvara ghētalā.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
saṃvāra (संवार).—m Contraction. Compression (of the lips &c.) in pronunciation.
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sāṃvara (सांवर).—m Recovery of strength; recruiting of spirits.
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sāṃvara (सांवर) [-rī, -री].—f Silk–cotton–tree.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Saṃvara (संवर).—1 Covering.
3) Compression, contraction.
4) A dam, bridge, causeway.
5) A kind of deer.
6) Name of a demon; see शंबर (śaṃbara).
7) (With Jainas) Shutting out the external world.
8) Provision; Buddh.
-ram 1 Concealment.
2) Forbearance, self-control.
4) A particular religious observance (practised by Buddhists).
Derivable forms: saṃvaraḥ (संवरः).
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1) Covering, closing up.
2) Contraction of the throat &c. in the pronunciation of letters, obtuse articulation (opp. vivāra q. v.).
4) Protecting, securing.
6) An obstacle, impediment; प्रत्यग्रापनीतसंयमनस्य भवतोऽलघुसंवारा गतिः (pratyagrāpanītasaṃyamanasya bhavato'laghusaṃvārā gatiḥ) Mk. 7.6,7.
Derivable forms: saṃvāraḥ (संवारः).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
Śaṃvara (शंवर).—(?) see saṃvara (4).
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Saṃvara (संवर).—m. (= Pali id.; compare a-saṃvara and saṃ- vāra), (1) restraint, control, obligation, vow: Mahāvyutpatti 1608 (text erron. saṃvāra); 1632; 7010 (in all these = Tibetan sdom pa restraint, obligation, vow), 9363 (= Tibetan sdom po or sdom ba); Lalitavistara 159.8 (verse) śīlaguṇa-saṃvaru (n. sg.); 379.14 (prose) saṃvaram (acc.; sc. from sin, atyayato) āpadyate; similarly Divyāvadāna 617.22, 24; Mahāvastu i.104.14 deśayanti dama-dāna-saṃvaraṃ (mss. °ra); samātta-saṃvarasya Śikṣāsamuccaya 15.1; prātimokṣa-saṃvara-, the moral restraints im- posed in the code called Prātimokṣa (= Pali pātimokkha- saṃvara) Mahāvastu iii.51.17—52.1; Śikṣāsamuccaya 17.7 (not by this alone can a Bodhisattva attain enlightenment); Bodhisattvabhūmi 155.26; Kāśyapa Parivarta 134.2; Udānavarga xxxii.27 prātimokṣe ca saṃvaraḥ; Mahāvastu iii.52.8 (akuśalā dharmāḥ…) teṣāṃ saṃvarāya: 423.3 ff. cakṣuṣā (śrotreṇa, ghrāṇena, etc.) saṃvaro; śīlasaṃvara- Mahāvastu i.143.1; Daśabhūmikasūtra 96.15; Jātakamālā 15.5; saṃvara-śīla-, morality con- sisting of s°, Bodhisattvabhūmi 138.24; 152.19; Kāśyapa Parivarta 103.3 tatra na saṃvaro nāsaṃvaraḥ; Daśabhūmikasūtra.g. 52(78).30 °raṃ samupācaret; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 28.12 (verse) śīlaprayoga saṃvarakriyā ca; Lalitavistara 31.15, 16, 17 kāya-, vāk-, manaḥ-s° (see sambara 1); (2) rule, prescription (an extension or specialization of prec., found only in neg. a-saṃvara, q.v.); (3) (treated as nt. in Divyāvadāna 111.3, n. sg. °raṃ; the only distinctive occurrence), pro- visions (of food): Divyāvadāna 110.26 saṃvaraṃ cāropaya; 111.1, 3; [Prātimokṣasūtra des Sarvāstivādins] 500.5 piṇḍapāta-saṃvaraṃ (acc.), provisions for a meal; (is this meaning also an extension of 1, regulation, requirement?); (4) name of an asura: Suvarṇabhāsottamasūtra 162.12 (according to [Page540-a+ 71] Nobel, Tibetan seems to suggest reading Śaṃvara; compare also Sambara); (5) name of a hell: Kāraṇḍavvūha 50.4 saṃbare (so printed) mahānarake (read śaṃbare?).
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Saṃvāra (संवार).—: Mahāvyutpatti 1608; so also Mironov; see s.v. tāpa.
Saṃvāra can also be spelled as Saṃvara (संवर).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-raṃ) Water. E. śaṃ happily, vṛ to choose or cover, aff. ac or arap; more usually read śambara. q. v.
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(-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. Self-control. 3. Concealment. 4. A particular religious observance with Budd'hists. m.
(-raḥ) 1. The name of a demon. 2. Collection, comprehension. 3. Contraction, compression. 4. A mound a bridge, &c. 5. Concealing. 6. A kind of deer. E. sam before vṛ to choose, aff. ap; more usually derived from śamb or ṣamb to collect, and then written śambara or ṣambara q. v.
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(-raḥ) 1. Contraction, diminution. 2. Compression of the lips, &c. in pronunciation. 3. Protection. 4. Covering, closing up. E. sam before vṛ to choose, aff. ghañ .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Saṃvara (संवर):—[=saṃ-vara] a etc. See saṃ- √1. 2, vṛ.
2) Saṃvāra (संवार):—[=saṃ-vāra] a raṇa etc. See p. 1116, col. 1.
3) Saṃvara (संवर):—[=saṃ-vara] [from saṃ-vṛ] 1. saṃ-vara mfn. keeping back, stopping (in kāla-s, applied to Viṣṇu), [Pañcarātra]
4) [v.s. ...] m. (often written and confounded with śambara) a dam, mound, bridge, [Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]
5) [v.s. ...] provisions, [Divyāvadāna]
6) [v.s. ...] shutting out the external world (with Jainas one of the 7 or 9 Tattvas), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
7) [v.s. ...] Name of two Arhats, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]
8) [v.s. ...] n. (with Buddhists) restraint, forbearance (or ‘a [particular] religious observance’), [Kāraṇḍa-vyūha]
9) Saṃvāra (संवार):—[=saṃ-vāra] [from saṃ-vṛ] b m. (ifc. f(ā). ) covering, concealing, closing up, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]
10) [v.s. ...] compression or contraction of the throat or of the vocal chords (in pronunciation), obtuse articulation (opp. to the vi-vāra q.v., and regarded as one of the Bāhya-prayatnas), [Pāṇini 1-1, 9 [Scholiast or Commentator]]
11) [v.s. ...] an obstacle, impediment, [Mṛcchakaṭikā vii], ([varia lectio]) 6/7
12) Saṃvara (संवर):—[=saṃ-vara] [from saṃ-vṛ] 2. saṃ-vara m. choosing, election, choice (of [varia lectio] for svayaṃ-vara), [Mahābhārata vii, 6033.]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Samvara Jataka, Samvara Padhana, Samvara Suddhi, Samvara Sutta, Samvaraka, Samvarana, Samvarananataka, Samvaranasraj, Samvaranem, Samvarani, Samvaraniya, Samvarashila, Samvarati, Samvaravyakhya.
Full-text (+115): Sasyasamvara, Shambara, Asamvara, Samvarana, Manahsamvara, Samvaravyakhya, Tapa, Cakrasamvara, Samvarananataka, Samvaraniya, Samvarodayatantra, Indriyesu Gutta Dvarata, Gamani Jataka, Samvaranasraj, Samvarika, Samvara Suddhi, Samvari, Trinasamvara, Kalasamvara, Thakana.
Search found 33 books and stories containing Samvara, Saṃvara, Shamvara, Saṃvāra, Sāṃvara, Śaṃvara, Sam-vara, Saṃ-vara, Saṃ-vāra; (plurals include: Samvaras, Saṃvaras, Shamvaras, Saṃvāras, Sāṃvaras, Śaṃvaras, varas, vāras). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Notes (a): What Is Morality? < [Chapter 6 - On Pāramitā]
Part 12 - The Seven Purifications of a Buddha < [Chapter 7 - The Attainment of Buddhahood]
Part 4 - Righteous (Dhammavādi) and Unrighteous (Adhammavādi) < [Chapter 28 - The Buddha’s Tenth Vassa at Pālileyyaka Forest]
Trishashti Shalaka Purusha Caritra (by Helen M. Johnson)
Part 10: Sermon on saṃvara < [Chapter VIII - Śītalanāthacaritra]
Tattva 6: Saṃvara (methods of impeding karma) < [Appendix 1.4: The nine tattvas]
Part 10: Abhinandana becomes king < [Chapter II - Abhinandanacaritra]
The Jataka tales [English], Volume 1-6 (by Robert Chalmers)
Jataka 462: Saṃvara-jātaka < [Volume 4]
Jataka 8: Gāmani-jātaka < [Book I - Ekanipāta]
Jataka 156: Alīnacitta-jātaka < [Book II - Dukanipāta]
The gods of northern Buddhism (by Alice Getty)
The Vishnu Purana (by Horace Hayman Wilson)
Chapter XXI - Families of the Daityas < [Book I]
A study of the philosophy of Jainism (by Deepa Baruah)
Chapter V.a - Bondage (bandha) and its causes < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Chapter V.d - Nature of liberation (mokṣa) < [Chapter V - Bondage and Liberation]
Chapter III.d - Division of jaina categories or substances < [Chapter III - Categories]