Samvara, aka: Saṃvara, Shamvara; 10 Definition(s)


Samvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Saṃvāra (संवार).—One of the external efforts in the production of a sound when the gullet is a little bit contracted as at the time of the utterance of the third, fourth and the fifth of the class-consonants; cf. कण्ठबिलस्य संकोचः संवारः (kaṇṭhabilasya saṃkocaḥ saṃvāraḥ) Uddyota on P. I. 1.9.

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

1. Samvara. The youngest of the hundred sons of Brahmadatta, king of Benares. See the Samvara Jataka.

2. Samvara. The Ajivaka mentioned in the Pandara Jataka. J.v.87; see scholiast, ibid., line 27.

3. Samvara. A chieftain of the Asuras, skilled in wiles. Cf. Sambara. J.v.452, 454.

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Samvara in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saṃvara (संवर) is the father of Abhinandana, the fourth of twenty-four Tīrthaṅkaras in Janism, according to the Ācāradinakara (14th century work on Jain conduct written by Vardhamāna Sūri). A Tīrthaṅkara is an enlightened being who has conquered saṃsāra (cycle of birth and death), leaving behind him a path for others to follow.

The wife of Saṃvara is is Siddhartha. It is an ancient Jain practice to worship the Tīrthaṅkara’s parents in various rites, such as the pratiṣṭhāvidhi.

Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Saṃvara (संवर, “inhibition”).—What is meant by inhibition / stoppage (saṃvara)? To stop influx (aśrava) is inhibition / stoppage.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Samvara in Pali glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

saṃvara : (m.) restraint.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Samvara in Marathi glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

saṃvāra (संवार).—m S Contraction, gathering up. 2 Compression (of the lips &c.) in pronunciation. See bāhyaprayatna.

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sāṃvara (सांवर).—f (śālmalī S) Silk-cotton-tree, Bombax heptaphyllum.

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sāṃvara (सांवर) [or सावर, sāvara].—m (sa & āvara) Recovery of strength; recruit of spirits; regathering of pristine health, vigor, power, opulence, dignity &c.; rallying or ralliedness. v ghē. Ex. alīkaḍē rājācā āśraya lāgalyāpāsūna hyānēṃ sāvara ghētalā.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

saṃvāra (संवार).—m Contraction. Compression (of the lips &c.) in pronunciation.

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sāṃvara (सांवर).—m Recovery of strength; recruiting of spirits.

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sāṃvara (सांवर) [-rī, -री].—f Silk–cotton–tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saṃvara (संवर).—1 Covering.

2) Comprehension.

3) Compression, contraction.

4) A dam, bridge, causeway.

5) A kind of deer.

6) Name of a demon; see शंबर (śaṃbara).

7) (With Jainas) Shutting out the external world.

8) Provision; Buddh.

-ram 1 Concealment.

2) Forbearance, self-control.

3) Water.

4) A particular religious observance (practised by Buddhists).

Derivable forms: saṃvaraḥ (संवरः).

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Saṃvāra (संवार).—

1) Covering, closing up.

2) Contraction of the throat &c. in the pronunciation of letters, obtuse articulation (opp. vivāra q. v.).

3) Diminution.

4) Protecting, securing.

5) Arranging.

6) An obstacle, impediment; प्रत्यग्रापनीतसंयमनस्य भवतोऽलघुसंवारा गतिः (pratyagrāpanītasaṃyamanasya bhavato'laghusaṃvārā gatiḥ) Mk. 7.6,7.

Derivable forms: saṃvāraḥ (संवारः).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Śaṃvara (शंवर).—(?) see saṃvara (4).

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Saṃvara (संवर).—m. (= Pali id.; compare a-saṃvara and saṃ- vāra), (1) restraint, control, obligation, vow: Mvy 1608 (text erron. saṃvāra); 1632; 7010 (in all these = Tibetan sdom pa restraint, obligation, vow), 9363 (= Tibetan sdom po or sdom ba); LV 159.8 (verse) śīlaguṇa-saṃvaru (n. sg.); 379.14 (prose) saṃvaram (acc.; sc. from sin, atyayato) āpadyate; similarly Divy 617.22, 24; Mv i.104.14 deśayanti dama-dāna-saṃvaraṃ (mss. °ra); samātta-saṃvarasya Śikṣ 15.1; prātimokṣa-saṃvara-, the moral restraints im- posed in the code called Prātimokṣa (= Pali pātimokkha- saṃvara) Mv iii.51.17—52.1; Śikṣ 17.7 (not by this alone can a Bodhisattva attain enlightenment); Bbh 155.26; KP 134.2; Ud xxxii.27 prātimokṣe ca saṃvaraḥ; Mv iii.52.8 (akuśalā dharmāḥ…) teṣāṃ saṃvarāya: 423.3 ff. cakṣuṣā (śrotreṇa, ghrāṇena, etc.) saṃvaro; śīlasaṃvara- Mv i.143.1; Dbh 96.15; Jm 15.5; saṃvara-śīla-, morality con- sisting of s°, Bbh 138.24; 152.19; KP 103.3 tatra na saṃvaro nāsaṃvaraḥ; Dbh.g. 52(78).30 °raṃ samupācaret; RP 28.12 (verse) śīlaprayoga saṃvarakriyā ca; LV 31.15, 16, 17 kāya-, vāk-, manaḥ-s° (see sambara 1); (2) rule, prescription (an extension or specialization of prec., found only in neg. a-saṃvara, q.v.); (3) (treated as nt. in Divy 111.3, n. sg. °raṃ; the only distinctive occurrence), pro- visions (of food): Divy 110.26 saṃvaraṃ cāropaya; 111.1, 3; Prāt 500.5 piṇḍapāta-saṃvaraṃ (acc.), provisions for a meal; (is this meaning also an extension of 1, regulation, requirement?); (4) n. of an asura: Suv 162.12 (acc. to [Page540-a+ 71] Nobel, Tibetan seems to suggest reading Śaṃvara; compare also Sambara); (5) n. of a hell: Kv 50.4 saṃbare (so printed) mahānarake (read śaṃbare?).

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Saṃvāra (संवार).—: Mvy 1608; so also Mironov; see s.v. tāpa.

Saṃvāra can also be spelled as Saṃvara (संवर).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Śaṃvara (शंवर).—n.

(-raṃ) Water. E. śaṃ happily, vṛ to choose or cover, aff. ac or arap; more usually read śambara. q. v.

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Saṃvara (संवर).—n.

(-raṃ) 1. Water. 2. Self-control. 3. Concealment. 4. A particular religious observance with Budd'hists. m.

(-raḥ) 1. The name of a demon. 2. Collection, comprehension. 3. Contraction, compression. 4. A mound a bridge, &c. 5. Concealing. 6. A kind of deer. E. sam before vṛ to choose, aff. ap; more usually derived from śamb or ṣamb to collect, and then written śambara or ṣambara q. v.

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Saṃvāra (संवार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Contraction, diminution. 2. Compression of the lips, &c. in pronunciation. 3. Protection. 4. Covering, closing up. E. sam before vṛ to choose, aff. ghañ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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